It was built between 1965 and 1981 and is the home to the government of The Russian Federation.
Previously it was he House of The Soviets.
In 1993 there was a ten-day conflict (the 1993 Crisis) which was the worst street fighting Moscow has experienced since the Revolution. The building was damaged and there were black scars/burns left over it. Apparently these were famous and newly weds used to get photographed (as luck) with the black marks on the building as the backdrop!
Today the building looks white...
The White House (Beliy dom) is a government building which played a starring role in two important politcial confrontations of Russia.
The building was completed in 1981 and just ten years later in August 1991 it was the rallying point for the democratic opposition in the putsch against Gorbatchev.
In October 1993 the building saw an uprising of about 200 deputies against Boris Yeltsin, which finally ended in an artillery bombardment and a fire.
Another building which was involved in these "October events" is the Ostankino TV centre. Please read my "Off the Beaten Path" tips for more information about this.
The White House is located on the banks of the river Moskva, just west of the city centre. The nearest metro stops are Smolenskaya (blue line) or Krasnopresnenskaya (brown line).
The Russian White House was built to house bureaucracy of the Russian Federation during the Soviet times. In late 1980s and early 1990s it became a focus of resistance. Democrats under leadership of President Yeltsin have gathered here on barricades in 1991 during the abortive coup by the Communist hardliners. Then in 1993 Yeltsin sent troops against the barricades set up by his former allies in the Russian parliament. The building sustained significant damage from fire, but has since been rebuilt. It now houses the offices of the Prime Minister.
The White House of Russia (Áåëûé äîì), also known as the Russian White House, is a government building in Moscow that housed the Russian Federation's Congress of People's Deputies and Supreme Soviet until the crisis of 3 October 1993 when an uprising led to a siege and artillery bombardment on the building that caused a major fire.
The reformed parliament, known thereafter by its tsarist era title of Duma, was elected in 1994 and moved to another building on Moscow's Okhotny Ryad.
The renovated White House now houses the Russian cabinet known as Pravitel'stvo (translated in English as Government).
If you thought that the White House only plays a role in American political history, then you'd be wrong. The Russian White House (Bely Dom) was where Boris Yeltsin rallied the opposition to avert the hardline coup and then only a couple of years later sent in tanks and soldiers to flush out conservative rivals, some of whom had actually backed him in 1991. There are historic images of Yeltsin climbing onto a tank in front of the White House in the former incident and in the latter, the same building being on fire.
The White House is officially called the House of Government of the Russian Federation and looks out over the Moscow river across to one of Stalin's Seven Sisters - the Hotel Ukraina.
The White House is the seat of the Russian Government. Cavalcades are often seen entering and leaving the building. The site has featured strongly in recent history, on the morning of 19th August 1991 Soviet officials launched a coup/putsch here. Also in 1993 Jeltsin shelled the leaders of Russia's parliament into submission when they refused orders of dissolution. This picture is taken from the 5th floor of the Ukraina hotel. Taking photos of the White House from the top of the Ukraina hotel is prohibited, but you can normally get a snap in if your quick!
This is the seat of Russian Government and was the scene of the attempt by Soviet officials to launch a coupe in August 1991. There was an initial stand-off when civilians formed a human chain around the building. The attempted coup failed after 3 days.
Two years later, there was another serious incident here when President Yeltsin called elections. Vice President Rutskoi refused to obey Yeltsin and barricaded himself and supporters inside the White House. Special Forces eventually entered the White House and arrested Rutskoi.