Alba Carolina Fortress is one of the biggest fortresses in Eastern Europe. It was built at the request of Charles VI and was completely finished in 1735. When walking up to the citadel, you can see a nice view of the countryside. Inside there is a very old medieval Catholic church, two palaces, the Batthyaneum Library, some ruins, Alba Iulia University, and a Romanian orthodox church. It is a nice place to walk in the evening.
This is a very beautiful cathedral near the citadel in Alba Iulia. The gardens are nice and the inside is decorated beautifully. Although compared to the other cathedrals it's not very old (it was built in the early 1920s), it is historically significant. It is a symbol of when Transylvania was once again joined to Romania.
This cathedral was built sometime in the 13th century and is a huge structure. This is another historical site in Alba Iulia and contains the tombs of two of the region's royals. A lot of importance is placed on this building not just because of its age, but also its architectural style. It’s very beautiful and is a must-visit in Alba Iulia.
Because the area is great for biking, you can do a lot of trips around Alba iulia, using your bike. There are not bike rental shops but you can bring your own if you intend to stay more.
You can also hike and have nice trips around Alba Iulia
The route of the three strongholds its a really old/nice place you have to visit. Be careful when you take pics (even if you pay the fee). Earlier today one of the guards told me I can take as many pics i want but i might get sued if i post them on the internet because the Fortress is protected by © copyright and it's also a ® registered trademark :(
In the city itself there is not so much to do from my experience of being there for a week. It has a castle area with several monuments. However, the surrounding area is beautiful if you want to explore the small villages and towns nearby or enjoy nature by going for a hike.
The Roman Catholic Cathedral is worth a visit. Its architecture has elements of both Romanesque and Gothic styles. There are some ancient frescoes in the north aisle, and some very handsome statuary and tombs in the south aisle. There is also a one-manual and pedal positive organ in the gallery.
Be certain to visit the impressive Romanian Orthodox Cathedral across the green.
A strangely loopsided building. It used to have two towers but one was blown off completely though i can't remember why or how it came about. But it gives a rather odd feeling at least i had it when i looked at it first. Since the other tower has been demoslished so effectively or maybe they've just sorn the remnands down, it almost looks like this was always the way it should be. Like, that they ran out of money and didn't have cash enough to build the second tower.
And see the amasing craftmanship of the people that build it. It is an old church but it still is in good shape. And i loved looking at the walls just to see how neatly the beams matched and build up the wall. It kept me fascinated
Just outside the citadel you can find an old wooden church.Somehow i thought at first that it wouldn't be used anymore because of the cathedrals inside the citadel. But last time i was there a wooden sort of instrument was used around the church and also in the bell-tower after which the bell sounded for the service. So i was quite mistaken. What i found really impressive is the way how they've made the wooden walls. The plancks fitt perfectly one into another with no apparent help of nails or anything else of iron.
Here is where nowadays Romania got its form. In 1918 the treaty that joined Romania with Transsylvania was signed in this hall. So maybe not romania's most interesting building in terms of architecture or things like that it sure has a great historical value
The Italian architect Giovanni Morando Visconti has made the project of the fortress. He was guided by the general Stefan de Steinville and later by general Weiss. The work at the fortification of Alba Iulia has began on the 4th of November 1715, when the foundation of Carol bulwark, dedicated to the emperor and situated on the Northern side was made. Weiss named his project, the fortification, "Alba Iulia's major fortress in the Principality of Transylvania".
Between the 18th and 19th centuries the fortress has served as the military center of Transylvania and also as general armament dump. The perimeter of the walls is about 12 km; 20.000 serves built the walls.
The fortress has seven bulwarks (Eugene of Savoia, St. Stefan, The Trinity, St. Michael, St. Carol, St. Capistrano and St. Elisabeth) that make it a star shaped one, common to Vauban fortresses. The biggest bulwark is the Trinity one, measuring 116 and 135 m and being decorated in the center with a blazon crowned by outlines and acanthus leaves.
The walls were made of bricks, quarry stones, or out of the Roman ruins, measuring 3 m at the base and 1.20 m at the top, being sustained by abutments in order to neutralize the earth's force. The six gates of the bulwark fortress have been a model for the 18th century Transylvanian architecture. They are looked upon as extremely valuable samples of early baroque.
The planning and the building of the fortress led to the modification of the street texture; that is why the six gates had been placed three towards the town and the other three towards the western drill field. All the roads and the fitted gates were functional. The fortress is outstanding both for its decorative elements and for the beauty of its six gates, unique in European military architecture. Doubtless the artists had been inspired by ancient mythology. Sculptors like Johann Koning, Johan Vischer and Giuseppe Tencalla had made the decorations. On the whole, the fortress stands out as the most important baroque figurative plastic pile.
The Crown Orthodox Cathedral (1921) is also known as the Cathedral of National Reunion.
It has roman architectonic elements inspired from Domneasca Church on Targoviste.
Grandiose building, the Reunification Cathedral was built between 1921-1923, following the project drawn by the architect D.G. Stefanescu, leaded by the engineer T. Eremia.
The Great Romanian monarchs were crowned here on the 15th of October 1922.
The establishment is shaped as a Greek cross, with an open porch.
Constantin Petrescu painted the fresco in traditional iconography style
Combining Romanic and Gothic architectural styles, this gem was begun building in the 11th century - and finished in the 13th. Inside you'll find Iancu de Hunedoara, Queen Isabella and King Ladislav's tombs. Also look out for the beautiful organ concerts held here. And don't forget to seek the statue of Mary from Turda - actually the oldest wood religious statue in Romania.
In the middle of history of Transylvania, this church hides the most important moments of history of Transylvania