Catherine’s Gate dates from 1559 and is Brasov’s only remaining medieval gate. This gate was used mainly by Romanians who wanted to enter Brasov. Catherine’s gate is a beautiful structure and a significant piece of Brasov’s history.
Rope Street is the narrowest street in Europe. The street is 80 meters in length and between 111 and 135 cm in width. It was built in the 17th century to allow medieval firemen direct access to the city center, and doubled as a protection from foreign invasion. How? Imagine that the street which is only 260 ft long and at its widest only 4.5 feet wide - that's 54 inches. Not much space, right? Then, at the end of the street is a wall that allows only one man at at time to get through. Imagine an army comes to this street and attempts to pass through it. They cannot advance in formation, but only one at a time. Then, at the end, the horseman cannot even exit mounted! At the other end are the defenders, just waiting for the enemy - like fish in a barrel.
Today, it is mostly a photo op for tourists. :-)
The best vie to the city - Tampa hill is just south of the old city and you can easily reach it by the telecabin Tampa. On the hill there is Brasov sign in "Holywood" style. There they have built a panorama terrace that gives you a view to the whole city. You can also enjoy it from the restaurant there (although it's in old communist style).
The cable cars runs from 9 to 17 every 15 min and a round trip cost 15 lei. The journey takes only 2 minutes. The station is situated very close to the Hunter's Tower
Brasov's most important landmark, the Black Church, is the largest Gothic church between Vienna and Istanbul. Built between 1385 and 1477, the church was given its name after the Great Fire of 1689,which destroyed most of the town, heavily damaged the church, and blackened its walls.
The Black Church contains the heaviest mobile bell in Romania (6 tons), and an organ, with 4,000 pipes, 7 scales and 4 key boards. It was built in 1838-1839 is among the largest organs in the Southeastern Europe.
The Black Church has the richest collection of Anatolian prayer carpets in all Europe - 119 of them. Most of them date from the 17th and 18th centuries, and were donated by the city's merchants to show their gratitude towards God. They are interspersed throughout the church - between pews, on the walls, everywhere - but do not touch! At their advanced age, they are as delicate as they are exquisite!
On the Southeast portal is a beautiful fresco, dating 15th century, representing Saint Mary sitting on a throne with Jesus in her arms, surrounded by angels and Saint Ecaterina and Saint Barbara which survived the Great Fire (with minimal damage)- definitely worth seeking out.
So many wonderful things to see inside this church - but they do not allow photography. :-( I had to appease myself with several postcards (sold just inside the entryway to the church, where you purchase your admission ticket).
Our tour guide brought us to visit the first Romanian-language school, which was built in 1495. Back then, each village chose one child who came to learn here, in order to become a teacher, notary or priest. We got to meet the curator, Prof. Dr. Vasile Oltean Dr. Oltean is an entertaining fellow - he will give you a tour of the school, which currently consists of several rooms. In the school room, you can sit in the pews (from the 1700s) and he will bring out a childrens book which was printed while Columbus was alive. From this book, he read a short passage about whatever country you are from - very interesting! There is also a room with a working printing press, which he will demonstrate for you. Another room holds under glass many ancient books - including a 500-year-old bible.
This was an interesting stop during our tour, and I recommend it to get a little insight into the history of the culture of Romania.
The Black Church is an enormous building in the Old Town of Brasov. It was built by Saxons and is one of the biggest churches in this part of Europe. It is used mainly by Lutherans and is an interesting place to visit and look around.
Walking down and exploring the streets is probably the most enjoyable thing you can do in Brasov. The Old Town has lots of colorful houses, good restaurants, and a medieval church. The main square is very picturesque, especially at night. You should walk through the Old Town during the day and at night. The Old Town includes such landmarks as Council Square, the Black Church, an orthodox cathedral, and Schei Gate. You will have lots of opportunities to take good photos in these places. :)
It's the first Romanian virtual museum. Has many levels, and on the highest level, you can notice the landscape around the tower by looking in some small holes in walls.
There is no entry/photo tax, but if you want you can donate money for maintenance of the tower by trowing them in one small well close to the entry door.
Is closed on Monday.
It's on the same street as Hunter's Tower, It's not amazing but it's a nice place to visit and admire some wood sculptures, and buy them, or smaller objects as earrings, and small or big crosses sculpted in wood.
There is no entry/photo tax.
Str Sforii is the narrowest street in Brasov and in Romania. It is a short walk east of the main square just off Str. Porta Schei near the synagogue. It is just 1.3m wide. You can reach out and touch both of its walls at the same time.
The Romanian Orthodox Cathedral (Catedrala Ortodoxa Adormirea Maicii Domnului) was built in Byzantine style at the end of the 19th century.
The church itself is hidden behind an archway with a little courtyard. The interior is worth seeing due to its interesting frescoes and impressive decorations.
The Romanian Orthodox Cathedral is located on the northeastern side of the Town Hall Square (Piata Sfatului).
Address: Romanian Orthodox Cathedral, Piata Sfatului 3, Brasov
The St. Bartholomeus Church (Biserica Sf. Batolomeu) is the oldest building in Brasov. It was constructed in 1223 and consists of early roman and Gothic elements.
Several sieges by the Turks in the 15th and 16th century led to destructions of the church. The last renovation dates back to 1842.
The church is surrounded by a cemetery where many Germans are buried.
The St. Bartholomeus Church is located about 2,5 km north of the city centre. To get there, you can take any bus which runs along Lunga Street. The bus stop is just in front of the Church.
Address: St. Bartholomeus Church, Lunga Str. 247, Brasov
The history of the first Romanian language school (Prima Scoala Romaneasca) dates back to 1495. At that time it was among the leading schools for Romanian people.
In the middle of the 16th century a printing press was opened in the building.
Most of the first printed books in Romanian were printed here. Nowadays the building houses a school museum.
The building of the first Romanian language school is situated on the grounds of the St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, which can be found at the large square Piata Unirii, in the old Romanian suburb of Schei.
Address: First Romanian language school, Piata Unirii 2-3, Brasov
The history of Brasov's Old Town Hall (Casa Sfatului) dates back to the early 15th century. The tower which was used as a watchtower was erected about one century later.
The front side includes a renaissance style loggia and the city's coat of arms which shows a crown in reference to Brasov's German name Kronstadt (Crown City).
Nowadays the building houses the County Historical Museum and the Tourist Office.
The Town Hall is situated right in the heart of Brasov's historic old town, just in the middle of the Town Hall Square (Piata Sfatului).
Address: Old Town Hall, Piata Sfatului 30, Brasov
Saint Nicholas Orthodox Church (Biserica Sfantul Nicolae) is the oldest Orthodox church in Brasov and was constructed in the late 15th century on the spot of an old wooden church.
It was built in a mix of the Byzantine, Baroque and Gothic styles.
The walled church grounds are also home to a cemetery and the grave of Nicolae Titulescu who was a government minister and president of the League of Nations.
The First Romanian School, which is nowadays a museum can also be found here.
Saint Nicholas Church is situated at the large square Piata Unirii, which can be found in the old Romanian suburb of Schei.
Address: Saint Nicholas Church, Piata Unirii 1-2, Brasov