Red Square - Resurrection Gate, Moscow
The current Resurrection Gate and chapel are replicas that were built in the 1990s.
The icon of the Iverskaya Virgin, like the icon of the Kazan Virgin, was very honored in Moscow. There is a legend that during the time of the iconoclasts, the icon was pierced in the cheek by a lance and suddenly it started bleeding . This bleeding wound remained on the face of the Virgin till our day and if you see an image of the Virgin with a small wound, know it is the Iverskaya Virgin.
In 1648 it was temporarily placed in one of the Moscow monasteries and later it was moved to the Valdai.
The Iver monastery made one more copy for Moscow that was put on the Neglinenskye Gates of Kitai-Gorod in 1669. The place was not chosen by chance. Tsars usually entered Red Square through the gates; that is why they were also called Triumphal Gates.
In 1680 the gates were restored and decorated with two high roofs with eagles. There was placed the Icon of Resurrection and since then the gates are called Resurrection Gates.
After the Revolution the chapel was attacked. In 1932 there was a "Komsomol Christmas" the burning of images of Christ and the Virgin.
Soon the Chapel disappeared and there was an ugly statue to a worker built in its place. In 1931 the Resurrection Gates were also destroyed to make a wider approach for different vehicles entering Red Square during parades.
At the end of the 1990s there was another copy made of the Iverskaya Icon. It was sent to Moscow. In 1994 the patriarch laid the foundation stone and in 1995 the construction of a new chapel on Red Square was finished.
Resurrection Gate is a beautiful entranceway that leads you into Red Square between the Moscow State Historical Museum and the Cathedral of the Kazan Icons of the Mother of God. The original Gate was built in the 16th century, but it was torn down by Stalin in the 1930s and rebuilt in the 1990s. The design is obviously slightly more modern than the original one, and the tall spikes that form towers could easily confuse you to believe that the significance of the Gate is more military (like the towers in the Kremlin) than religious. Still, the reason that the Gate was torn down by Stalin lies in its great significance for the Russian Orthodox Church and not its strategic design. It once housed the Icon of the Mother of God of Iver. Legend has it that, during the Iconclasym, an iconoclast stabbed the icon in Mary's cheek and the icon began to spurt blood. Ever since the icon, and the Gate, have been revered.
Today you can still make out the faithful coming to the Gate and buying small icons and other religious paraphanelia, although they are greatly outnumbered by the tourists who are drawn to the knock-off souvenirs in Manezhnaya Square.
The Resurrection Gate - recently built replica of the 16th century gate constructed as a chapel to house the legendary miracle-working Icon of the Mother of God of Iver, which was torn down on Stalin's orders to ease tank access to parades on Red Square.
Voskresenskie (Resurrection) Gates used to guard the entrance to Red Square at the end of a bridge which existed in old times over what is now Manezhnaya Square.
This beautiful structure was built together with the Kremlin and matches its style. It was pulled down during the Communist period and rebuilt in the 1990s. The gates contain a little gilded chapel. In front is a circle marking the "kilometer zero" from which all the distances in Russia are measured.
The twin steeples of the Resurrection Gate leading in to Red Square are once again topped with the golden double- headed eagles that were the symbol of Imperial Russia. The gate you see now is another of the replicas that have been built to replace the buildings destroyed by Stalin - this one because it was in the way of the great parades he loved to stage on the square.
The tiny chapel of the Iverian Virgin (named for the icon it was built to house) in front of the gate is usually open and is much loved by Muscovites visiting the square.
The Ressurrection Gate is another recently built replica of the 16th century gate constructed as a chapel to house the legendary miracle-working Icon of the Mother of God of Iver. This Gate was torn down on Stalin's orders to make it easier for tanks to access the Red Square for the parades.
You can imagine how surprised I was, when I came to the Red Square in 1999 and suddenly saw this impressive gate, where there had been only a street the first time I visited.
ressurrection gate on red square was originally built in 1680. stalin had it demolished in 1931. it was rebuilt in 1995. within the gateway is the chapel of the iverian virgin. when the tsar came to moscow he would visit the shrine before he entered the kremlin.
Resurrection gate is situated at the northern entrance to Red Square, located next to the State Historical Museum.
The gate you see today was actually built in 1995, as the original one that was built in 1680 was demolished on Stalin’s orders in 1931, as it got in the way…tanks couldn’t get into Red Square….
There is a small chapel built as part of the gate, and just outside the gate is ‘Kilometre Zero’, from where all distances in Moscow are measured. There were people standing on the marker, throwing coins in the air….not sure if they were making a wish or playing two-up ; )
I first entered Red Square through Resurrection Gate.
If you really want to capture and savour the moment, then this a great way to do it. A friend I was visiting in Moscow recommended this and it was well worth it.
The sight of St. Basil`s growing gradually bigger as you approach the gate; locals wandering in and out - magic!
Sometimes, I looked at my photos from Russia & marvel.
These architecture, they look very much in tandem with the Christmas mood.
The RESURRECTION GATE houses the Chapel of the Iverian Virgin.
Built in late 18th century. The Chapel, that is.
The Gate is a copy of the original (1680).
This one was rebuilt in 1995.
St. George is the patron saint of Moscow & there's an icon on the gate which depicts the saint slaying the dragon.
As for the Chapel, the tsar would first visit this shrine b4 entering the Kremlin on his visit to Moscow.
On the Red Square side of Resurrection Gate, you'll find this beautiful mosaic panel of St. George (Moscow's patron saint).
Another neat feature, on the Ploshchad Revolutsii side of the gate, is the paving stone design on the ground in front of the gate-church. There is a decorated "ground zero" panel from which all distances are measured. People will be gathered near this throughout the day, having their photo taken and also tossing coins over their shoulder for good luck.
As we were staying at the Hotel Moskva, our usual entrance to Red Square was through the Resurrection Gate.
The original gate was erected in 1680, but it was demolished in 1931. The re-creation that stands today was built as recently as 1995. The gate is quite pretty and it merits returning to this area of the city after dark, as it will be lit up, creating an even more attractive scene.
If you haven't run out of energy and interest in churches at this point, there is yet another chapel inside the gateway. Keep in mind though that this area attracts a regular group of beggars (older women) in front of the doorway.
VOSKRESENSKYIE (RESURRECTION) GATES and IVERSKAYA CHAPEL
The Iverskaya Chapel of the Icon at the Resurrection Gates was the most honoured of Moscow's holy places. It is said that at the time of the iconoclasts in Byzantium this icon was stabbed in the cheek by one of the iconoclasts, and blood started to flow from the wound. This wound remained on the Virgin's face, and so the Mother of God of Iver is always depicted with this small injury to her face. To this day the icon is revered for its miracle-working.
The Iverskaya icon is glorified for many miracles. It saved the monastery from its enemies, sick people became well in its presence, and when the monks prayed before it in times of famine, their granaries became full of flour.
The Iverskaya Chapel acquired its present from from in the 18th century when it was rebuilt by Matvei Kazakov. Later the gilded figure of an angel with a cross was added on the chapel's dome.
After the revolution the Iverskaya Chapel suffered many outrages, in common with all Russian churches. On Christmas Eve in 1923 a blasphemous event took place in Moscow under the name of Komsomol Christmas. Its main action took place on the square in front of the Iverskaya Chapel. Its purpose was to educate young people in the proper world view and the corresponding morals. A huge crown gathered for something like a Komsomol Christmas tide. They were in fancy dress, mimicking the style of Orthodox priests and monks in the most disgraceful manner. These god-baiters insulted other religions as well, for some were dressed up as rabbis, Protestant pastors, the Pope, and the Chinese Bonze...
(see the continuation below)
Photo by Andrey Sebrant
This gate was built in 1995. The original was built in 1680 and demolished in 1931. It is quite impressive with its twin towers.