We arrived in Moscow by bus from Riga with ecolines. They give you student discount if you have an ISIC card. The cost is 58 euro without discount. The ticket you can buy at the busstation or on the web.
You leave 16.15 in Riga and they drop you at 8 in the morning at the Rizjsjij station from there you can take a metro into the center
I moved from Moscow to Riga and from Riga back home to Tallinn. I bought tickets on Ecolines bus company.
Bus ticket from Moscow to Riga cost 41.70 EURO (on the way about 13 hours)
Bus ticket from Riga to Tallinn cost 10.60 EURO (on the way about 4,5 hours)
Both busses were comfy. Staff (woman) was friendly and helpful. You can buy in the bus water and some food also.
I was used trolleybus in Moscow only twice. To/from Mosfilm museum. I bought 2 tickets for 50 RUB (1 ticket - 25 RUB).
Trolleybusses were comfy. Great view from this type of transportation !
Youc can buy tickets to bus/trolleybus near bus station.
Pros using metro - fast. Pros using bus/trolleybus - view from.
There is a sightseeing bus in Moscow. Routes, fares and other information could be find at http://www.hoponhopoff.ru/our_tours/.
From my point of view it's not very comfortable because of traffic jams. The price is too high (20 euros for 1 day). The good thing is that tour has English commentary.
When getting off the airplane, keep walking and avoid the guys asking if you want a taxi. You will come to the end where you can either make a right and go outside or head to the area marked trains. By the right, there is a cell phone shop. Buy a cheap cell phone with a sim card. Go outside on the right and you will see the buses. The buses are the cheapest way. Take the bus to Domodedovskaya metro. You will know you are there when you pass a church on the right and the bus stops by a shopping center. Then, take the metro and it will take you where you need to go.
When returning, go to Domodedovskaya metro and cross the street to where there are several buses. You will experience a confusing number of buses and drivers standing around. Ask for the airport and someone will eventually tell you which bus or van will take you.
Moscow's overground public transport network consists of buses, trolleybuses and trams, which are all operated vy the state-owned company Mosgortrans.
All vehicles can be used with the same kinds of tickets. These can be bought from small kiosks at the main stops or near Metro stations. In 2009 a single ticket cost 20 Rubles. Tickets can even be bought from the driver, but for a slightly higher price (25 Rubles, 2009).
Nowadays most buses are equipped with a turnstile, where you have to put your ticket into a machine to pass through.
An interesting trolleybus route for tourists is bus #7, which sereves a route from Park Pobedy to Kamenny Most near the Kremlin. It goes along the river bank and up to the Sparrow Hills (Vorobyovy Gory) and passes many other sights.
Please install Russian language pack into your OS and internet browser, if you want to see Cyrillic letters in this post.
Keep in mind famous Moscow traffic jams, we call it Пробки (sounds like “prop key”, you can also translate it as “cork”, good word for this phenomena). Honestly I have never seen “Moscow probki” in London and Paris, and something alike occurs in NYC.
Tip: avoid using overland transportation on workdays and rush hours. Literally between 8.00 am and 9.00 pm in workdays. However it is better than bad:) in mid-day on some streets. Try using our glorious metro and your feet.
It's OK for weekends and public holidays.
Note: if you want to feel like a local just once it would be a good idea to take a bus, tramway etc. Otherwise, if your purpose is ultimate pleasure and smooth riding to destination, using metro, taxis, gipsy taxis or hiring a personal driver would be likely solution.
Renting a car can be recommended only for long stay, at least 1 years and longer. “Why”, you may ask? Due to Probki and a “special” driving style of Muscovites. Even the locals who live in neighborhood and sometimes visit Moscow, avoid to drive themselves in our Matrix. Yes, to drive here safely and victoriously you have to be: “Bond. James Bond”, Transporter (hello, Mr. Statham!) and somewhat Neo (how do you do, Mr. Reeves). I mentioned Neo because you have to be able to slow down time...
Route planner, very useful link on Moscow transport in English http://msk.rusavtobus.ru/en/
Autobus=bus=автобус (sound like aftoboos). Slow, usually crowded, bad smelled, humid and hot can in summertime.
Disadvantages: common disadvantage for every overland transportation is bad information about routes if you compare with London.
Tramway=Tram=Трамвай (sounds like trumvuy if you spell both ‘u’ like in ‘buy’).
Same pleasure as autobus:)
Advantages: some people may find tramway trip romantic or exotic. As for me I love tramway, because it gives us a kind of “old-fashioned” experience.
Disadvantages: tramway routes are rare. However there are some routes in tourist centre, e.g. in Boulevard Ring.
Trolleybus=Троллейбус (if you spell it in English people around will understand).
Usually you will find trolleybuses on main radial streets like Prospekt Mira (Mira Ave), Leningradsky Prospekt (Ave) etc.
You feel there more comfortable than in bus or tramway because they are more spacious and silent. And someone would love them as along with tramways they are green vehicles.
Marshroutka=Маршрутка. Equal to “public light bus” or so called “shared taxi”. Capacity starts from a dozen passengers. They are usually yellow maxivans and sometimes little buses, invented for more agile passing probki, than other transports can do. It may be funny experience if you love tightness and bumpy ride.
Advantages: you always obtain a seat in there, because it is just impossible to stand full-length.
Disadvantages: please be notified that we have reports about traffic accidents with casualties where participated marshroutka’s. Obviously their drivers not as good as Transporter but drive faster than him! Where possible take bigger vehicles and avoid so called Gazelle
Overland transportation prices 2009
Bus, Trolleybus, Tramway – 25 RUR per one-trip carnet (0,8 USD)
30-days universal smartcard (except Marshroutka) – 700 RUR (appr. 23 USD)
Marshroutka. The most of marshroutkas are private owned unlike other transports, and prices differ depending on route. Common rule is a price like in buses etc, 25-30 RUR. The price always notified in large figures outside and inside vehicle, as well as the route number and destination. You can only pay by cash to a driver on entering vehicle.
Public tranportation is quite well in Moscow. If you don't get to a place by metro, there are always buses, trams, trolleys or minibuses (marshrutki).
It's a cheaper to buy the tickets for buses/trams and trolleys in advance at kiosks (15 Roubles/Dec. 2007) than at the driver (25 Roubles).
If you go by marshrutka you just pay the driver. E.g. the trip from Sheremetyevo Airport to the metro station Rechnoy Voksal costs 40 Roubles (Dec.07).
Moscow has extensive tram services. In the center they are a bit hard to find. This end station is near Metro Belorusskaya and one of the lines goes to Komsomolskaya where 3 major railway stations are located. Some tram lines still have conductors while on others you buy your ticket from the driver and then validate it in a small slot machine.
Info taken from Way to Russia website
Arrival / Departure by Bus
Schyolkovsky Bus Terminal, Moscow
Telephones: (+7 095) 468-0400, 468-4370
The main Moscow bus terminal is located just next to Shchyolkovskaya metro station (the last station to the east on the dark blue line). You can get a bus to almost any Russian town and city from there. When you get inside the station, you'll see signs in English and Russian in front of you. The timetables of the buses and ticket sales offices are on the right, the luggage storage rooms and cafes are on the left. You can leave your luggage for 20-30 rub ($0.7-$1) a day, the luggage storage is closed between 23.00 and 6.30, and they have a break from 14.00 to 15.00.
The Shchyolkovskaya bus station is opened from 6.30 to 23.00.
For bus schedules between Moscow and other cities featured on WayToRussia.Net guide, see Transport / Domestic Bus Schedules.
Directions: go to Shchyolkovskaya metro station (the last station to the east on the dark blue line), take the first carriage from the centrum. As you walk out, there'll be many stalls and little shops around, and a bit further - a large building with "Avtostantsiya" written on top. That's the bus station.
Although the Moscow Metro is quite extensive, it can be daunting for the unitiated. Especially, if you have problems with schematic diagrams written almost entirely in Russian Cyrillic script?
Sometimes, it is simply quicker and easier to take the trolley bus, which has the added advantage of staying above ground so you can actually see where you are going. For short trips, it is much quicker than the Metro, going down the escallators, taking the train, which admittedly comes every one or two minutes, but then debarking, and again taking the escallator all the way back up to the surface. It is much easier to jump on the bus.
You can always buy a ticket on the bus, either from the driver or from a ticket seller. It only costs 7 to 10 rubles depending on how far your are travelling. The fine for not having a ticket is 100 rubles. However, it is best to give exact change and not to expect the drvier to be able to change a large bill.
By the way, in Moscow in general, you will need wads of small money. I am forever giving out 10's, 50's and 100's for taxis, buses, the coat check, tips at restaurants, etc. Unfortunately, mostly at ATMs you are getting 1000 ruble bills, which are not very practical. So, I usually use the big money to pay for meals, etc., and then horde my small money for all these daily outlays!
I also found out that in and around most Metro stations, you will find someone selling bus tickets. When I do, I usually buy 10 or 20 tickets for 100 or 200 rubles, so I have a stack of them in my pocket and then I do not have to worry about buying a ticket on a crowded bus or having the correct change.
However, do not ask at the ticket counter of the Metro. They do not sell bus tickets (and they do not speak English either, so do not get frustrated).
Taking the trolleybus is an everyday Moscovite experience, but keep in mind, they will not wait for you to take your time getting on, so be prepared to jump on and jump off and see Moscow in a new manner.
Trams and Trolleybus are a good way to get around Moscow if you don't want to use the metro.
They cost 7 roubles and you can either pay the driver (then punch the ticket in the machine on the bus/tram) or wait and pay the conductor.
Be warned, the drivers will only speak Russian and probably aren't that helpful. I saw a guy with a dog getting on the tram one day. The dog hesitate (it wasn't on a lead), the guy called to his dog but the driver just closed the doors and left the dog behind.
In some parts of Moscow the bus, trolleybus and tram are the only form of public transport. You can usually buy tickets from the driver and stamp them in a machine on the bus. On an increasing number of routes, conductors are again becoming commonplace in an effort to crack down on fare-dodging. They also charge 6 rubles (less than 20 cents) for a journey.
If you don't have a ticket and get checked by the rare inspector, the fine is 100 rubles (about 3,2 USD). You may also get kicked off the bus.
If you want to smell some petrol- and gasvapour, take the bus from Sheremetyevo 2 to the nearest metrostation Rechnoi Vokzal. You'll get completely intoxicated.