Monuments & Buildings, Moscow
Yury Nikulin was the great movie artist and clown in soviet time. He was like a a breath of fresh air...
"I always believed that those circus people who compel others to burst out laughing are the most important ones"- Yury Nikulin.
Hehad the title the 'National Artist of the USSR' and in this case it's true.
Fondest memory: His monument stays near the old Moscow circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard, where he was a General Manager and Artistic Director 1982 - 1997.
During last decade shape of Moscow has been changed significantly.
My tips regarding the tallest buildings in Europe and Russia are getting old very rapidly. So, I even do not want to update it so often.
Just enjoy pictures.
The names of Minin and Pojarsky are connected with the fight against the Polish invaders that wanted to capture the Russian throne in the beginning of the 17th century.
The two men were at the head of the irregular army, and after their death Moscow citizens decided to pay homage to them by erecting a monument.
Money was brought from all over Russia, and in 1818 the memorial with the inscription "To citizen Minin and Prince Pojarsky from a grateful Russia" was unveiled.
Fondest memory: Today the monument is situated near St. Basil's Cathedral, but before it was placed in the center of Red Square and the raised arm pointing to the Kremlin seemed to tell us: "We saved the heart of the city from the enemy". At present the sense of the gesture is lost.
The Moscow triumphal arch, erected in wood in 1814 and in marble in 1827 to a design by Osip Bove. In 1966 the decision was made about reconstruction of the Triumphal Arch at a new location. It was relocated and reconstructed on Poklonnaya Gora in 1968.
The base of the monument is formed by a single-spanned arch with six pairs of 12-meter-high cast-iron pillars, arranged around two arched supports.
Fondest memory: It's the most grandiose Moscow monument in honor of the victories of Russian people in the Patriotic war of 1812 .
The Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC), often referred to as Moscow City, is a newly built commercial district in Moscow.
First plannings of it started in 1992 and if money allows the project should be finished by 2012.
The district consists of about 25 new buildings such as offices, hotels, apartments, restaurants, shops and entertainment centres. Most of these are skyscrapers of more than 100 m in height.
The district is even home to Europe's two tallest buildings: The 302 metre tall City of Capitals Moscow Tower (2009) and the 269 metre tall Naberezhnaya Tower (2007).
The Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC) is situated on the Krasnopresnenskaya embankment of the river Moskva, approximately 4 km west of Red Square. The nearest metro stop is "Mezhdunarodnaya" on the light blue line.
The so called Stalin's Seven Sisters are a group of neoclassic Stalin-era buildings which were built in the 1950's and nowadays still dominate the skyline of Moscow.
The Seven Sisters are the Hotel Leningradskaya, the Hotel Ukraina, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Transport, the Moscow State University (MGU) and the Block of Flats on Kotelnicheskaya enbankment and on Krasnaya Presnya.
There were even plans for an eighth sister, but the Palace of Soviets was never built.
Please also read my "Things to do tips" for more detailed information about some of the buildings.
Moscow has 8 main train stations, which are all connected to the metro. Most of them are located on the circle metro line (brown line).
Only near the metro station "Komsomolskaya" you find three trains stations: Yaroslavskiy Vokzal for trains to Siberia, Leningradskiy Vokzal for trains to St. Petersburg and Kazanskiy Station for trains to Central Asia.
The other train stations are Belorusskiy, Rizhskiy, Kievskiy, Kurskiy and Paveletskiy Vokzal.
Most of the train stations are well worth a visit both from the outside and the inside.
My favourite train station in Moscow is Kazanskiy Vokzal. For more information about this station, please have a look at my "Of the beaten Path" tips".
Favorite thing: This monument's purpose is unknown to me. It sure is ugly though. One thing that is nice about it is that you can see it from a long way away. At its base is the Art Museo area of Park Statue, which is a can't miss.
Favorite thing: Propriété des comtes Cheremetiev construite entre 1791 et 1798 par les architectes et ouvriers qui, en fait, étaient les cerfs de cette très riche famille. Qu'on ne s'y trompe pas, ce palais est entièrement en bois recouvert de plâtre tout comme à Kouskovo. Ce palais est le résultat d'un mécénat de la famille, il y abrite peintures et sculptures mais son rôle premier fut le théâtre.
Favorite thing: Michail Lomonosov's monument is in the front of Journalistic Department of Moscow University. He was a famous Russian scientist, poet and artist (Russian Da Vinchi), the founder of the 1st Moscow University (1775), and that's why he is sitting or standing close to many University buildings.
Visiting The Kremlin is a full day out there is so much to see and so much history in the inner city. The Armoury, Patriarchs Palace all the cathedral's and churches are all worth a visit
Fondest memory: The Cathedral's the golden domes the beautiful gardens to the south of the Kremlin overlooking the river. 800 captured Napolian cannons
The Garden Ring, also known as the "B" Ring is a circular avenue in the centre of Moscow.
Historically Moscow was surrounded by a series of fortifications one of which was Zemlyanoi Val. After the 1812 Moscow Fire the city began rapidly expanding beyond it and the Val was razed and the moat around it filled up. The space between buildings was neatly rearranged into a pleasant avenue consisting of cobblestoned roads and sidewalks no wider than 25 metres and public gardens (hence the name) and boulevards taking place in the open space. In the 1870s, a monorail for horsecars called konka (êîíêà) was installed, and later replaced by a tram in 1908. This was known as the "B" route (or a "bug" (áóêàøêà) in popular language).
Fondest memory: At the turn of the 20th century, the avenue saw intensive construction of multistorey commercial, administrative, and residential buildings. Many streets and squares of the Garden Ring did not escape heavy street fighting in the unrests of 1905 and 1917 revolutions. In the 1930s, coinciding with Lazar Kaganovich's Moscow redevelopment plan the Garden Ring was widened (at the expense of public gardens). In 1936-1937, trolleys replaced the dismantled tram lines. During the war solid fortifications were installed in some parts of the Garden Ring. The ring also saw the infamous parade of German Prisoners in 1944. In 1948-1954, three out of seven skyscrapers were erected on the Garden Ring. In the early 1950, the Koltsevaya Line of the Moscow Metro was put in operation, with southern circumference following the Garden Ring. Starting from the 1960s the avenue was gradually transformed into a highway with tunnels, overpasses, and pedestrian subways replacing streetlights. Currently plans exist to complete the transformation and install a solid barrier in the centre dividing the direction of traffic.
The Red Gates in Moscow used to be a rare example of a triumphal arch built to an exuberantly baroque design.
The original gate, thought to be the first triumphal arch in Russia, was built in wood on behest of Peter the Great to commemorate his victory at Poltava in 1709. In 1753 the wooden arch was demolished and replaced with a stone one.
Fondest memory: The Arch and a neighbouring church were demolished in 1928 when the avenue they were located on, Sadovoye Koltso was widened according to Lazar Kaganovich's Moscow redevelopment plan. The square that they stood upon was still known as Krasniye Vorota (Red Gates), and in 1935 a metro station of the same name opened. In 1953 one of the famous Stalin's skyscrapers was erected on the square. The square was renamed Lermontovskaya after the Russian author Lermontov in 1962 and was renamed back to Krasniye Vorota in 1986. Some decorative elements of the gate, such as the statue of angel, are exhibited in the Moscow City Museum. Whilst the question of rebuilding the arch has been raised several times, due to the traffic congestion of the square that seems unlikely.
During 1947 to celebrate the 800 anniversary of the foundation of Moscow Stalin wanted to build seven giant palaces as, he thought that the city, compared to american ones, suffered a lack of big palaces(see if someone ever try to imitate good american thing), so with the new construction the city centre would have been more appropriate.To build the sisters Stalin called the architect Oltarzhevsky who worked on the costruction of some american buildings and who was rescued from gulag just in time for the new project.
Fondest memory: I must admitt I will miss some of these cold huge buildings that showed you the way to go when you got lost in smaller streets.
Exhibition of the achievements of national economy of the USSR
This former Exhibition of Economic Achievement was at one time a permanent World Expo of the great glories of Soviet--and particularly Stalinist--rule. It began in 1939 as the All-Union Agricultural Exposition, a celebration of the fruits of Stalinist progress, and many of its most grandiose elements date from that period. In ensuing decades the VDNKh was revived and eventually established on a permanent basis, becoming an exhibition of the finest achievments of the Soviet state. While the VDNKh is slowly restructuring itself to a less idealistic showroom for consumer goods from all over the world, it remains a truly outstanding place to visit, a kind of crazed Soviet visionary's wonderland. VDNKh encompasses a wide area and is filled with pavilions for everything from grain and furs to atomic energy. Many of these exhibition spaces still offer interesting and informative displays. However, what many find most fascinating is the overall dimension and vision of Soviet state imagination.
The district of the VDNKh metro station is another place to visit. It is almost as if you have walked into a Stalinist Disney World.
Fondest memory: Modern constructions stand peacefully side by side with remarkable monuments of the past. The indissoluble unity of the national economy is symbolized by the world-renowned sculpture of V. Mukhina, “The Worker and the Collective-Farm Women”. The 24-metre high figures, carrying hammers and sickles, portray the romance, enthusiasm and powerful impulse of the first Soviet five-year plans.
now it is one of the most popular places where people may walk and entertain. Almost all of the beautiful pavilions of VDNKh serve nowadays as the fair of low-guality goods of unknown origin.