It is said that half of all of the steel that went into the making of Soviet tanks during the years of the war was produced at the Magnitogorsk mills. This heroic effort on the part of the Magnitogorsk steel workers is commemorated in typical Soviet style with a tremendous statue depicting the laborer of the city handing a newly forged swoard with which to slay the enemy to the Soviet soldier.
The still plant represent the reason why of this city in the middle of the city a river makes the natural distinction between industry which is the plant and the living area.Magnitogorsk plant production is the second in the world.The first batches of steel were smelted in 1932 and things progressed rapidly from that point on. By 1937 the steel mill was nearly complete and foreigners, were kicked out of the city for good. During the construction phase, many foreign workers had applied their knowledge and enthusiasm for the Socialist ideals of the time period, but as Stalin decreed an ever increasing level of security for the USSR's manufacturing and production sectors, the foreign workers were by and large expatriated.
I'd say there isn't too much emphasis on animal rights and the like.....you can find a few places to find different animals. This camel was later in the week in front of the shopping mall where you could get your picture taken with it......along with several small horses that you could have your child ride for 30 rubles.
If your not staying at a hotel you need to get yourself registered (even if at a hotel need to ensure that they do it properly for you). This past trip it involved going to several government agencies to pay fees ranging from 1 ruble (4 cents) per day for an unknown fee :) to a total of 92 rubles ($3.25US) for electricity and water that I might use while staying for two weeks with a friend!!
After we paid the electric and water fee, we then had to see the housing authority director for that part of the city to get her "approval" for my stay. Then it was off to other agencies to pay more fees and then back to the registration office. They then sent us to another agency (that we had visited two other of their offices and were told they didn't handle the fee we were told we needed to pay) up the street where we filled out yet another form and paid the one ruble per day fee and back to the registration office for the stamp and signature to make me official.
It took two days to track down all the right forms/signatures/agencies as the rules seem to regularly change and you go from one office to another. Best to just grin and bear it!!!
A good example of the first settlement is this large monument entitled "Palatka" which means tent. This monument commemorates the efforts of the construction workers who built the city.
In the hill very near to the city the Ascension Cathedral wellcome the very few religious people of Magnitogorsk...
Magnitogorsk was a "secret city" up to the Yeltsin times and all the population (250.000) was imported from other cities with train .