Cathedrals & Monasteries, Moscow
This is one of the most beautiful convents in Moscow and its was founded in the early 16th century. Its main cathedral was consecrated in honour of the Smolenskaya Icon of the Mother of God Hodigitria.
According to legend, the icon was painted by St. Luke himself, and it is closely linked with the convent's foundation.
Fondest memory: The icon was brought to Rus from Greece in 1046 by Tsarina Anna Monomakh, the wife of the Chernigovsk Prince Vsevolod Yaroslavich, and later ended up in Smolensk. In 1398 Sofia, the wife of Prince Vasily I, went to Smolensk to visit her father, the Lithuanian Duke Vitovt. He allowed her to take the icon back to Moscow, and it was placed in the Kremlin Cathedral of the Annunciation. Several years later the citizens of Smolensk asked the Moscow Grand Prince to return their object of worship. Eventually Vasily II the Dark, who had succeeded Vasily I, acceded to their request in 1456. He had an exact copy of the icon made, and then sent the original revered icon back to Smolensk. The icon was solemnly accompanied by a religious procession to the banks of the Moscow River opposite the Vorobyovy Hills, where a service was held. From that day onwards (up to the revolution) a religious procession was held annually at this place.
This impressive structure isn't that old. Rumor has it that it used to be a very nice swimming pool until just a few years ago. The interior is extremely well decorated, and the crypt houses quite a bit to see as well. Most of the people here seemed to be tourists, with only a scattering of worshippers.
Fondest memory: Even though not many people go there to worship, this is still an active church, and women need to cover their hair and shoulders. Guys don't wear shorts. The fact that this cathedral is only ten years old kind of ruined it for me even though, I guess all churches need to begin their life somewhere. I don't mind seeing a new church, but this one gives the air of trying to appear ancient, when in fact its not.
Can you imagine, they built this as a brand new cathedral in years 1992-2000...
On the same place used to be a swimming pool.
I recommend you to visit the Cathedral, I think I have never seen so much gold altogether at one place...which does not necessarily presume a tasteful interior. Anyway from outside the building looks magnificent.
Locks on the bridge leading to the Cathedral left mainly by couples in love as a symbol of their feelings.
L’église de la Trinité est située à proximité du palais d’Ostankino, richement décorée de dômes verts.
Elle a été construite entre 1678 et 1683 pour la famille Tcherkasski, propriétaire du domaine d’Ostankino avant les Chérémétiev. L’église de la Trinité d’Ostankino arbore les traditionnels kokochniki et cinq coupoles mais diffère des édifices semblables par ses deux chapelles construites de part et d’autre (au nord et au sud) de l’édifice central, chacune avec son entrée et couronnée d’un dôme.
The church of the Trinidad is situated close to the palace of Ostankino, richly decorated of green domes.
It has been constructed between 1678 and 1683 for the family Tcherkasski, owner of the domain of Ostankino before the Cheremetievs. The church of the Trinidad of Ostankino raises the traditional kokochniki and five domes but defers similar buildings by its two constructed on all sides chapels (to the north and to the south) of the central building, each with its entry and crowned of a dome.
Fondest memory: La construction très élaborée, en brique, est ornée de pierres et de carreaux blancs, décoration typique de la période baroque moscovite. Eglise fermée dans les années 1920, après la Révolution bolchevique, période à partir de laquelle elle fut très dégradée, pillée, puis utilisée successivement comme musée, comme entrepôt de pommes de terre, et, pendant la guerre, comme lieu de stockage des biens les plus précieux du palais voisin d'Ostankino. Son intérieur fut progressivement restauré à partir des années 1970 et, dans les années 1980, l'église accueillait des concerts de musique classique. Finalement restituée au patriarcat de Moscou en 1991.
The very elaborate construction, in brick, is decorated of stones and white tiles, decoration typical of the Muscovite odd period. Closed church in the years 1920, after the Bolshevik Revolution, period from which she/it was damaged very, robbed, used then successively like museum, like warehouse of potatoes, and, during the war, like place of storage of the most precious goods of the neighboring palace of Ostankino. Its inside was restored progressively from the years 1970 and, in the years 1980, the church welcomed concerts of classical music. Finally restored to the patriarchy of Moscow in 1991.
Favorite thing: There are still preserved many orthodox churches - in Moscow in spite of Stalin's violent attitude for them. But for instance the church Napoleon commented: "The most beautiful church I ever seen!" has been destroyed. There is only an empty place instead.
Anyone who witnesses an Orthodox liturgy for the first time will be struck by its frank appeal to the senses. The central actions of the Liturgy are, to be sure, the consecration and distribution of the bread and wine that constitute the Lord's Body and Blood.
The Orthodox church building is nothing more (or less) than the architectural setting for the Liturgy. Originally, converted houses served the purpose. The history of the church as a conspicuous structure begins with the official toleration of Christianity by Constantine the Great in 313, although there is evidence that sizeable churches existed before his time in some large cities. In the fourth and fifth centuries, buildings were erected to facilitate baptism (baptistries) and burial (mausolea) and to commemorate important events in the lives of Christ and the saints (martyria); but it was the building designed primarily to accommodate the celebration of the Eucharist that became the typical Christian structure - the church as we think of it today.
Fondest memory: The Basilica
As early as the fifth century, church plans varied from one part of the Empire to another. But most were basilicas, long rectangular structures divided into three or five aisles by rows of columns running parallel to the main axis, with a semi-cylindrical extension - an apse - at one end (usually the eastern) of the nave, or central aisle. The altar stood in front of the apse. The flat walls and aligned columns of a basilica define spatial volumes that are simple and mainly rectangular (except for the apse); they also are rationally interrelated and in proportion to each other, with a horizontal "pull" toward the bema, where the clergy would be seen framed by the outline of the apse.
Beyond the Empire, Byzantine plans were taken over with few changes or used as a point of departure for indigenous designs.In Russia the familiar "onion" dome was developed by the thirteenth century, perhaps in response to weather conditions (it sheds snow easily, preventing it from accumulating at the seam between the dome and the drum). Also in Russia, alongside churches of domed cubical shape, are "tent" churches, developed most energetically in the sixteenth century from native traditions of timber architecture. A tower with a huge steeple, its silhouette contrasting with the flat landscape, rises over the monocameral body of the church and is topped with a tiny lantern or dome: St. Basil the Blessed in Moscow's Red Square (actually not one church but a cluster of nine) has the best-known example.
After I visited this cathedral, I wnt back home and asked to the owner of the flat where I rented a room, which was its name.She said: wait a minute and came back with a huge book about that cathedral history and, as the book was in cyrillic I was really afraid she could try to read to me all the story.
Fortunatly she used the book only to show me the relevant photos and told me a summery of the storyThe first cathedral of Christ the saviour was built to celebrate the vicory against Napoleon betwen 1839 and 1883. Then it was destroyed by Stalin who wanted to build at its place a “palace of Soviet” 315 meters high with a statue of Lenin 100 meters high, but this project was never realised as they needed the metals to build new weapons for the war.So years later here was built the biggest swimming pool of the world untill when the majour of moscow decided to rebuild the church that finally was finished in 1997, it’s not made by real gold like the first one(even if it costed 350 milion dollars) but it’s still worth a visit. It’s opened every day since 10 to 17.
Fondest memory: I can say what I do not miss: the looong lines to enter also this cathedral cause of the slow metal detector controls.
The Monastery was founded in the middle of XIV century. The famous icon-painter, Andrey Rublev, was this monastery's monk at the end of XIV - the beginning of XV centuries. Fragments of A. Rublev's frescoes remain on the walls of the Spassky Cathedral, which belongs to the Monastery. On the Monastery territory there are a lot of graves of great and famous Russian cultural and art figures, whose monuments have been kept.
Fondest memory: Nowadays on the Monastery territory there is the Museum of Russian Ancient Culture and Art named after
A. Rublev, which contains a unique collection of old icons from all over Russia. In the Museum you can acquaint yourself with the process of making icons, the technology of making boards and paints, which interprets the meaning of a certain icon, and with the history of various schools of Russian icon-painting of different epochs
Have you ever seen people which don`t care about money or beautiful limousines ?
Enjoy this view now ! They can learn you a lot , living in the practical and material World !
They are higher . You never understand them in your life of sins...
Kamo griadeshi ?
Vaya Con Dios !
The revival of the Orthodox Church in post-Soviet Russia is truly remarkable. Churches that once were locked and barred are open and functioning again. Two cathedrals that were totally demolished have been completely rebuilt, others that were allowed to fall into neglected ruins are being restored and in others the restoration of frescoed walls and the furnishing of the church is continuing apace.
Fondest memory: A group of young artists working at the restoration of the frescoes in the tiny Church of Feodor Studit.
This little church, built in 1626 and one of the oldest churches in Moscow, was for many years used as a factory and workshop but, an ecumenical project that sees the Russian Church working in together with the St Paulus Society from Denmark, has rebuilt and restored the church in a wonderful spirit of open co-operation that brings people together to the mutual benefit of all - both the parishioners of the church and the young volunteers from Denmark who, as well as working on the physical structure of the church work with the community as well.
I do not know what i was expecting when visiting Russia but due to my age and watching too many old films I was expecting dull grey people wanting to buy my old jeans.
Much to my surprise the peolpe were colourful friendly and the women were the most stunning I have seen. One noticeable fast is the almost complete lack of obesity in Moscow.
Favorite thing: It was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible to celebrate his conquest of the Tatar city of Kazan on October 1, 1552, the day of the feast of the Intercession. The central chapel is surrounded by eight towerlike chapels linked by an elevated gallery. Each chapel is topped by an onion dome carved with its own distinct pattern and dedicated to a saint on whose day the Russian army won battles against the Tatars. The cathedral was built between 1555 and 1560 on the site of an earlier Trinity Church where the Holy Fool Vasily (Basil) had been buried in 1552.
Composée de 9 chapelles, la basilique fut construite sur l'ordre d'Ivan le Terrible entre 1555 et 1561 pour commémorer ses victoires sur la Horde d'Or (les Tatars).
Le tsar prit la ville de Kazan après un long siège, le 1er octobre 1552, jour de la fête religieuse orthodoxe de l'Intercession de la Vierge. De là vient la première appellation de ce monument: cathédrale de l'Intercession-de-la-Vierge (Pokrovski sobor na rvou).
La carte de visite de Moscou
Ivan le Terrible mettait ainsi fin à près de 300 ans d'occupation. Une légende dit que le tsar surveillait les travaux du haut de sa tour dans le kremlin et fit crever les yeux des architectes Barma et Postnik pour les empêcher de construire ailleurs le même chef d'œuvre... Une autre raconte que Barma et Postnik était un seul et même homme. Toujours est-il que cet ensemble architectural plein de fantaisie et unique au monde est aujourd'hui la carte de visite de Moscou, comme la tour Eiffel est celle de Paris.
Composed of 9 chapels, the basilica was constructed on Ivan's order the Terrifying between 1555 and 1561 to commemorate his victories on the Horde of gold (the Tatarses).
The czar took the city of Kazan after a long seat, October 1st, 1552, day of the orthodox religious feast of the Virgin's intercession. From there comes the first appellation of this monument: cathedral of the intercession of her (Pokrovski sobor na rvou).
The business card of Moscow
Ivan the Terrifying put thin thus to close to 300 years of occupation. A legend says that the czar supervised the works of the top of its tower in the kremlin and made burst the eyes of architects Barma and Postniks to stop them from constructing the same chief of œuvre elsewhere... Another tells that Barma and Postnik was one only and same man. Still is him that this architectural whole full of fantasy and unique to the world is today the business card of Moscow, as the Eiffel tower is the one of Paris.
Fondest memory: La cathédrale prit le nom de Basile-le-Bienheureux après la construction d'une dixième chapelle sur la tombe de Vassili (Basilius), un simple d'esprit, qui aurait prédit la victoire d'Ivan le Terrible.
C'est en fait l'apothéose du style "en tente", inspiré de l'architecture en bois. L'élément central de la cathédrale, haut de 57m, est surmonté d'un toit en tente, tandis que les autres sont coiffés d'un dôme en forme d'oignon, dominé par de grandes croix dorées. Chacune d'eux présente une ornementation différentes: taillé en bossage, en diamants, décoré de stuc, de peintures brillantes ou de céramiques. Un plan rigoureux structure l'ensemble: il a la forme d'une croix grecque constituée d'une église centrale et de quatre chapelles orientées aux quatre points cardinaux, entre lesquels s'insèrent quatre autres chapelles plus petites.
The cathedral took the name of Basile-Le-Bienheureux after the construction of a tenth chapel on the tomb of Vassili (Basilius), a half-witted, that would have predicted Ivan's victory the Terrifying.
It is made of it the apotheosis of the style "in tent", inspired of the architecture in wood. The central element of the cathedral, high of 57m, is surmounted of a roof in tent, while the other are covered of a dome in the shape of onion, dominated by big golden crosses. Each of them present a different ornamentation: built in bossage, in diamonds, decorated of stucco, brilliant paintings or ceramics. A rigorous plan structures the whole: it has the shape of a Greek cross constituted of a central church and four oriented chapels to the four cardinal points, between which fit four other smaller chapels.
There are 10 monasteries and convents in Mocow. Most of them were founded in the period from 1330 till 1400 in favour of victory in Kulikovo battle. Donskoy monastery is much younger. It was founded in 1591.
As it is situated in an industrial area it is not as popular for tourists to visit, though it is very interesting.
There are a lot of churches in Moscow.
In XIX c (when Moscow was no bigger than Garden Ring) there were more than 2000 churches in Moscow. During years of Stalin's terror many of them were blown up. Now there are about 200-300 churches in Moscow, but nevertheless you can see golden cupolas and crosses from everywhere in the town.