Arad (in Hungarian Arad, in German Arad) is a city in Arad (in Hungarian Arad) County of Romania close to the Hungarian border on the right bank of the Mures (Maros) River. The commune contains only the city. The city has got 190.114 inhabitants (29.828 (15,7%) Hungarians, 1992 census).
Neighbouring communities are: Iratosu / , Pecica / , Felnac, Vinga / Vinga, Sagu, Fantanele, Vladimirescu, Livada, Zimandu Nou / / Sofronya communities.
The territory of the city is inhabited from Ages. There were found some finds from the Bronze, Iron, Dacian, Roman ages.
The city has got its name from Knight Orod, knight of King Saint Stephen in 1029. Castle Orod later Arad became the capital of Arad County. The city was in Arad County of the Kingdom of Hungary till 1551. In 1514 it was destroyed at the time of the Dózsa peasant revolt. On 18th September 1551 it was occupied by the Turks. The Turks built a new fort and Arad became a sandsak seat. It was under Turkish rule till 1685. The Treaty of Karlovac (1699) reunited it with Hungary. 1699-1741 Arad was part of the Military Borderlands and was the district seat. Between 1763-1783 the new fort was built. 1741-1832 Arad was a town in Arad County. Free Royal City from 1832. At the time of the Independence War in 1848-1849 the Fort Arad took Habsburgs' part, and the fort bombarded the city. On 1st of July 1849 the ort was surrended. Arad became the capital of Hungary for a very short time 02.08.1849 - 09.08.1849. The fort surrended to the Russian troops on 17. August 1849. On 6th October 1849 there were executed the 13 generals of the Independence war (you can find their small obelisc between a football ground and the car parks).
Favorite thing: The town has a good strategip position been close to another big Transilvanian towns like Oradea or Timisoara , also close to the Hungarian border and the beautifull Transilvanian Alps .