During my first time in Moscow in summer 2005 I lived almost opposite to the mysterious House on the Embankment (Dom na Naberezhnoi).
It is a massive apartment building which is full of memorial plates. The house was built in the early 1930's and at that time it was the biggest residental building in Europe. Its luxury apartments were inhabited by important Soviet politicians, scientists and military officials.
About 700 residents became victims of Stalin's repressions; 300 of them were even shot. The building has its own museum dedicated to the famous people who lived there.
The House on the Embankment is situated on an island in the Moskva river. It stands almost opposite to the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Metro: Polyanka, Borovitskaya).
House on the Embankment, Serafimovicha Str. 2, Moscow
Three of Moscow's nine main train stations are located at Komsomolskaya Square, which is also known as the three stations square.
One of these three stations is Kazanskiy Station, which is for trains to south eastern destinations like Kazan, Ekaterinburg or even Tashkent.
The building was constructed after plans of Aleksey Shchusev who also designed the Lenin Mausoleum.
The construction started in 1913, but wasn't finished until 1940. Besides the spectacular architecture, the waiting halls for second and first class passengers are well worth seeing.
The massive glassy Ostankino Television centre played an important role in the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis.
On the night of October 3rd it was seized by parliamentary supporters of Boris Yeltsin. During the so called battle of Ostankino between pro- and anti-Yeltsin demonstrators more than 60 people died.
Another building which was involved in these "October events" is the White House. Please read my "Things to do" tips for more information.
The Ostankino TV centre is located near the Ostakino TV Tower in the northern suburb Ostankino. The nearest metro stop is VDNKh.
The Kuskovo mansion was built in the 1770 by the wealthy Sheremetev family. It is surrounded by gardens (not too well kept these days) and a huge park. The mansion rooms have been restored and are well worth a visit.
In the gardens you have different kind of buildings like the orangery and the grotto which is entirely decorated with shells. You have to buy a ticket for every single building/exhibition. The fees range from 50-200 Roubles.
Metro: Ryazansky Prospekt, then bus No. 133 or 208
This is not an absolute must see but if you are in Moscow for a longer period of time and you want to walk around a different area, you may consider coming here by metro to the station "Tsaritsyno" and then walk to this park where there is a museum and the ruins of a palace and some rebuilt buildings. There is a very posh and expensive restaurant on the grounds. The cafe was closed when I was there in Sep. 04.
Ostankino Estate located in the northern part of the Russian capital is one of the survived architectural monuments of the 18th century.
Ostankino first came into prominence in the 16th century when a boyar's mansion and a wooden church were built here. A stone church was built between 1687 and 1688 under the supervision of Pavel Potemkin, a serf architect. In the year 1743 a new owner- the Sheremetevs family decided to rebuild the estate completely, and the new building -should have all the amenities of a palace and include a theatre. The project was entrusted to a group of Italian architects, but the owner brought in his own serf architects, the latter completed the palace in 1798. The Ostankino Palace is extremely original and has no real parallels. It is generally based on the U-plan round a forecourt so widespread at the time. The lateral pavilions are connected with the central building by single-storey galleries accentuating the formality of the central porch with its domed roof. But from the side of the park where builders were normally to employ a more modest design, the building looks no less majestic, in no small measure due to the ten-column loggia-portico along the whole of the upper floor. Palace has the Egyptian Room, the Cerise Salon, the Picture Gallery and the Concert Hall, the Italian hall and the Theatre, easily convertible into a ball-room. It provides perhaps the most perfect overall impression of Moscow classicism and certainly shows off its great achievements to best advantage.
It was only natural that succeeding generations of architects should have often come under the influence of the palace at Ostankino.
Here played a famous Russian actress of the 18th century, Praskovya Kovalyova-Zhemchugova. Once a serf of the count N. I. Sheremetiev she became his wife despite a huge social gap between them.
We came to Kolomenskoje instead of the All Union Exhibition because it was closed some days before. But I liked Kolomenskoje too.
Unfortuneatly we had not such a good weather but the church looks really interesting covered with snow ...
Just click on the picture to see the great details of the church .....
I have changed the picture into black and white because I like this more than the coloured version.
There are some more interesting churches within this area. Just walk around and look out for them.
I really have to say that I liked the churches with the domes and the snow and the (lousy) weather made like in a russian fairy tale.
(Moscow is one my list of places I would like to visit again.)
Melikhovo is a lovely day trip destination in Summer. It's about an hour and a half's journey outside Moscow and beautifully set in lovely gardens. Chekhov bought the estate in 1892 and wrote two of his most famous plays (Uncle Vanya and The Seagull) here - there is a picturesque small house in the gardens which he used as a place to write. You can visit the main house where Chekhov lived with his family and also a small doctor's surgery where he treated patients. There is a theartre festival here in May and various exhibitions throughout the year. Entrance tickets cost 40 rubles (or did when we visited in 2011).
To get there, you will need to take the suburban train (elektrichka) from Kursky Vokzal (Station) or from Tsaritsyno (as the metro is much quicker than the elektrichka, this is a faster option) and go to Chekhov (24 stops from Kursky or 16 from Tsaritsyno) and then at Chekhov you can get the number 25 bus to Melikhovo (takes about 20 minutes).
The author of the photo is anouchka
The house in the background was exclusive in one's time. It passed by the name of “writer’s”. Deserved soviet writer’s families were living there in the time of Stalin. Then most deserved writers moved to new and more exclusive houses. And “writer’s” houses had fallen into decay, but some things still freshen up memory: old books, old furniture, and smack of old cats. The old man who is on a balcony perhaps is a son of Stalin laureate who was famous in one’s time and forgotten now.
It’s worth visiting! This museum is not actually off-beaten track, it is within Moscow but a bit far away from the city center.
Brief history: It’s one of the top among Russian estates. Its was formed during several centuries and got its final look during the count Sheremetiev N.P. in XVIII-XIX cent. The internal decoration of the palace almost hasn’t been changed. Chandeliers, furniture and other pieces are at their original places.
Ostankino palace is the only one theatrical building of XVIII cent., which retained the stage, auditorium, make-up rooms and part of the stage mechanisms.
Best collections: - one of the best glued-laminated parquets, - unique collection of carved gilded furniture (847 pieces), - unique collection of fans (272 pieces), - precious collection of china (1687 pieces), - precious collection of architectural drawings (898 pieces)
Address: 1st Ostankinskaya str., 9; tel. 286-6288, 283-4645; metro station “VDNKh” then trams #11 or 17. The direction of Ostankino TV center and Ostankino TV tower, just a few stops off the metro.
Open: The museum is opened from May, 19 till October,1 (except Mondays and Tuesdays).
Working hrs: 10.00-18.00, ticket booth opened till 17.00. During raining or when humidity exceeds 80% the museum is closed.
This is an unfinished residence of the Empress Catherine II, represents an ensemble of pavilions and palaces, which comprises the architectural styles of classicism, old Russian and pseudogothic. The ensemble consists of: The Big Palace, The Small Palace, 'Opera House', 'Cavalry school', 'Bread Gates', bridges. Since 1998 a lot of musical performances are held in 'Opera House'.
Address: Dol'skaya street, 1; tel. 321-0743, 325-4544; nearest metro 'Tsaritsino' or 'Orekhovo'
We took a day trip one day to KOLOMENSKOYE..on a bluff in a bend on the Moscow River its 10 minutes from the kolomenskoe metro stop...St John the Baptist Church(built for ivan the terrible)...KAZAN CHURCH...Peter the Great's wooden cabin..ST Georges Belltower...all quailty stuff...and a great view of the Moscow River.It is well worth the trip to the outskirts.
Kolomenskoye - former hunting grounds of the czar. There are a couple of churches - a newish one (still active) with onion domes that look like the sky, and older one modeled on the style of the wooden churches (pictured), and another if you hike further in the woods with an interesting churchyard. Also old wooden buildings. Sit on the hillside and comtemplate the view of the Moskva (Moscow) river and the city beyond. Some art is sold here by local artists. At the metro station of the same name (Kolomenskaya).
See http://www.museum.ru/Kolomen/Defengl.htm for more.
Donskoy Monastery is a major monastery in Moscow, founded in 1591 in commemoration of Moscow's deliverance from an imminent threat of Khan Kazy-Girey’s invasion. Commanding a highway to the Crimea, the monastery was intended to defend southern approaches to the Moscow Kremlin.
The monastery was built on the spot where Boris Godunov’s mobile fortress and Sergey Radonezsky’s field church with Theophan Greek’s Icon Our Lady of the Don had been located. Lgend has it that Dmitry Donskoy had taken this icon with him to the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. The Tatars left without a fight and were defeated during their retreat.
To see the main relic of the Donskoy monastery - Theophan Greek’s Icon Our Lady of the Don possible in the iconostasis the Great cathedral of the Monastery.
An old necropolis in the south-eastern part of the Monastery is remarkable for its ornate tombs, executed by some of the best Russian sculptors. They mark the graves of the historians Shcerbatov and Vasily Klyuchevsky, the critic Vladimir Odoyevsky, the architect Osip Bove, the painter Vasily Perov, the courtier Alexander Dmitriev-Mamonov, the actress Faina Ranevskaya, the general Anton Denikin, and the aviator Nikolay Zhukovsky. Some of the tombs were transferred by Soviet authorities to the Tretyakov Gallery, where no one can see them now.
Alexandre Solzhenitsyn also found his earth – house at necropolis of the Donskoy Monastery.
The nearest metro station to the Monastery is Shabolovskaya ( Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line)