The Romanian National History Museum comprises in an total area of 8,000 square meters and 60 rooms of exibits showing romanian history, from Paleolitic (600.000 - 6.000 b.c.), followed by Dacian material and spiritual culture, to the medieval period, the Independence War (1878), the two World Wars and Romania's entrance under the Russian influence.
The monumental building is raised on a place with an interesting history. In the 17th century there were the houses of Constantin Balaceanu, a local administrator. On the same place the ruler Constantin Brancoveanu built a big inn named after him "Constantin Voda Inn". The fire from 1847 which affected an important part of the town, distroyed the inn and its ruins were demolished in 1862. On this place the city's administrators decided to raise The Post Palace. Its construction began in 1894 and it was inaugurated in 1900. The architect was Alexandru Savulescu and its style is neo-classical, having a main frontage with stairs on all its lenght and a porch sustained by 10 doric columns. Its extremes have a proeminent volume, a bigger height and are covered with a dome. The town's Central Post functioned here till 1970 when it was transformed into the History Museum.
The place where the museum stands nowadays there used to be Constantin Voda Inn, built by Constantin Brancoveanu. It was demolished in 1856, but parts of its cellars still survive. In 1894-1900 on this site there was raised the Palace of the Post Company, following the designs done by Architect Savulescu; the building cost an enormous amount of money at the time (4 millions lei-gold). The palace has a facade in Neoclassical style, with a vast portico sustained on 10 doric columns. In 1971 it was turned into the National History Museum which it still hosts. Its exhibitions go through the history of the country from the oldest finds until today. Its lapidarium contains, apart from various finds, a replica of Traian's Column in Rome (113 AD), telling the story of the conquest of the Dacian Kingdom by the romans. On the ground floor there are vestiges from the Paleolithic all the way to the Iron Age. On the first floor there is presented the history from the Geto-Dacians to the 20th century.
However the most interesting part of the museum is its Thesaurus, located in the basement. It contains 2000 pieces in gold, silver and precious stones, dating from the Neolithic to the 20th century. The most interestinbg exhibits include the Neolithic golden idols, Roman jewelery, an episcopal byzantine cross from Dinogetsia (11th century), the golden cover from Curtea de Arges (14th century), jewelery of the Romanian royal family. The most important exhibit is the Vizigoth thesaurus of the 4th century AD, weighting 19 kg. and discovered by a peasant ploughing his land in Pietroasa Village.
The museum is open daily except for Mon and Tue, 10.00 to 18.00.
As a museum lover, I try and visit most as you can learn so much from them. So do not be discouraged by the initial vast emptiness you encounter upon entering this grand neoclassical building: the museum holds a large collection of objects dating from the Neolithic period to the 1920s. Downstairs, the Treasury section contains a mind-boggling assortment of golden objects spanning from Roman days to the present. COST: 50¢. OPEN: Wed.-Sun. 10-5.
The museum is located at Calea Victoriei and in my opinion its one of the cities most amazing architectural pearls.
The museum is housed in the former post palace that was built in neoc;assical style between 1894-1900 according to desings of Alexandru Savulescu.
The museum offers a wide range of historical items. there ar about 600,000 exhibits in the museum.
My only visit inside the museum was in 1998. There were some impressive statues inside and a big columan with some meaning but i cant remember what exactly..... another exhibit that i noticed was the "Gold" room where there were many gold objects from the history of Romania and its kings.... there were even some guards near the exhibit so I guess that there was some precious stuff.
The National History Museum occupies 8000 m2 and presents in 60 rooms very important exhibits gathered from the formed National Museum of Antiquities and other similar institutions from all over the country. It was built in 1900 by Romanian architect Alexandru Savulescu in French Eclectic style, designed as Central Post Office. Opened as a museum in 1970.
History Museum (Muzeul National de Istorie)
The museum is located in the old post office, a vast neo-classical building from 1899. The museum attempts to cover two million years of Romanian history, from australopichecine (pre-homo sapiens) farming tools to equally clumsy automatic weapons from 1912. There are also Ancient imports from Greece and Rome are placed in context by exhibitions on the empires that crafted them, and separate halls are devoted to the revolutions of 1821 and 1848.
The best exhibits are downstairs: the Lapidarium features a plaster cast of Trajan's column (perhaps the world's first cartoon history), and the Tezaurul Istoric displays royal and church vestments along with a panoply of gold (including an ironically gold-bound Gospels from 1709) among chandeliers, guards, and pillows of purple velvet.
When I was there the English translation stopped, and eventually so did the French ones. You had to guess at what the remainder said!