Cathedral Square, Moscow
The Cathedral Square is the oldest part of the Kremlin. I visited it many-many times. Last time it happened in March of 2015.
The composition of the square is unusually ceremonial and picturesque. It is surrounded by cathedrals, each of which is a masterpiece of Old-Russian architecture. On the south side, adjoining the Great Kremlin Palace, there is the Cathedral of the Annunciation.To the right (west) of it this is the Cathedral of Archangel Michael, the only one of the Kremlin cathedrals to have silver domes (though the central dome has recently been gilded).
Next to this rises the Kremlin's tallest building, the Ivan the Great Bell-Tower, at the foot of which there is the world's larges tbell, the Tsar Bell. On the north side of the square, set back a little, stands the former Patriarch's Palace with the Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles. Another great tourist attraction, the Tsar Canon, is not far from this cathedral. Also on the north side of the square is the Cathedral of the Dormition, in which the tsars were crowned. To the left of this is the Churchof the Deposition of the Robe. Between this church and the Palace of the Facets to the west, the east wall of the Terem Palace extends.
The main streets of the Kremlin meet here, and formerly magnificent festive ceremonies took place on this square. Cathedral Square was originally formed at the beginning of 14th century, in the reign of Ivan Kalita. Since the great building and rebuilding operations of 1475 to about 1530, it has been the social and political centre of the Kremlin, and thus of Moscow.
You can watch my 4 min 16 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Cathedral Square part 1 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.
Visiting one of the city churches and cathedrals of the old Russian Orthodox architecture is always a must for foreign visitors of the capital I think.
Cathedral Square (“Spobornaya Ploshchad” in Russian) is the main Kremlin’s square. In fact, it’s one of the ancient city squares. It appeared in early 14th century when construction of the first stone houses began. Here you can see several old cathedrals: Assumption Cathedral, Annunciation Cathedral, Archangel Cathedral, belfry of Ivan the Great, Faceted Chamber, and other monuments of old Russian architecture. The square was covered with slabs made of strong sandstone. The ancient stones were removed under Stalin in 1932 and the square was asphalted. In 1955, when the ruling Communist party kindly opened the Kremlin to the public and allowed public sightseeing there, the asphalt was removed and replaced by previous stone pavement.
The Cathedral Square is located in the Moscow Kremlin.
In the square stood the Cathedral of the Dormition, the Archangel Cathedral, Faceted Chambers, Cathedral of Annunciation, Ivan the Great Bell Tower. These are the one I saw and took photograph.
Today the Cathedral Square is used for inauguration ceremony of the President of Russia.
In the past it was used for important ceremony like coronation of the Tsars, religious festival, and funeral processions of all the Russian tsars and other aristocrat dignitaries.
Cathedral Square is appropriatly the square that lines all the cathedrals and the bell tower, right in the heart of the Kremlin. In my eyes this is one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow not only filled with history but also with charm.
Cathedral Square, as the name suggests, is surrounded by some magnificent buildings:
Assumption Cathedral, built between 1475 and1479, is the burial ground for the heads of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Church of of the Deposition of the Robe built between 1484 and 1486 was the private chapel of the Patriachs.
Ivan the Great Bell Tower(1508-1642) is, with 81m,the tallest building of the Kremlin.
Archangel Cathedral(1505-1508) was the coronation, wedding and burial (until the capital was moved to St. Petersburg)church of the Russian tsars.
Annunciation Cathedral(1484-1489) was the private chapel of the royal families.
You can visit all the cathedrals on one ticket which is sold for 300 Roubles at the ticket booths in front of the entrance to the kremlin.
Visiting times: 10am to 5pm daily except Thursdays
The Kremlin has been the political, spiritual and cultural centre of Russia for most of its history ~ the golden-domed cathedrals and churches though, are not at all what my mother envisioned when we discussed visiting. In her childhood memories of the distant Soviet Union, the Kremlin was the dark and dreary centre of a cold-hearted, industrial city. Therefore, as our visit to the Kremlin revealed such surprising beauty, it has won a place as my mother's favourite memory from the trip.
The view here is of Cathedral Square, the Kremlin's main square, which was formed in the 15th and 16th centuries. It was the setting for coronations, receptions, and even theatrical events. Despite its importance, and Lenin's attempted protection of the buildings, Stalin still succeeded in destroying two churches, a palace and a monastery.
What remains though is arguably the most captivating sight of a visit to Russia.
SOBORNAYA (CATHERDRAL) SQUARE is the heart of Moscow Kremlin. Architectural ensemble of the Square with FOUR CATHEDRALS standing along its perimeter was created by the order of Ivan Kalita, the Grand Prince of Moscow. However, the ancient cathedrals, which had been built here, don't exist any longer. Instead, by the end of the 15th century and in the beginning of the 16th century other, new cathedrals were built.
USPENSKY (CATHEDRAL OF THE DORMITION / ASSUMPTION)
is the largest and the most historic of the cathedrals in the Kremlin. Here princes, grand princes and tsars were crowned by the Metropolitan or Patriarch; here Metropolitans and Patriarchs were enthroned and buried, and here many a chapter in the history of Moscow and of Russia began or was concluded. From its completion in 1479 until the 17th century, it provided an unmatchable model for all cathedral - building in Russia.
This place is inside the Kremlin's Palace. It houses 6 buildings, including 3 enormous cathedrals:
- TheAssumption Cathedral (Cathedral of the Dormition)
- The Archangel Cathedral
- Ivan the Great Bell Tower
A real mustsituated near the more famous Red Square, in the Kremlin, dating back to 14C century, the the rule of Dmitrij Donskoj. What you really have to see when you reach the square are the following things:
The Cathedral of Assumption (Uspenskij sobor): it has major Italian stylistic influence, as it was commissioned to Fioravanti, one of the Italian architects. There are lots of things to see inside, especially the thrones of czars (the central point of interest is the throne of Ivan IV the Terrible) and patriarchs, frescoes, and chandeliers. ************
Cathedral Church of St. Michael the Archangel(Arhangelskij Sobor): a place to visit for those interested in the Russian history and the history of Russian art as well. You could see an icon depicting St. Michael the Archangel (patron Saint of the princes of Moscow) painted by masters from the school of Andrej Rublev (or possibly by Rublev himself) and the graves of Ivan the Terrible, his sons, and the Emperor Peter II, who died after spending just several years on the throne. **************** Cathedral Church of the Annunciation (Blagoveshchenskij Sobor): once it was the private church to the princes of Moscow. Pay attention to the frescoes inside.