St.Peter and St.Paul's Fortress, Saint Petersburg
Opposite to Winter Palace on Neva River, there is the first construction of the city, Sts Peter and Pavel Fortress. The fortress was found by Peter I the Great in May of 1703 (the year of the foundation of the city). The fortress, in spite of its military name, never been under the siege or took part in the battles. But it was used as a prison in XVIII-XIX centuries. In the end of XVIII the new buildings for the St Petersburg Mint were built in the fortress and it still operates (till 90-s of XX century all coins and medals in Russian Empire and USSR were produced only here).
The symbol of fortress is Sts Peter and Pavel Cathedral, built in 1712-1733. The height of Cathedral is 122,5 meters (the flying angel is on the top). The Cathedral houses the remains of all Russian Tsars and Emperors from Peter I the Great to Nikolay II (XVIII-XX centuries - earlier ones, XIV-XVIII centuries, were buried in Kremlin in Moscow).
Every day, as a local tradition since 1730-s, the gun fire from the fortress wall signalizes the midday time
The church in the St. Peter and Paul Fortress (Petropavlovskaya Krepost) is where all the tsars and their wives are buried although what structures that show in the church are not really the tombs which are underground protected by lead.
The following Russian royalty are buried here
Marpha Matveyovna v Apraxina became the second consort of Fyodor Alexeiovich III 'The Feeble' in 1682, mere months after he had been widowed. She herself was widowed within months of the wedding. They had no children b. 1664 d. Jan. 11, 1714
Peter I the Great (one of the best known of the Russian Tsars) b. Jun. 9, 1672 d. Feb. 8, 1725
Anna Ivanovna Romanova was the fourth-born daughter of the feeble-minded Tsar Ivan V, Peter the Great's older half brother. After Tsar Peter II, the son of Peter the Great's son Aleksey, died, the Supreme Privy Council, elected her as Empress. Women were allowed to rule in Russia although limits were usually put on their powers, and they could not remarry
b. Feb. 7, 1693 d. Oct. 28, 1740
Maria Feodorovna Von Württemberg. She was married to the Russian Zar Paul I, with whom she had 10 children. She was the mother of the Zars Alexander I and Nicholas I of Russia
b. Oct. 25, 1759 d. Nov. 4, 1828
Louise Of Baden married Tsarevitch Alexander Pavlovitch on October 9, 1793 at the Winter Palace, and took the name Elizaveta Alexeievna upon her conversion to the Russian Orthodox church. She was 14, the tsarevitch was 17. Alexander ascended the throne as Tsar Alexander I in 1801. Their marriage was an unhappy union and both their children died in childhood.
b. Jan. 24, 1779 d. May 26, 1826
Nicholas I Pavlovich Romanov His Majesty's father was Czar Paul I. His Majesty's son became Czar Alexander II. b. May 25, 1796 d. Feb. 18, 1855
Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova. She married her second cousin Grand Duke Nikolai Pavlovitch of Russia in 1817. b. Jul. 13, 1798 d. Nov. 1, 1860
Alexander II Nicholaevich Romanov. Czar Alexander II was the son of Czar Nicholas I. Czar Alexander II was killed by a bomb thrown by a student named I. Grinevitski. Czar Alexander II was followed by his son as Czar Alexander III. b. Apr. 17, 1818 d. Mar. 1, 1881
Maria Alexandrovna Romanova was "adopted" as the daughter of Ludwig II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine to prevent scandal. Tsarevitch Alexander Nikolaievitch fell in love with the lonely, unhappy 14-year-old Princess Marie despite the irregularity of her birth. They were married on April 16, 1842 at the Winter Palace b. Aug. 8, 1824 d. Jun. 3, 1880
Alexander III Alexandrovich Romanov. Due to his father's assassination he reversed a lot of reforms. The Czar's son, Grand Duke Nicholas became Czar Nicholas II b. Mar. 10, 1845 d. Oct. 20, 1894
Maria Fedorovna of Russia In 1866 she married the Russian heir to the throne, later Alexander III. She had 6 children, one of them Tsar Nicholas II. b. Nov. 26, 1847 d. Oct. 13, 1928
George Alexandrovich Romanov. The Grand Duke was called Weeping Willow by his family because of his sad personality. George's brother Nicholas became Tsar after their father Tsar Alexander III died. b. May 6, 1871 d. Aug. 9, 1899
Fondest memory: Getting the translations of the markers on the tombs such as the one for Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova (photo 2) She married her second cousin Grand Duke Nikolai Pavlovitch of Russia in 1817, and had seven children. Nikolai ascended the throne in 1825 as Tsar Nicholas I. b. Jun. 6, 1872 d. Jul. 17, 1918
And learning about the tsars and tsarinas such as Elizabeth I (photo 4) Daughter of Peter "the Great" and Martha Skawronskaja (later known as Catherine I.) b. Dec. 28, 1709 d. Jan. 5, 1762
In the same photo is the tomb of Peter III He was the son of Duke Karl Friedrich of Holstein-Gottorp and Peter the Great's daughter Anna. He married the future Catherine the Great. b. Feb. 21, 1728 d. Jul. 17, 1762.
Czarina Cathrine II aka the Great She was the last ruling Czarina and is credited with bringing Russia from the mind set of the Middle Ages to the modern world of the 18th century. There is some speculation that she had her husband murdered. b. May 2, 1729 d. Nov. 17, 1796
Favorite thing: The primary attraction within the fortress is the Peter and Paul Cathedral, begun by Peter as soon as the fortress had been constructed, though not completed until 1733. In keeping with Peter's Eurocentric bias, its design follows the pattern of Dutch ecclesiatical architecture rather than Russian. The most noticeable characteristic of this is the cathedral's tall thin spire, which was designed specifically so as to best Moscow's Ivan the Gret Belltower as the tallest structure in Russia. The cathedral is the resting place of most of the Romanov monarchs (excepting Peter II, Ivan VI, and Nicholas II), and their sarcophagi can be viewed inside.
Favorite thing: Peter's first concern in the creation of St. Petersburg was with the defense of the approaches of the Neva river delta, and the Peter and Paul Fortress was the first major building project undertaken. In fact, it is entirely possible that the idea of building a new capital city on the site occurred to the young Tsar while he was living in his cottage and supervising the fortress's construction.
The cobbled stones in the front of the Petropavloskaya krepost (the fort, the ex-prison..) made me feel relaxed. People on the beach at that time were not at all interested in their appearance on the beach. They were just having a day off.
Never before or after have I seen anyone sunbathing whie standing. Yet it makes sense: your entire body will be tanned.
The marines were out at the end of July. Lots of them. Lots of drunk marines. The fireworks, the people...
Sometimes the same thought of people drove you crazy as you couldn't feel alone anywhere. It helped a lot to stay in one of the many beautiful parks in St Petersburg.
DId you know that during the WWII the marble statues in Letnyj Sad were buried under the ground? And that there was a potato field next to the Isaakievskiy Sobor - that's what three old ladies sitting on a bench told me.
They also advised me to marry either a professor, a doctor or a general and my worries would be over for the rest of my life. Note that this was still the Soviet Union times...
Fondest memory: The man who was swimming and singing at the same time. He had a good voice. It happened on a pond in Vyborgskaya storona; a warm summer evening, people gathered to enjoy the evening, lovers sitting hand in had on the benches...
And the man siniging, to all of us and to himself. I recognised the song as it had been a hit when my mother was a young woman. We all cheered him when the song ended. He didn't sing anything else but it was enough.
A groom sleeping in the front of the hotel. Stone drunk. The bride crying next to him, the mothers comforting her : "ne nado, ne nado plakat.." (No need to cry..) Life...!
Depuis Pierre le Grand et la fondation de Saint-Pétersbourg sur les bords de la Néva et ce jusqu’à la Révolution d’Octobre 1917 des architectes, peintres, savants, bâtisseurs, ingénieurs, industriels et banquiers français prirent une part active à la création de la Capitale du Nord, aidèrent à son développement et à son épanouissement.
L’auteur du premier bâtiment de la ville - une forteresse en bois en terre battue - fut l’officier du génie Joseph-Gaspard LAMBERT DE GUERIN, général de France en service en Russie.
L’architecte Jean-Baptiste LEBLOND fut invité de France pour créer un jardin "à l’image de celui de Versailles", jardin que Pierre le Grand qualifia "de vraie curiosité". LEBLOND amena avec lui en 1716 toute une équipe de ciseleurs, de dessinateurs, de fondeurs, de tailleurs de pierre, de bijoutiers et autres maîtres artisans français. Les nouveaux venus devaient non seulement travailler à Saint-Pétersbourg mais aussi former des Russes "sans rien cacher ou taire". Sur l’île Vassilievski, à côté du Palais Menchikov, se forma tout un faubourg français. Pierre lui-même, connaissant bien les arts et métiers, y venait de temps en temps et "daignait s’intéresser aux travaux".
Of the French in St.-Petersburg
Since Peter the Big and the foundation of St.-Petersburg on the sides of the Neva and this until the Revolution of October 1917 of the architects, painters, scientists, builders, engineers, industrial and French bankers took an active part to the creation of the Capital of the North, helped towards its development and its blossoming.
The author of the first building of the city - a fortress in wood in clay - was the genius's officer Joseph-Gaspard LAMBERT OF GUERIN, general of France in service in Russia.
Architect John the Baptist LEBLOND was invited of France to create a garden "to the picture of the one of Versailles", garden that Peter the Big qualified "true curiosity". LEBLOND brought with him in 1716 all a team of carvers, of drawers, of smelters, of stone tailors, of jewelers and other masters French craftsmen. The newcomers had to not only work in St.-Petersburg but also to form some Russians " without hiding anything or to say nothing about ". On the Vassilievski island, next to the Palace Menchikov, formed itself a whole French suburb. Peter himself, knowing the arts and professions well, came there from time to time and "condescended to be interested in works".
Tiny Zayachy Island contains the oldest building in town - the Peter & Paul Fortress. It was built in 1703 while Peter the Great was still roughing it in a log cabin overlooking his golden embryonic city (the cabin is preserved as a shrine-like museum), and designed according to plans by the man himself. Its original purpose was to defend the land newly acquired from the Swedes. However, its main use up to 1917 was as a political prison and the first inmate was Peter's own son Alexey (Peter supervised his son's torture), who was followed by other notables such as Dostoevsky, Gorky, Trotsky and Lenin's older brother, Alexander.
The cathedral, though plain on the outside, has a magnificent baroque interior. Most of Russia's Romanov rulers are buried here. Between the cathedral and the Senior Officer's Barracks is a strangely proportioned statue of Peter the Great - rubbing his right forefinger apparently brings good luck.
Visit the Fortress of Peter and Paul , the place where the city was founded.
Fondest memory: When Russia was at war with Sweden, at the beginning of the XVII century, the earthen fortress was laid here, later it was rebuilt in stone . In the centre of it there is a grand cathedral of Peter and Paul .
Visit the Peter&Paul Fortress...........
This is one of the most outstanding historical and architectural landmarks in St Petersburg,a fortification structure of the early 18th century.
The history of the fortress is connected with the Russian people for their historical louds and the construction of the St Petersburg on the banks of the Neva river.
On the territory of the fortress was burial place for the Romanov's Family,Russian Tsars beginning from Peter the Great.
The remais of the last Russian Tsars Nicolas II,his wife and 4 children's are buried also here in July 17,1998,the family was shot in 1918 by Bolcheviks under Catherinburg,Siberia.
The Fortress was not destined to play any active role as a defense structure of the city.
for two centuries it served as a political prision and now it is a musseum.
Favorite thing: Visit Peter & Paul Fortress. In the center of the Fortress there is Peter and Paul's Cathedral (1727, architect D. Trezzini) which is the burial place of all Russian Emperors.
Go to The Peter-and-Paul Fortress.
Fondest memory: St. Petersburg was not only the capital of the Russian Empire. Another reason to have a fortress is the status of Petersburg as a city on the country's border. Fortress itself is very beautiful, and you should definitely take a guided tour on it to hear its history.
Fondest memory: Saint Peter and Paul Fortress. This fortress is the first building build in Saint Petersburg. All Russian emperrors are buried here.
Favorite thing: St.petersburg is situated in the Neva river -one of the greatest rivers in Russia! There're this river and 'Petropavlovskaja krepostj' (fortress)in the photo!!!