KGB Headquarters Lubyanka, Moscow
The Lubyanka building was built in 1897 as the head office of Russia's insurance company. In 1918 it was taken over by the Bolscheviks and served as the headquarter of the secret police KGB and a prison.
Nowadays the building houses the FSB (Federal Security Service) and a KGB Museum, which can only be visited with guided tours.
The Lubyanka is located in Moscow's city centre at Lubyanskaya ploshchad (Metro: Lubyanka).
the former KGB headquarters located on lubyanka square in central moscow was home to the soviet secret police. founded by feliks "iron feliks" dzerzhinskiy the KGB was originally named the cheka. under this building was the infamous lubyanka prison were hundreds of thousands of russians were interrogated, tortured and imprisoned. during the stalin era millions of russians were sent to gulags and many of them passed through this building. this infamous site is not open to the public.
In front of the KGB headquarters in Lubyanka was a black statue commemorating the much hated founder of the KGB "Iron Felix". In 1991, this statue was toppled (it now resides in the "graveyard of fallen monuments".
This picture shows a Cossack protest shortly after Iron Felix came down. They wanted the statue replaced by a cross to commemorate the many Russians who were killed inside the KGB headquarters.
The large yellow building dominating Lubyanskaya Place is the Ex-KGB headquarters, now used for the FSB. Despite the apparent new openness of the FSB, this building has no signs or markings that indicate it is used for the FSB, or was used for the KGB. Nevertheless, the amount of security, designs on the building, and stories on the internet indicate that it is.
The KGB headquarters in Lubyanka is still a building hated by the Russians. No big surprise, as it terrorised them for many years, and many a Russian was shot in the back of the head inside its doors.
Indeed the Russian Secret Police are still based here today, but these days are called the FSK.
A fascinating place. We took a guided tour through the Sheraton Hotel Concierge. It was worth every penny. Spy stuff, captured US spy gear, all kinds of neato, keno jet stuff that you have only read about is on display here. The guide is a retired KGB agent and he does have some stories to tell.
If you have read any books about US Navy operations in Russian waters you will recognize some of the items on display. They have the actual listening device they used to tap the phone cables between tha mainland of Russia and the Kamchatka peninsula. This particular episode is chronicled in the book "Blind Man's Bluff".
I was stoked by this visit. 20 years ago you had to be a secret agent who was arrested to get in here.
NO PHOTOS ALLOWED
Lubyanskaya Ploschad at New Year Eve.
You can see building of "Children's World" store. KGB building is on the right.
Photo by Sergei Karpenko
Located on Lubyanka Square, the former KGB headquarters were long a source of fear for Soviet citizens. They were used as the location of secret operations since the time of Catherine the Great. During Stalin's regime, an extra wing had to be added to hold some of the hundreds of thousands who were imprisoned, interrogated and killed.
It is still home to the Russian intelligence services today, but tours can be arranged through Patrirashy Dom (see website below), if you're in town at the right time.
Lubyanka Square in downtown Moscow is the site of the site of the Lubyanka head-quarters of the KGB.
The center of the square was dominated centre by a statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the first communist secret police, the CheKa. Like many others, the statue was removed in August 1991.
The Lubyanka actually consists of three buildings:
The main yellow building, which is often shown on television, predates the Revolution and was taken over by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Containing the Lubyanka prison, this building is now the headquarters of the Border Troops, and it also contains a single Federal Security Service (FSB) Directorate.
The Federal Security Service headquarters building is the gray one to left side, No. 1/3.
Since 1984 (when KGB chief Yuri Andropov became chairman of the Communist Party and decided to improve the KGB's public image) tourists have been able to visit a KGB museum in a gray stone building behind the Lubyanka.
And since the Soviet collapse in 1991, Russia's intelligence agencies have tried to create an impression of openness, giving guided tours through the yellow Lubyanka.
The new KGB Museum, which is open to the public, is housed in the Lubyanka building.
The ex KGB building at Lubjanka is still the home of the organisation that succeeded the KGB, a move which sparked a lot of controversy. Due to its notoriety, there is still a constant stream of visitors to see the facade of the building, although there is no way of entering the building for tourists. It has become a monument unwittingly, representing the oppression and brutality of the KGB regime from the Soviet era. Worth doing en route somewhere else but not really a sight of merit in its own right otherwise.
The Lubyanka is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow. It is a large building with a facade of yellow brick, designed by Alexander V. Ivanov in 1897 and augmented by Aleksey Shchusev in 1940-1947.
The Lubyanka was originally built in 1898 as the Neo-Baroque headquarters of the All-Russia Insurance Company, noted for its beautiful parquet floors and pale green walls. Denying its massiveness, the edifice avoids an impression of heroic scale: isolated Palladian and Baroque details, such as the minute pediments over the corner bays and the central loggia, are lost in an endlessly-repeating classicizing palace facade, where three bands of cornices emphasize the horizontal lines. A clock is centered in the uppermost band of the facade.
Following the Bolshevik Revolution, the structure was seized by the government for the headquarters of the secret police, then called the Cheka. In Soviet Russian jokes it was referred to as the tallest building in Moscow, since Siberia could be seen from its basement.
They seem to happen a lot, especially in September, this one was outside the Lubyanka - former headquarters of the KGB. The pictures tell the story.
I came across this randomly whilst walking about the city.
If your in Moscow and somewhat fascinated by the legacy of the Soviet Union and the secret police that went with it, responsible for countless mass murders and purges of the Russian State then the Lubyanka is well worth a visit. Although visits inside are not allowed as it remains a government building, its impressive and somewhat oppressive as you wander around the outside and try to picture what must have gone under Stalin.
This is where James Bond movies come alive. One of my favorite tours in Moscow, this museum displays propaganda, spy toys and former classified documents galore. See a pen that shots on the third click and even talk to a former KGB/now FSB official. You must hire a private tour of the headquarters, but at $12 a head including admission, it's worth it.
Lubyanka is about 30 min walk from Red Square and the walk can easy take you via the most impressive Bolshoi Ballet which is housed in a very ornate building which opened its doors in 1825.The Lubyanka is outstanding, partly due to its size, but also for its dark history. Conducted tours can now be arranged to view inside this notorius place and a useful contact for these are as the following website