The Kremlin is a large Fortress located in the heart of Moscow on Red Square. From the outside it is most impressive, the tall walls lined with pine trees and guarded by menacing looking officials. I can only imagine how beautiful it looks snow covered in winter.
The Kremlin is made up of several parts including the Arsenal, the Great Kremlin Palaces, Armoury to name a few. Not all parts are open to the public these days, but I have heard that collections in the Armoury are pretty special.
There are also some pretty gardens at one side of the Kremlin, outside the walls, which were full of people enjoying the sun when we were there.
Unfortunately, we did not get a chance to visit the Kremlin (besides admiring the outside), as the day we had planned to visit we instead spent in our hotel as Alex got food poisoning.
But if you make it to Moscow, check it out and let me know what you think!
Open: Friday - Wednesday 10am - 5pm, closed Thursday
The Kremlin, seat of the Russian government and home to some of the world’s most infamous leaders, ranks alongside Red Square and the Hermitage as one of Russia’s top tourist attractions. Ivan the Great, Ivan the Terrible, Lenin, Stalin, Gorbachev and Yeltsin all held sway here, and from within these fortified walls they cast their indelible marks on the pages of history.
The Kremlin is the heart of Moscow, if not of the whole of Russia. Kremlin actually means fortified stronghold and you'll find them all over Russia. The first wooden fencing is from the 12th century and grew over the time with palaces and churches being added.
The newest building is the Palace of Congresses from the early 1960s.
If you like jewellery, you should visit the Armoury and the Diamond Fund exhibition.
The Kremlin can be visited daily except Thursdays from 10am to 5pm. The ticket to the Kremlin is 300 Roubles, if you want to visit the armory or any other exhibtion you'll have to buy an extra ticket.
Entrance to the Kremlin is through the Kutafiya tower.
The history of the Kremlin dates back to the 12th century.
It was home to the Russian tsars, the Bolschevik government and the leaders of the Soviet Union.
Nowadays the Russian government occupies the Kremlin.
The Kremlin walls are 2,2 km long and consist of 20 towers. Inside the walls many different palaces, armouries and churches can be found.
A limited area of the Kremlin and its historical buildings can be visited.
The Kremlin is sited on the northern bank of the Moscow River and borders with Red Square (Metro: Aleksandrovskiy Sad).
The Kremlin is Russia's mythic refuge, a self contained city with a multitude of palaces, armories, and churches, a medieval fortress that links the modern nation to its legendary past in the ancient state of Kievan Rus'.
The complex serves as the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Russian Federation.
The Kremlin was the place where the Russian state was formed. It was and remains the heart of the country’s political life and the center of its culture and history.
In medieval times, the Kremlin was the place where the issue of succession to the throne was decided, where the Boyar Duma held its sessions and where the Church held its councils. Russian tsars were crowned in the Annunciation Cathedral, even once the capital had been shifted to St. Petersburg. By this time the Kremlin’s state role had diminished somewhat, but its significance as the heart of the country remained unchanged.
Russia’s rulers strove to strengthen the Kremlin’s status as the residence of the sovereigns of a great nation.
After the tumult of the early 20th century, Moscow became the capital once again. From 1918, the Kremlin was once more the center of state and political life and the seat of the highest state institutions. Since 1991, the Kremlin has been the residence of the Russian President.
Armoury Chamber is one of the oldest museums in Russia.
Armoury boasts the richest collection of the works of Russian and foreign decorative and applied art of 4th-20th centuries, including Russian, West-European and Eastern arms, art silver, clothes and valuable fabrics, state regalia and gala carriages. Articles by the old-Russian silversmiths and goldsmiths, gun-makers and embroideries.
There are two halls are devoted to arms and Armour, made in 12-19th century.
Collections of regalia and articles of royal court ceremonies of 13-19th century, collection of tsar's thrones, tsar's carriages, valuable fabrics, old Russian secular and religious dress, gala costumes of 18-20th century, political and ornamental embroideries and jewelers are also displayed in this museum.
Tourists gain entry to the Kremlin via the Kuytafya Tower across a bridge over what was once a river and through the Trinity Gate Tower (built in 1495, the tallest tower in the Kremlin walls) on the west side of the citadel. Theoretically your ticket will gain you entry to all buildings that are open to the public, but you may find some of them are closed for reasons that usually aren't stated. If you want to visit the Armoury and the Diamond Fund (museums containing a dazzling array of Imperial treasures) you will need to purchase a special ticket which will state a time for your entry to these buildings. Be prepared to find that the time slots have all gone by the time you arrive, in which case you will have to decide whether to forego seeing these collections or come back at another time - frustrating if your time is limited.
If the day is hot, be sure to bring some water with you, there is nowhere to buy a drink or any other refreshment once you are inside the grounds, and you will be there for some condiderable time if you intend to see everything.
The Moscow Kremlin was the seat of the Russian tsars from the days of old. In the 15th - 17th centuries, the ensemble of the royal palace with privychambers, state apartments and splendid churches that were private chapelsof the royal family was built on its grounds. The finest Russian masterscreated for the tsars artistic works which are now regarded as unique specimensof not only Russian, but also European, art.
All the churches that have survived date from the 17th century, the time whenbecame established on the Russian throne. A particularly significant placein the palatial ensemble was occupied by the Upper Cathedral of the Saviour,the main royal domestic chapel. Placed in its carved iconostasis, gleamingwith gilt, are icons produced by leading masters of the royal workshopsunder the supervision of Fyodor Zubov.
The Arsenal was given its present aspect between 1815 and 1828, after the French attempts to blow up the Kremlin before abandoning Moscow made radical rebuilding necessary. The work was begun under the direction of Osip I.Bove, who erected a plain Neo-classical building, with wings laid out in trapezoid form rounda pentagonal central courtyard. The Baroque portico was added by Dmitry V. Ukhtomsky.
After the rebuilding it was intended that the Arsenal wouldbe used as an army museum: hence the 875 cannon lining the outside walls.The stucco reliefs of military trophies on the walls reflect the same intention.
Armoury is the oldest museum in Russia and one of the richest. Although the Armoury has for centuries been a museum, it still retains its old name. Here, in the time of the princes, grand princes and tsars, arm and armour were made and stored. The collection dates from the time of Ivan the Great and Ivan the Terrible.
The heyday of the Armoury was in the second half of the 17th century. In 1654, Bogdan Khitrov was appointed director, and under his management the most talented craftsmen and painters in the old Russian art centers (Yaroslavl, Ustyug, Uglich, etc.) were summoned to Moscow to the work in the Armoury.
The present Armoury building, in pseudo-Russian style, with features borrowed from Naryshkin Baroque, was erected between 1844 and 1851. It is in architectural harmony with the Great Kremlin Palace, also designed by Thon and Chichagov. Among the treasures of the Armouryare the crown jewels and coronation insignia of the tsars, historic armsand armour, costumes and furnishings, icons and manuscripts, coaches, sleighs, state carriages, object d'art and much else besides.
The Arsenal was built between 1702 and 1736, with some interruptions in the work, on the site of the Granary, which burned down in 1701. The general plan of the building was sketched out by Peter the Great himself; the architects were Dmitry Ivanov, Christoph Konrad and others.
The Arsenal was partly destroyed by fire in 1737, and was reconstructed in 1786-96 by the engineer Gerard under the supervision of the architect Kazakov.
10.30am, Saturday morning in the Kremlin, you realize something is about to happen. Immaculately dressed guards form a cordon down the road leading to Cathedral Sqare and the square is cleared. Then they come, marching out of the Arsenal. First the colour guard, swords flashing in the sun; next the band followed by a bayonet-bearing troop and finally soldiers on horseback. They make their way to Cathedral Square and take their places for the parade that is about to begin. Dressed in Imperial uniforms - shakos, gold epalettes and brass-buttoned tunics - they troop the colour across the square. This is followed by a display of crack marching and bayonet handling before the horses take their turn to wheel and weave around the square in their display. They leave the square to march back to barracks, the roadside cordon turns and marches off and the crowd who has watched from the sidelines breaks up and disperses all around to go on with their Kremlin visit.
This building was erected in 1932-34, designed by the architect Ivan Rerberg, for use as government offices. Its proportions and the style of the facade, as well as the building's colour scheme, are in tune with the classicalstyle of the nearby building of the former USSR Council of Ministers (the Senate Building).
This building also housed the Kremlin Theatre. A team of architects led by Mikhail Posokhin again considerably reconstructed the building. Now it is the Residence of the President of Russia.
The Palace of Facets is the oldest secular building, not only in the Kremlinbut in the whole of Moscow. Built in 1487-91 by MarcoRuffo and Pietro Antonio Solari, it is the only part of the huge complex constituted by the Great Kremlin Palace, the Terem Palace and associated buildings which has been almost completely preserved inits original form. The name of the palace, which is almost exactly squarein plan, comes from the faceted limestone blocks which pattern the mainfront - a form of rustication which originated in the Early Italian Renaissance.
The Palace of Facets is a large chamber with high grained vaults restingon a thick central rectangular pillar. Its area is 495 square metres andits height is 9 metres. Murals were painted for the first time in the late16th century. In 1882 the Palekh painters, the Belousov brothers, restored the murals of the Palace of Facets from the copies made 200 years previouslyby Simon Ushakov. The Palace of Facets served as the tsar's audience chamberand banqueting hall.
trinity tower is the kremlin's tallest tower. the trinity gate was used by the tsars to enter the kremlin. trinity tower was completed in 1499. napoleon marched his army through this gate in 1812 but was expelled from moscow a month later when the moscovites set fire to the city. tourists can enter here for a visit to the kremlin.