The fountain lies in Libertatii Square, right in front of the main entrance to Carol Park. It was built in shape of a wide bowl with a sustaining pillar. It dates from 1935, when it was built for the traditional feast of the Luna Bucurestilor. It was designed by Octav Doicescu. On the exterior of the fountain, it is decorated with the different zodiac signs, worked in black-and-white mosaic, by Sculptor Mac Constantinescu.
In this place there used to exist a barren field: Filaret Field. It was here that Fratia political secret society was founded in 1843, which was to start the 1848 Revolution. The park was arranged in 1907, when the city celebrated 40 years since the first King of Romania had been crowned. The park was set according with the plans drawn by Architect Redont. The small lake in the middle of the park replaced the swamps that had existed there. The centerpiece of the park is a mausoleum which used to host the tomb of Communist President Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej, but his remains were removed in 1990 and nowadays the mausoleum is empty. In front of the mausoleum there is an eternal flame and the tomb of an unknown soldier (a small monument raised in 1927) which died in WW1. As one enters from Libertatii Square, about half the way to the mausoleum, to the right and to the left of the main alley there are two statues depicting the Giants.
In front of the park entrance from Libertatii Square there is the Zodiac Fountain (see my special tip on it)
From the platform of the funeral monument, you can see towards your left the tower of this nice little church\called Cutitul de Argint (built at the turn of the XIX century). I think it is worth going to see it closely, because of tis interesting architecture and paintings on the outside walls, and of the small cemetery surrounding it.
You can see its tower (and, presumably, a flag) from the top of the funeral monument, looking to your right. Converted from a water tower when the park was built, the small castle was meant to remember the reign of Vlad Tepes (aka Dracula). Now the castle is closed to public except one day/year (24th may?!), and it serves as a museum of some sort.....
Carol’s park – I think this is a must see, as it has an interesting history and hosts many spots waiting for you to discover. The park was meant to celebrate 40 years of reign of King Carol I, so it was opened in 1906 on the historic location of the Fields of Filaret – it was here that sovereignty from the Russian tzar was proclaimed in 1848.
Here’s a list below
- Monument – dominates the whole area, nice lookout point from there. More details on a separate tip
-Marasesti Soldiers’ monument
-Astronomic Institute – a very nice art-nouveau building
-Roman arenas – there’re not from the times of the Roman Empire….but they can host 5000 people open air concerts during summer time
-Some time ago, there was a small mosque near the lake, symbol of the “special” relationships with the Turks. the mosque has been demolished, when "special" relationships with the russians became fashionable once again.
If you feel like having a beer or a snack, I recommend the terraces on the right side as you climb the stairs to the monument.
The location of the actual monument is called Dealu Filaret (Filaret hill) and has a historical significance – the revolution of 1821 in Bucharest started from here, it was here that sovereignty from the Russian tzar was proclaimed in 1848. King Carol the 1st celebrated his 40 years of reign by offering a 40 hectares park to the capital in 1906.
Now the top of hill was disputed along history, facing criticisms of “Masonic symbolism”. According to the initial plans, a small monument to the soldiers in WW I was erected. After communists came to power, they have chosen the spot to erect a Monument to the Unknown Soldier (red monument, 5corner star, red army soldier), and the job was finally done in 1962. An when the first communist leader died, he was buried in here, so that after this, most communist leaders and party officials have chosen to buried in the ossuary beneath the monument. Talk with the guards, they will be happy to prove helpful for a change.
After the communists fall, the place becomes disputed once again: the orthodox church wanted to demolish the monument and built a huge cathedral on the spot. To many, this was perceived as a revenge from the part of the church for the fact that its’ churches have been demolished or hidden from sight on the time of the communists.
Luckily, it was ultimately decided to keep the monument as it stands.
The Carol Park (former Liberty Park) with an area over 35 ha. at Filaret hill, was layout between 1900-1906 after the plans of the french architect E. Redont with the ocasion of the 40 years reign of king Carol I. In 1963 a mausoleum was build (48 meters in height) in the memory of "The heroes of the battle for freedom of the country ".