Kremlin - Assumption Cathedral, Moscow
The Cathedral of the Assumption was built 1475 - 9 by Italian architect Aristotele Fioravanti.
It was and is one of the most important churches in Moscow. Princes were crowned here and almost all of the leaders of the Russian orthodox church are buried here.
This was historically the main cathedral in Russia, and is built on foundations of earlier churches. It was designed by Aristoteles Fioravanti and completed in 1479. It is beautifully decorated inside with many ancient icons, the oldest from the XI century. Here were crowned Russian monarchs and dignified Patriarchs and Metropolitans of the Russian Orthodox church.
If you are in Moscow , one place that you should visit despite the long queue is the Kremlin much worth it than the long hour stand for the 30 seconds of Lenin ..lol. But if you are intending to visit this place , a word of advice do read up about the various history of the buildings inside because there are a few Cathedral and churches with Golden Dome - equally magnificent - that might confuse you from one to another ....
So what is this cathedral of Assumption ...??
The Cathedral of the Assumption is the Kremlin's oldest and most significant church and has been the protector of Russian Orthodoxy since the seat of the Church was transferred here from Vladimir in 1326. Its massive limestone walls and perfectly proportioned five gilt domes endow the cathedral with a certain stern serenity and the half-faded painting high up near the domes cast further aura of mystery to this cathedral ....its high up as if you are looking at a fragment of diary in heaven.
Did you know that ...
The cathedral is illuminated by twelve gilt bronze chandeliers and several multi-tiered candelabra, dating mostly from the 17th century. Most impressive is the 46-branch Harvest Chandelier, made from the 5,330 kilos of silver that was plundered from the cathedral in 1812 by Napoleon and his French troops, and presented by the Cossacks who recaptured the stolen booty.
When Ivan III established a unified Russian state, he asked the celebrated Italian architect, Alberti Fioravanti, to design a grand new cathedral for Moscow. Built on the site of a modest church erected by Ivan I, the new Assumption Cathedral combined traditional Russian Orthodox building techniques with ideas from the Italian Renaissance.
The cathedral was constructed of plain gray limestone, without ornamentation. At the summit are five golden onion domes designed by Russian masters. The interior of the cathedral is lavishly decorated with more than a 100 statues and multiple tiers of icons. The new cathedral was completed in 1479.
The Cathedral of the Assumption is the Kremlin's oldest and most important church and has been the protector of Russian Orthodoxy since the seat of the Church was transferred here from Vladimir in 1326. Its massive limestone walls and perfectly proportioned five gilt domes endow the cathedral with a certain stern serenity and set the tone for the Kremlin's magnificent Cathedral Square ensemble. It is also the burial place of most of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriachs from the 1300s to 1700s.
You notice as soon as you start going around Kremlin this cathedral’s golden domes.
It has been the most important church of the pre revolution russia, and inside all the most important personalities of orthodox church betwen 1320 and 1700 are buried.
This was also the country’s central place of worship, where the russian tsars and emperors were crowned.Inside the columns are coloured with icons of martyrs as they are considered the columns of the faith.
This is the most important and the oldest, largest cathedral of the Assumption in Moscow city
when go through Novgorod and Pskov and lering the fabulous Architectural tradition of the grate Russian history , but this building was designed by Italian architecture and built the cathedral between 1474 and 1478.
After its edifice, the cathedral became the prime cathedral of the Russian State
This is Uspensky sobor (Assumption cathedral), the most important church in Russia till the revolution.
Here zars were crowned, and many of the patriarchs who led orthodox church since XVIII century are buried here.
The present Assumption Cathedral was built between 1475 and 1479 and replaced a smaller one built in 1326.
In 1470, Russian architects Krivtsov and Myshkin were commissioned by Ivan the Great to replace the old dilapidated cathedral.
In 1812, French troops used this cathedral as a stable and looted 295kg of gold and over 5 tonnes of silver, but much of it was recovered.
The cathedral was officially returned to the Church in 1989 after almost 70 years. Occasional services are now held here but it still operates as a museum.
The breathtaking frescoes in the Cathedral of the Assumption were painted in 1642-4. The first step in their creation was to gilt the walls, in order to create the appearance of an illuminated manuscript ~ this photo hardly does it justice, as the colours are much richer and deeper in person.
Be sure to keep your eyes open to all the beauty around you, as the frescoes on the inside of the domes are simply gorgeous and might be missed. There are also a couple of non-painting items ~ a silver chandelier and the pale Monomakh throne, that will be drawing crowds.
The Cathedral of the Assumption is the most beautiful of the Kremlin's churches ~ its design was appealing from all sides (here shown from the east ~ look at how small the people in the photograph are!). It has been the most important church in Moscow's history since the late 14th century.
The Italian architect who designed it was rewarded for his efforts with imprisonment until death.
This is the main church inside the Kremlin.
From the 16th Century until the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, all of the Russian Grand Princes and Czars were crowned here.
The interior is beautifully decorated with frescoes covering every inch of the walls and columns!!!!
the cathedral of the assumption was built in the 1470's by ivan the great. it houses ivan "the terrible's" monmmakh throne.
The interior of the cathedral is lavishly decorated with more than a 100 statues and multiple tiers of icons.
The cathedral was constructed of plain gray limestone, without ornamentation. At the summit are five golden onion domes designed by Russian masters.