Manezhnaya Square, Moscow
Manezhnaya square (Russian: Манежная площадь, read: Manezhnaya ploshchad) or well known as Manege Square is a large pedestrian zone at the heart of Moscow with many interesting details. The square is framed by the Hotel Moskva on the east, the State Historical Museum and the Alexander Garden on the south, the Moscow Manege on the west, and the 18th-century headquarters of the Moscow State University on the north side.
The square is important part of downtown Moscow. It connecting Red Square (there you can go trough the Iberian Gate on south) with a Tverskaya Street, that connect city with Saint Petersburg on the north.
Después de visitar la Plaza Roja o el Kremlin es muy agradable llegar a la plaza Manezhaya para descansar y relajarte un poco
Puedes sentarte tranquilamente en los jardines de Alexander, a ver sus flores , la cúpula del "Okhotny Ryad"o entrar al centro comercial que está abajo , comer en alguno de los restaurantes que hay por la zona , ver las fuentes con sus figuras de cuentos populares y muy especial para los españoles ver el edificio del Picadero que ahora se ha convertido en la sala Central de Exposiciones Manezh
Este edificio lo encargó el Zar Alejandro I , para celebrar la victoria sobre Napoleón y se inauguró con el nombre de “Sala de Ejercicios Ecuestres de Moscú” ( Picadero) y como era para para hacer ejercicios de doma de caballos y desfiles militares necesitaba un espacio diáfano .
Arquitectónicamente tiene gran importancia , pues fue el edificio más grande de Europa en aquella época, con la peculiaridad de que no tiene ninguna columna interior, pues se utilizaron cerchas de madera para cubrir una luz de 45 metros
Este edificio es obra del Español , Canario, Agustín de Betancourt
After visiting the Red Square or the Kremlin it is very nice to reach the Manezhaya Square to rest and relax a bit
You can sit quietly in the gardens of Alexander, to see the flowers, the dome of the "Okhotny Ryad" or go to the mall that is downstairs , eat at one of the restaurants that are in the area, see the sources with figures of folk stories and very special for the Spanish Spanish people to see the Riding School building which has now become the Manezh Central Exhibition Hall
This building was commissioned by Tsar Alexander I, to celebrate the victory over Napoleon and opened under the name of "Equestrian Exercise Room Moscow" (Riding school) and as it was to do exercises for training horses and military parades the space needed to be diaphanous.
Architecturally it is of great importance because it was the largest building in Europe at that time, with the peculiarity that has no inner columns, because wooden trusses were used to cover a span of 45 meters
This building was built by the Spanish, Canarian, Engineer Agustín de Betancourt
From the late 18th century to the 1930s, the Manezhka neighborhood to the north of the Kremlin was crammed with public houses and taverns. This tawdry and rough section gave the area its infamous moniker of "Moscow's belly". In 1932 the local buildings were all dismantled, whereupon the close-by Moiseyevskaya Square was expanded to its present size and renamed Manezhnaya after the area it now abutted upon.
In the late 20th century the Moscow mayor had the square closed to traffic and substantially renovated. The centerpiece of the renovated square is a modern trade center, with an underground parking lot, four underground stories of shops with the underground mall capped by a beautiful glass cupola symbolizing the Northern hemisphere.
Also built in to the new area was a fake, winding river which has become a popular attraction for the Muscovites and tourists alike, especially on sultry days of summer. The river's course is dotted with fountains and statues of Russian fairy-tale characters, as sculpted by Zurab Tsereteli which are largely based on Pushkin fables.
If you want to make a photo with Lenin and Last Russian Tsar Nikolay you should only pay 100 rubles (3 euros) and o'key! It doesn't matter - whether you will be together or they are alone (without you).
Nevertheless you may make photos of Russian ancient soldiers (kazaks) free of charge.
If you want see yourself at the pictures - you should pay 100 rubles.
The nearest environs of the Red Square - including Manezhnaya square, belong to most man tended by Muscovites places during about four centuries. The first mentions about the area have appeared 500 years back.
In 1485-1495 the Kremlin wall was constructed.
In the 90 years of the XIX-th century the modern architectural ensemble of buildings shaping appearance of the area and today was folded: in 1883 the historical museum has appeared, in 1892 have built up a building of city Council (in the Soviets times - Lenin's Museum, nowadays - branch of a Historical museum).
A lot of people seem to gather here in the early evening and it is a great place for people watching - especially if you want to look at well-soled people and attractive passers by. There is a world clock with great illustrations of the wild life of parts of the world - it is a world time clock, and it depicts Moscow three dimensionally. The Manezh is a trade fair venue and is vast. The gardens are very pleasant and it is fun to sit and while away a few minutes here, watching others as they go about their business.
Walking through new newly-reconstructed gates from Red square, you see on the left the Manezh ("riding arena") Square. These gates were torn down in the 1930's because they obstructed the flow of soldiers and tanks during military parades, and re-build in the mid-90s. The name comes from the Imperial Riding School, or Manezh, that stood on the opposite side of the square from the Moskva Hotel.
In the 1990s the square construction of an underground shopping mall was begun which was completed in 1997. We walked around this mall and except for the language being spoke we could have been in a US mall in any large city. What were amazing to me were the prices there. Everything we looked at was much more expensive than in the US. They have a great food court there which was also expensive in comparison. The court was crowded with young Muscovites all who seemed to have lots of money in comparison to the regular population. I read that 1% of Russians are millionaires since the breakup and I guess this is where their kids hang out.
Looking back towards the Red Square, the History Museum is on your right with a statue of Field-Marshal Zhukov, one of WW-2 commanders, is in front. The Lenin Museum is on the left. The porch of the Lenin Museum presently serves as a gathering point for communists and nationalists wishing for the good old day. Also on the square are the U.S. embassy and the Moskva Hotel which was one of the first buildings erected as part of Stalin's reconstruction plan for Moscow. The hotel has been destroyed in a fire since I was there but is being rebuilt.
Near Red Square. In the middle a big dome is decorated with a big map of the world and you can see it from the shopping mall just below it (it's in the underground). Have fun trying to locate your city written in cyrillic ;)
it's a big square close to the cremlin.
it's dominated by the red building of historic museum;in front of it the monument to Zhukhov general.
on the left in the picture you can see the entrance gate to red square; on the right the cremlin's wall with Nikolskaja tower;
outside the picture, on the left there's the metro station, on the right the entrance to Aleksander's garden and the big underground complex of Ohotnij rjad (shops, restaurants, cafe'...); behind you, starts Tverskaja ulitsa, one of the most important streets in Moscow.