Kolomenskoe Estate, Moscow
Kolomenskoye (Russian: Коло́менское) is a former royal estate situated several miles to the south-east of Moscow downtown, on the ancient road leading to the town of Kolomna (hence the name). The scenic area which overlooks the steep banks of the Moskva River became a part of Moscow in the 1960s.Kolomenskoye village was first mentioned in the testament of Ivan Kalita (1339). As the time went by, the village was developed as a favourite country estate of grand princes of Muscovy. The earliest extant structure is the exceptional Ascension church (1532), built in white stone to commemorate the long-awaited birth of an heir to the throne, the future Ivan the Terrible. Being the first stone church of tent-like variety, the uncanonical "White Column" (as it is sometimes referred to) marked a stunning rupture with the Byzantine tradition.
The church stands up toward the sky from a low cross-shaped podklet (ground floor), then follows a prolonged chetverik (octagonal body) of the church, and then an octagonal tent, crowned by a tiny dome. The narrow pilasters on the sides of the chetverik, the arrow-shaped window frames, the three tiers of the kokoshniks and the quiet rhythm of stair arcades and open galleries underline the dynamic tendency of this masterpiece of the Russian architecture. The whole vertical composition is believed to have been borrowed from hipped roof-style wooden churches of the Russian North. Recognizing its outstanding value for humanity, UNESCO decided to inscribe the church on the World Heritage List in 1994.The estate has another church that is Church of our lady of Kazan (1660).We happened to attend a service,the inside of the church is very beautiful and gorgeous! On the right side of the church is a fresco of Jesus-child entering the temple and on the left Christ blessing little children. Extremly beautiful view!
Very nice and big park in south-eastern Moscow.
While the wooden palace that existed here was demolished already in the 18th century, you will find there the Church of the Ascension inscribed on Unesco heritage list and built in 1532. It is remarkably simple compared to other churches at least on the exterior. (It was under renovation during our visit).
You have there also Church of Our Lady of Kazan (on the photo), built in 1650 and other stone buildings like gates. In the Front gate you will find a museum (situated in the center of the complex - it was the entrance gate to the demolished palace).
And in the park is the museum of wooden architecture, including the cabin of Peter the Great brought from Arkhangelsk and other wooden buildings brought from all over Russia.
This is one of the most historic places in Moscow, and is on the UNESCO world heritage list.
It is a former royal estate where Tzar Ivan IV grew up. A wooden royal palace built in the XVII century was called by those privileged to witness it as the "eighth wonder of the world". Unfortunately, it has not survived. However, you can still see the ancient gates, the XVII century church of the Image of the Virgin of Kazan, built by Tzar Alexey in memory of liberation from Poland, the XVI century church of the Ascension and the XVI century church of St John the Baptist, erected by Tzar Ivan IV to celebrate his coronation and believed to be designed by Postnik Yakovlev, the architect of the St Basil cathedral on Red Square.
In the XX century the site was turned into a park with several wooden structures brought here as museum pieces. The entrance into the park is free!
Kolomenskoe is an old royal country seat just a short way from the city centre. You find some beautiful churches, old houses and a museum surrounded by parlands next to the Moskva river.
Kolomenskoe in a Unesco World Heritage Site.
In 1621 suddenly near the gates of Tsar`s Palace not great detachment of Tatar riders has appeared . They immediately were taken prisoner by streletses. All of them testified that they are warriors of Develet-Girey Khan , whose army wanted to seize Moscow in 1571 , but was beaten and divided on the small groups. Runnig away from pursuit , their detachment came down to the misty ravine , hoping to waiting over the chaise. They left the ravine after a few minutes and found yourselves in 50 years ahead.
Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich ordered to prosecute an inquiry , and it displayed that Tatars didn`t lie most likely.
Even their weapon and equipment were just like not according to 1621 , but older roughly on 50 years...
In 1810 , two peasants of Sadovniki village, Arkhip Kuz`min and Ivan Bochkariov , returning home from Diakovo village, decided to make their way shorter and went through the Volosov ravine... There was a dense mist on it`s bottom . Walked between Deviy and Goos` stones , they suddenly plunged into this greenish mist and then... met strange hairy creatures which said that peasants found themselves in temporal gap and it will be very difficult to get them back , but they will do their best...
And then these two poor peasants have appeared on the same place , but in 1831.
Some still living people from their village knew them again...
Afterwards , during policemen experiment , one of them dissapeared without leaving a trace before their eyes , and other one has been depressed an soon commited suicide...
If you get a chance - take a trip out to Kolomenskoye. A former royal estate about 10km south of the centre and situated on a bluff overlooking the Moskva River. Once a favoured country retreat of the Tsars it's now preserved as an architectural museum and is home to, amongst others, the Church of the Ascension, built to celebrate the birth of Tsar Ivan IV (the Terrible) and the beautiful Kazan Church. Part of the estate is also a museum for wooden architecture including Peter the Great's cabin. Apart from the architecture - Kolomenskoe is set in a wooded park which is great for wandering around and getting away from the hustle & bustle of Moscow. Beautiful in all seasons!
Great place in Moscow for a day (or a half-day) trip. The good thing is that it doesn't take many time to get to Kolomenskoe as it's inside the city, not far from the metro station.
Place is good both for those who like or looking for Russian historical places and for those who'd like to have a rest from the busy city life in a green park.
Regretfully, the main and the most impressive church of Kolomenskoe was restoring during my last visit (September, 2004), so, the picture contains not the best possible view of Kolomenskoe.
Find some more pictures from Kolomenskoe in my travelogue.
Kolomenskoe sits right on the high hill on Moscow river.
Peter the Great has his little house there.
Very unusual architecture. Working church.
Festivals. Russian traditional food in old style wooden houses - cafes.
This is a great place to go for a day trip (or even a 1/2 day), especially if you have a nice sunny day. We had a rather overcast day but the rain held off and we enjoyed a nice walk through the park.
We found that the museum was closed even though we were there during posted hours. But the grounds are free and open every day.
See my travelogue for more photos and descriptions of the buildings here.
This park is a collection of buildings both original to the sight and brought here from other parts of Russia. Included is Peter the Great's house that he lived in while learning to sail so that he could set up Russia's first Navy.