CATHEDRALS & CHURCHES IN TARGU MURES
In this category, there are quite a few to be seen!
Unfortunately, I didn't make it inside any of them, too much traffic around!
My favorite would be my 1st & 2nd photos, which are of Targu Mures second biggest Romanian Orthodox church. Built in 1926-36, it was at first intended for Greek Catholics, a Christian denomination that recognizes the Pope but uses Orthodox-style rites.
Photo 3, is of the massive Orthodox Cathedral of the Ascension, the largest religious building in Targu Mures. The cathedral was consecrated in 1934. The central dome has a stained glass that depicts Christ blessing.
Photo 4 is of St. John the Baptist Church in the main street of Targu Mures. The Church has two towers and Baroque architecture. Inside the facade niches, is the statue of Saint Ignatius of Loyola & Francis Xavier.
Hopefully, I may be able to return and see the inside which is described as "luxurious!"
There probably are approx. another 6 - 8 churches in the City.
- Religious Travel
THE PALACE OF CULTURE
I thought the Palace of Culture, located next to the Prefecture Palace, was another interesting building.
This building is a fraction older as it was built between 1911 - 1913, in Transylvanian Secession style. Highlights of the exterior, is the shimmering tiled roof made from Zsolnay enamel from Pecs in Hungary, which was popular among Budapest Secessionists. I find these roofs very attractive!
I liked the front facade, even though it was adorned with false folk elements. Above the main entrance is a mosaic of a female figure representing Hungary. On either side of her are shields, the one on the left is the crest of the city, with a knight’s sword skewering a bear’s head and a bleeding heart.
The ground floor is where the Great Hall that is used for symphony concerts is. Acoustics are meant to be good and it has an Organ with over 4,400 pipes. Mahogany woodwork, gold and a grand Italian marble staircase, leading you up past windows with stained glass depictions of Hungarian cultural and political figures of the 19th century, lead to the Hall of Mirrors - named for the Venetian mirrors at each end of it.
The glass panels at each end of the wall are simple depictions of everyday life and death among Szekely people, a Transylvanian subgroup of the Hungarians, and the four windows in the middle illustrate folk tales.
One such tale is of a Mother, "Ilona Budai," who thought more of saving her jewel box than her children. She repented and went back for the children and was rebuffed by them!
The next floor up in the palace, has a small concert hall with yet more stained glass. This window shows Gabor Bethlen, medieval prince of Transylvania, surrounded by scientists of his time. Higher again, and you need to use the staircase, is a museum of contemporary art, largely from Hungary or Romania.
Today, this Palace is home to the District Library, State Philharmonic, Art Galleries, Art Museum, and has a permanent exhibition in the Museum of History.
Tuesday - Friday: 9-4PM
Saturday, Sunday:9 - 1PM
- Arts and Culture
- Museum Visits
- Theater Travel
What an eye-catching building the Prefecture Palace was!
This building was City Hall for 55 years. It was built in Secession style between 1905 - 1907, a very attractive style is what I thought!
The 60 metre high Tower, originally built as a fire watchtower of the city, and the tiled mosaic roof were beautiful! The clock in the Tower chimes every quarter and hour, quite loudly!
At present, it's the administrative headquarters of the County Council.
I don't know if you can view the interior or not. If so, I read it has a gothic hall with vaulted ceiling supported by columns of marble carved with stained glass.
- Historical Travel
The Perfecture is an imposing building dating back to 1905-1907. It was designed as city hall by Jakab Dezsö and Komor Marceli in the style of the first period of secession. The tower is 60 meters high. Today it houses the perfecture and the Mures County council.
In the garden in front of the building you will find a "she wolf" monument like in a lot of Romanian cities.
The city hall dates back to 1936-1940 and was built in neo-brancovenesc style.
I must admit that I had to check Wikipedia to find out what Brancovenesc style is. Well, in the Romanian province of Wallachia there used to be a prince by the name of Constantin Brâncoveanu in the 17th/18th century who started this style of architecture.
The city hall underwent restoration in 1990-92.
Franciscan tower and theatre square
Just of the main square Piata Trandafirilor you will notice a tower standing all by itself. This is the tower of the former Franciscan monastery standing at the edge of Piata Teatrului another large square but a pedestrianised one.
There was not only a tower but a monastery and a church, both monastery and church were demolished in 1972. From 1735 until 1972 the Franciscans educated young people in this spot. The Franciscan order of Friars minor already lived in the fortress from the 13th to the 16th century. In 1972 they moved to the outskirts of the town.
It's prohibited to cycle or roller skate on the theatre square. The theatre (picture no. 5) itself cannot exactly be called an architectural highlight. There are also a café, a postoffice and a hotdog kiosk to the found on the square.
An important bus stop is right there by the theatre/main square where you can catch the minibus to the airport.
The Small Cathedral dates back to 1934-36 and caters to the Greek-Catholic congregation. We peeked in but were motioned to get in by a lady. We only had a quick look as there was actually a service going on.
The statue in front is dedicated to the founder the then Mayor Dr. Emil A. Dandea.
On the first picture you see a monument to Avram Iancu on Piata Trandafirilor. Avram Iancu was a leading figure from Transylvania in the revolution against the Hungarians. Those fights eventually led to the joining of Transylvania to Romania.
Targu Mures like other cities have a big Hungarian minority. In Targu Mures you will notice that a lot of things are written in Hungarian and street names have both languages.
There is also a street calles Avram Iancu and I suggest you walk along it from along the fortress all the way to the cemetery where the stone and the wooden churches are located. Along the way you will notice the monument on picture no. 2 (I couldn't see the name on it) and you will pass the memorial house of Avram Iancu which can be visited (picture no. 3-5). The museum is at no. 23.
The opening times are:
The Orthodox Cathedral called Ascension of the Lord is dominating the Piata Trandafirilor. The cathedral is relatively new as it was only built from 1925 till 1934. The church is huge and is constantly vistited so that we only view it from the entrance as we wanted to see as much of the city as possible in the late evening sun.
Roman Catholic church
This impressive church you will find on the main city square, the Piata Trandafirilor, in close neighborhood to the orthodox cathedral.
The church dates back to 1728-1764 when it was built by the Jesuits in Baroque style. From 1933-35 one part was rebuilt in neo-nenaissance style.
Since we were there one late afternoon we couldn't visit the inside as there was a service going on.
Orthodox stone church
As you approach the cemetery coming form Avram Iancu street turning into Mitropoli street you will see the orthodox Resurrection church dating back to 1793/4 like the nearby wooden church. This is a greek orthodox church. The first Romanian school in town was also in that complex.
The church was closed but you could have a look inside from the metal door grill. After I had taken a picture of the interior I was told not to do so. I wasn't using a flash and in fact when you looked in with the sun behind you, you could hardly see anything but the camera saw much more.
Orthodox wooden church
On Mitropolit street you will find the cemeteries and this lovely wooden church dating back to 1794. It is dedicated to St. Michael, the archangel.
When we arrived one late afternoon the church was closed. In front of the church a man was painting a bench and ask in Romanian if we wanted to visit it. We made each other understood by hand gestures :-). Anyway he opened the church for us which included turning off the alarm.
So if you get the chance to have a look inside please do. He even activly told us to take a picture inside which we did without using a flash of course. When you visit the church please note the angels on the dark blue ceiling.
We gave him a small amount of money which he took happily once he understood that it was a donation for the church. After I saw that there was a donation box.
Reformed Church (Fortress)
Inside the fortress walls you will find the reformed church which is very much in use. Apparently it is the oldest building in Targu Mures built between the 8th century and 1490. It was last renovated in 1986. Everything is in Hungarian.
When we visited it was open because a church service just finished and we quickly entered to have a look before it was locked again.
- Historical Travel
The Fortress can be found very close to the main square in the city center, slightly uphill. As you approach you will see the walls and bastions.
The first fortress was built in the 15th century and was owned by the voivode of Transylvania. The current fortress dates back to 1602/1952. When we visited a big area seemed to be under reconstruction but we were able to enter the church in one part.
- Historical Travel
The Palace of Culture
The Palace of Culture is one of the highlights of the city. It looks astonishing from outside and surprises on the inside too.
Located on the corner of Piata Trandafirilor and George Enescu street you cannot miss it. The shiny roof with different coloured tiles as well as the other decorations on the facade make it special. Built between 1911 and 1913 it was influenced by the Hungarian and the Viennese Secession.
When you enter the building you are greeted by a beautiful ceiling. A lady approached us straight away ushering us to the hidden ticket booth. Entrance fee to various exhibits was RON 10 and the photo permit RON 5 which was very reasonable.
We visited the famous mirror hall, the art gallery and some other exhibits. Since some kids were having a rehearsal we just followed the music and the singing and had a glance a the big concert hall which looked like an opera.
In the mirror hall you may buy postcards and some souvenirs. The souvenir vending point in the entrance hall was closed when we visited. Part of the building was also under renovation.
For more pictures, please check out the travelogue.
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