Kremlin, Moscow

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    the Dormition Cathedral
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  • Armoury
    Armoury
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
  • Armoury
    Armoury
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
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    Kremlin Armoury

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 16, 2015

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    Kremlin Armoury is the oldest museum in Russia and one of the richest. Although the Armoury has for centuries been a museum, it still retains its old name. Here, in the time of the princes, grand princes and tsars, arm and armour were made and stored. The collection dates from the time of Ivan the Great and Ivan the Terrible.
    The heyday of the Armoury was in the second half of the 17th century. In 1654, Bogdan Khitrov was appointed director, and under his management the most talented craftsmen and painters in the old Russian art centers (Yaroslavl, Ustyug, Uglich, etc.) were summoned to Moscow to the work in the Armoury.
    The present Armoury building, in pseudo-Russian style, with features borrowed from Naryshkin Baroque, was erected between 1844 and 1851. It is in architectural harmony with the Great Kremlin Palace, also designed by Thon and Chichagov. Among the treasures of the Armouryare the crown jewels and coronation insignia of the tsars, historic armsand armour, costumes and furnishings, icons and manuscripts, coaches, sleighs, state carriages, object d'art and much else besides.

    You can watch my
    6 min 20 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Armory slideshow part 1 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.
    1 min 43 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Armory slideshow part 2 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Trinity Tower

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 14, 2015

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    The seven-storey Trinity Tower, the tallest of the Kremlin towers and the counterparton the west side of the Saviour Toweron the east, was built between 1495 and 1499 by the architect Alevis Fryazin the Elder. This is the last defensive structure to be built on the Neglinnaya River side of the Kremlin. It got its present name much later, in 1658, from the nearby hostelry of the Trinity Monastery of St.Sergius. Before that, it had several different names (Epiphany, Deposition,and Sign).
    Like the Saviour Tower, the Trinity Tower has double walls. It has six floors and two-storey cellars originally used for military purposesand later as a state prison. In 1685, a multi-tiered section with a bricktent roof like that of the Saviour Tower was added. The details of thedecor have much in common with the latter. The ruby star was installedin 1937. The height of the tower (with the star) is 80 metres (262 ft).There is documented evidence that in 1585 the tower had a clock, but it was damaged in 1812 during Napoleon's invasion, and not restored. The present clock was added during recent restoration work carried out in the Kremlin in the 1970s. The Trinity Gate was the second most important after the Saviour Gate. It led to the Patriarch's Court and the chambers of the tsariza and tsarevnas. It was through this gate that Napoleon's soldiers entered the Kremlin and later beat a hasty retreat in 1812.

    You can watch my 2 min 21 sec Video Moscow Troitsky Bridge to Kremlin out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Taynitsky Garden

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 14, 2015

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    If you got tired of the Cathedrals you may have a rest in Taynitsky Garden. It is an unique park located within the walls of the Moscow Kremlin along the Moskva River. The park is named after the Taynitskaya Tower in the Kremlin Wall and is part of the portion of the Kremlin which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    You can watch my 5 min 42 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Tainitsky Garden out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Open Air Army Museum at Arsenal

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 14, 2015

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    The Arsenal was given its present aspect between 1815 and 1828, after the French attempts to blow up the Kremlin before abandoning Moscow made radical rebuilding necessary. The work was begun under the direction of Osip I.Bove, who erected a plain Neo-classical building, with wings laid out in trapezoid form rounda pentagonal central courtyard. The Baroque portico was added by Dmitry V. Ukhtomsky.
    After the rebuilding it was intended that the Arsenal would be used as an army museum: hence the 875 cannon lining the outside walls.The stucco reliefs of military trophies on the walls reflect the same intention.

    You can watch my 3 min 51 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Arsenal slideshow out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Arsenal

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 12, 2015

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    The Arsenal was built between 1702 and 1736, with some interruptions in the work, on the site of the Granary, which burned down in 1701. The general plan of the building was sketched out by Peter the Great himself; the architects were Dmitry Ivanov, Christoph Konrad and others.
    The Arsenal was partly destroyed by fire in 1737, and was reconstructed in 1786-96 by the engineer Gerard under the supervision of the architect Kazakov.

    You can watch my 3 min 52 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Arsenal slideshow out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Ivanovskaya Square

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 12, 2015

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    When enter the Kremlin you will see Ivanovskaya Square which is the largest Kremlin square. Its name comes from the Ivan the Great Bell Tower. Today the square is cobbled like most of the territory of the Kremlin. It offers a view of one of the three corners of the Kremlin Senate and the facade of the Presidium one of the Kremlin’s administrative blocks. Now it is under the recostruction.

    You can watch my 4 min 24 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Arsenal and Ivanovskaya Square out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Residence of the President of Russia

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 11, 2015

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    This building was erected in 1932-34, designed by the architect Ivan Rerberg, for use as government offices. Its proportions and the style of the facade, as well as the building's colour scheme, are in tune with the classicalstyle of the nearby building of the former USSR Council of Ministers (the Senate Building).
    This building also housed the Kremlin Theatre. A team of architects led by Mikhail Posokhin again considerably reconstructed the building. Now it is the Residence of the President of Russia.

    You can watch my 4 min 24 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Arsenal and Ivanovskaya Square out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Palace of Facets

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 11, 2015

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    The Palace of Facets is the oldest secular building, not only in the Kremlinbut in the whole of Moscow. Built in 1487-91 by MarcoRuffo and Pietro Antonio Solari, it is the only part of the huge complex constituted by the Great Kremlin Palace, the Terem Palace and associated buildings which has been almost completely preserved inits original form. The name of the palace, which is almost exactly squarein plan, comes from the faceted limestone blocks which pattern the mainfront - a form of rustication which originated in the Early Italian Renaissance.
    The Palace of Facets is a large chamber with high grained vaults restingon a thick central rectangular pillar. Its area is 495 square metres andits height is 9 metres. Murals were painted for the first time in the late16th century. In 1882 the Palekh painters, the Belousov brothers, restored the murals of the Palace of Facets from the copies made 200 years previouslyby Simon Ushakov. The Palace of Facets served as the tsar's audience chamberand banqueting hall.

    You can watch my 4 min 16 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Cathedral Square part 1 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Borovitskaya Tower

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 11, 2015

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    The Borovitskaya Tower (former Predtechenskaya, the Precursor's) is a corner tower with a through-passage on the west side of the Kremlin. It was named after the grove («bor» in Russian) that covered this side of the hill - one of the seven hills Moscow is standing on. The tower was constructed in 1490 on the spot of an old Kremlin gate by Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari by order of Vasili III of Russia.

    You can watch my 5 min 42 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Tainitsky Garden out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    The Terem Churches

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 10, 2015

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    The Moscow Kremlin was the seat of the Russian tsars from the days of old. In the 15th - 17th centuries, the ensemble of the royal palace with privychambers, state apartments and splendid churches that were private chapelsof the royal family was built on its grounds. The finest Russian masterscreated for the tsars artistic works which are now regarded as unique specimensof not only Russian, but also European, art.
    All the churches that have survived date from the 17th century, the time whenbecame established on the Russian throne. A particularly significant placein the palatial ensemble was occupied by the Upper Cathedral of the Saviour,the main royal domestic chapel. Placed in its carved iconostasis, gleamingwith gilt, are icons produced by leading masters of the royal workshopsunder the supervision of Fyodor Zubov.

    You can watch my 3 min 35 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Cathedral Square part 2 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    Patriarch's Palace and Twelve Apostles' Church

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 10, 2015

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    The Patriarch's palace and Twelve Apostles' Church is a unique monument of civil and religious purpose in the middle of XVII century. The palace occupies the territory of northern part of the Cathedral square. Personal apartments of the Moscow metropolitans and patriarches were under construction traditionally on this place. The important stage in history of the Palace is connected with a name of patriarch Nikon. In the middle of XVII century he begins reorganization of the residence which in sizes and luxury did not concede to an imperial palace of Alexey Mihajlovich.

    The three-storey palace of the reforming patriarch Nikon, with the Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles which served as his private chapel, now houses the Museum of 17th Century Russian Art and Culture.

    Erected in 1653-56, thebuilding reflects Nikon's objection to the tent roof as reminiscent ofsecular building, and his dislike of the Old Russian or "fairy-tale"style. Like the Cathedral of the Dormition, it is a compact mass on a high base, with a cruciform plan and five domes.

    You can watch my 3 min 10 sec Video Moscow Kremlin Cathedrals and their bells part 1 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.

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    The Archangel's Cathedral

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 9, 2015

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    The Archangel's Cathedral is a tomb of Grand dukes and Tsars. I visited it many times from my childhood. Last time it happened in March of 2015.
    Here all the Russian princes, grandprinces and tsars from Ivan Kalita onwards had their last resting-place (with the exceptionof Boris Godunov, who, with his wife, is buried inthe Monastery of the Trinity at Sergiev Posad).

    It was built in 1505-1508 by Alevis Novi. Earlier on this place there was a church of XII century, devoted to Archangel Michael who is considered the patron of Russian Tsars in military affairs. In 1333 at Ivan Kalita the first stone church has been constructed. Traditional forms and the plan of Russian five-domed temple are combined with features of the Venetian architecture of Renaissance in architectural shape of the Cathedral.

    Unfortunately it's forbidden to take video and photo inside. Only a few from me, including the Tomb of Dmitry Donskoy.

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    Moscow Kremlin Museums

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Mar 9, 2015

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    I visited Moscow Kremlin Museums many-many times. Last time it happened on 8th of 2015. It was an early morning at 9.30 when I was already at the ticket-office. That's why I was among the first visitors in the Armory.

    Opening hours from 10:00 to 17:00
    Ticket offices are open from 9:30 to 16:30
    Day off - Thursday

    The ticket for visiting the architectural complex of the Cathedral Square allows free access to the museums-cathedrals, the Church of Laying Our Lady’s Holy Robe, the Patriarch's Palace, museum's permanent expositions:
    "Russian wooden sculpture" in the cloister of the Church of Laying Our Lady's Holy Robe,
    "Treasures and antiquities of the Moscow Kremlin" in the Annunciation Cathedral,
    "Ancention convent" in the South annex of the Archangel's Cathedral.
    Full ticket price for visiting the architectural complex (no discounts) — 350 rub. As for me as a Russian pensioner it cost 150 rub.

    Exhibit sessions in the Armoury Chamber start at 10.00, 12.00, 14.30 and 16.30.
    Full ticket price for visiting the Armoury Chamber (no discounts) - 700 rub. As for me as a Russian pensioner it cost 300 rub.

    Unfortunately amateur photography and videotaping in the museums-cathedrals are not permitted.

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    Czar Cannon

    by hunterV Updated Oct 6, 2014

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    Visiting the Kremlin you will see the Czar Cannon, one of the masterpieces of Russian craftsmen.
    During the Kremlin tour we were told that the cannon had never fired a single shot.
    It is a masterpiece of the Russian art.
    The Czar Bell was cast in 1733-1735 by Ivan Motorin, an outstanding Russian iron caster, and his son Mikhail in Moscow at Ivan the Great belfry.
    It’s the world’s biggest bell unparalleled in its beauty and wright. Thee bell weighs more than 200 tons. Its crack weighs 11.5 tons. The height of the Czar Bell is 6.14 m and its diameter is 6.6 m. The alloy consists of several materials: 84.51% copper, 13.21% tin; 1.25% sulphurum, 1.03% other additives (zinc, arsenium, etc).
    The iron casters also used copper from an old broken bell dating back to the 17th century.
    During the so-called Trinity Fire of 1737, when almost the entire Moscow and the Kremlin burnt down, a lot of cracks appeared on the bell that had remained in its “workshop position” in the cast pit. What’s more, and one big piece cracked off the bell. Clumsy actions of illiterate peasants, who performed as fire fighters, were the reason of that damage. They extinguished the fire in the Kremlin too quickly and the bell cooled down unevenly. The bell remained in the cast pit for about a hundred years after that disaster. The bell was only lifted from the cast pit in 1836.
    The bell surface is adorned with bas-reliefs of Czar Alexey Mikhailovich (the first one in the Romanov dynasty) and Czarina Anna Ivanovna (the ruling empress then) as well as five icons and two inscriptions narrating about the history of the bell. One inscription reads, “This bell was cast with the use of the previous bell weighing 8,000 pounds that had been broken by the fire, with addition of the materials of 2,000 pounds in 1733”.
    (A Russian pound equals 16.3 kg).

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    The Kremlin - Historic and All Powerful

    by Chinggis_n_Borte Written May 3, 2014

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    The official website of the Kremlin is: http://www.kreml.ru/en/

    The website gives details about different exhibitions at various museums in the Kremlin, and information about entry times and ticket prices. There is historical information on the website too.

    The Kremlin, Russia’s seat of power, is much more than a place of government. It is an historic place of much significance, and it has many relics and artefacts.

    The Kremlin was originally founded and connected to Tsarist rule. Tsars and Tsarinas were coronated there. It is a very large complex. And now, of course there are no Tsars (but one may debate that the current leader is like a Tsar or a dictator) but it is the seat of power for the Russian government, and for a long time, the Kremlin had and has had much power and influence in the world.

    Inside the red Kremlin walls are several cathedrals and Orthodox churches with exuberant and shiny golden domes, and there are also exhibitions about the Tsars' and Tsarinas' clothing or coronation. There is an armoury. There are cannons. There are immaculate gardens.

    There are many police and guards driving around and patrolling the grounds. There are also helicopter helipads, and we witnessed the landing and the taking-off of two helicopters from the Kremlin’s helipad.

    I found it quite contradictory and very interesting that the Communist party chose to use the Kremlin as their seat of government, which has cathedrals and Tsarist history, both anathemas to the Communist ideology, instead of breaking with the past they revolted against in 1917.

    The Communists assassinated the last Tsar Nicholas II and his wife and children (The Romanovs) but now, Tsarist artefacts and history are almost celebrated, and the Russian government makes money from tourists, Russians and foreigners alike, who visit the Tsarist palaces, museums and churches, in mass numbers, looking at remnants of the opulent Tsarist past. It seems a bit like “blood money”.

    And what at first blush seems like another amazing contradiction is that within the Kremlin grounds, symbols of religion are mixed with symbols of war. There are churches, a giant cannon, and an armoury.

    Upon further reflection, I guess people have been involved in wars in the name of religions for centuries. So weapons and church bells may not be such a strange combination after all.

    And in Monarchist regimes across Europe, and in Vatican history, religion and state were intertwined.

    So mixing cannons with church bells may not be or have seemed unusual at all.

    People whole heartedly believed the King, Emperor or Tsar was in power according to Divine Right, and that it was their station in life to be King, Emperor or Tsar, and for the peasants to be peasants and to pay tithes to their local parish, and not to question the status quo.

    The churches had their own armies and tracts of land.

    Churches wielded immense power and had incredible wealth. And few people questioned it.

    The website has good information about the exhibitions. Check their information for any public holidays, special events, opening hours, and ticket prices.

    The location of the ticket office is near Alexander Garden, or Alexandrovsky Sad metro station. The ticket office is closed on Thursdays.

    Canon and Cannon Balls inside the Kremlin Walls
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