Visit to Female Monastery dedicated to St. John of Kronstadt (Russian: Иоанн Кронштадский) was not be part of guided tour, but we have a luck that our tour guide was so kind to bring us to this sacred place for free.
The Monastery is located on riverbank Karpovka.
The complex of Monastery is very big. It have a very big church, Monastery lodging and courtyard fenced with high walls and with big gate.
The church have a three level. In basement is a church museum. One part is dedicated to mother prioress, head of the monastery from the early 20th century and other the patron of monastery St. John of Kronstadt. From one of nuns you could find out many things of Monastery, life in there, its patron and meritorious.
On ground flour you could find a reception and ask about Monastery.
The regulations require compliance with certain rules about dress code, as in all the monasteries. For women are required skirts and scarves to covered the hair, and men long pants and covered shoulders. Below the stairs is a cabinet with simple skirts that you can pull on pants and scarfs to cover head. If you don't have that themselves you can use for free, and of course, be returned on leaving the temple.
On upper flour first you find a gift shop and big church. The holly mass is run by nuns.
Locally known as the "Church of the Savior on the Spilled Blood", the Church of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ marks the spot where Tzar Alexander II, known for abolishing serfdom in 1861, was murdered by a member of a terrorist group called the "People's Will" on March 13, 1881. The group succeeded assassinating the czar by a hand-thrown bomb. His son & heir, Alexander III was determined to erect a church on this site in memory of his father and furthermore to have it built in the "traditional Russian" style to counter what he saw as the "contaminating Western influence of Petersburg." Construction on this remarkable church began in 1883. Inspired by St. Basil's in Moscow, the church is a quintessential Russian design featuring onion domed towers and exquisite mosaics which lavishly decorate the church inside and out.
After the Revolution of 1917, the church was seriously abused and deprived of much needed maintenance. It was closed for decades when the government of the time did anything and everything to discourage and rid the country of its religious heritage. Part of this movement was the destruction of churches. This particular church survived most probably because it was assigned another use!!
Thankfully, the church was made a branch of St. Isaac's Cathedral around 1970 and it was through funding from St. Isaac's that the "Church of the Savior on the Spilt Blood" was able to be so beautifully restored for all the world to appreciate. The restoration took 25 years and cost 4.6 million rubles --- not an insignificant sum considering the relatively unstable Russian economy of the time period. Thus, an architectural & cultural masterpiece was saved and reopened in August, 1997.
We were not allowed inside the church, (probably because of time constraints) but apparently one of the most impressive works inside is the shrine built on the spot where Alexander II was mortally wounded! As you can see from the accompanying photo, it is quite a busy place and one of the main attractions in St. Petersburg. If you have time, look for the flea market located behind the church for souvenirs. We missed that!
A postcard of the "Church on the Spilt Blood" was sent to me by Natalya2006 who lives in St. Petersburg and who gave me my first look at this magnificent church. It was wonderful to see it in person.
Admission to the church is quite expensive because restoration is expensive and still on-going. Additional fees apply for use of cameras & videos. Unfortunately, for some reason many of my photos posted on this page seem to have deteriorated and become lighter and therefore do not actually portray the rich coloring of the mosaics.
From the expresstorussia.com site come the following details of hours and admission prices (2013) Also for more history, please visit that site
Address and Contact Details:
2b Nab. Kanal Griboedova
Metro: Nevsky Prospect
11:00-19:00 in the summer (May 1st – Sept 15th) 10.00-19.00. Last entrance is an hour before closing.
NOTE: This entry does not list separate prices for Russians versus foreigners but I would assume that exists as it does at other sights in the city.
250 roubles for an adult, 150 roubles for a student with an ISIC, 50 roubles 7-18year old.
Audio guide is available in several languages for 100 roubles.
The church was named "The Church of the Birth of St. John the Baptist" as it was consecrated on the birthday of John the Baptist. As it was built to honour the Battle of Chesma which the Russians won in 1770, the church is also popularly known as the "Chesme Church."
The church is located in Red Village, which was a country estate of the Sergey Poltoratski family, friends of Alexander Pushkin. It is situated in an area that was known as Kekerekeksinen (Finnish: frog swamp) which is now in a housing area known as Moskovsky Prospekt, approximately halfway between Park Pobedy and the Moskovskaya metro station. While the church was built at a very ordinary location in 1770, over the centuries, it become part of the city of Saint Petersburg. Located between St. Petersburg and the Summer Palace in Tsarskoye Selo, it served as a traveler's resting place.
In 1777, King Gustav III of Sweden attended the laying of the church's foundation. The church was built between 1777 and 1780. It is a memorial church to honour the 1770 Russian victory at the Battle of Chesme. Empress Catherine II chose the site as it was here that she got the news of the Russian victory over the Turks. Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor was present at the church's consecration.
The knights of the Order of St. George were also in possession of the church at some point when it was given the third name, "St. George’s Church."
The church and the Chesme Palace became a labour camp when the Soviet government occupied it. In 1923, the church was closed and used as a storehouse. Between 1941 and 1945, the church suffered damages during the "Great Patriotic War". During the Second World War, the Institute of Aviation Technology took possession of the Church and the Chesme Palace. During 1970–75, it was fully restored under the supervision of the architects M.I. Tolstov and A.P. Kulikov. In 1977, the church became a museum of the Battle of Chesme (with artifacts from the Central Naval Museum). Religious control was restored to the Russian Orthodox Church in 1991, and regular church services have been held at the church since then.
The church, built in Gothic Revival style faces southwest. Painted pink and white, the church appears like a "candy cone, with long, vertical white stripes (embossed vertical string cornices drawn together with figured horizontal fascias) giving the impression that it’s rising straight up from the earth like a mirage and shooting upwards." The church was built by Yury Felten who was the court architect to Catherine the Great.
The inspiration for adopting the pseudo-Gothic style of architecture was a symbol of "the exoticism of the Turkish architecture but also reflected the Anglomania that significantly influenced the design of Catherine’s palaces and the parks surrounding them". While the Chesme Palace was built on these lines, the Church of John the Baptist was also built in a similar style. This style introduced during Catherine's time came in vogue in Russia in the subsequent centuries as well. It is also said that the choice of the Gothic Revival architecture style was indicative of "triumph for ancient northern virtues in the spirit of the crusaders."
The church was built with brick and white stone. It has a "quatrefoil" layout in the form of four semi cylinders with barrel vaults. Filials, spires and lancet windows were built over it, and the edifice emerged as a fusion of Gothic and neo-Gothic motifs. The quatrefoil design was common in the late 17th century in many private estate churches and the style was known as the “Moscow baroque”. During the 18th century, its adoption during Catherine's reign was considered an experimentation reflecting "the increasing secularization of the upper nobility." The entrance to the church has a neo-Gothic Rose window and a round window above it. The entrance portal has sculptures of angels. The main tower and four small towers have small domes, which are replacements of the traditional onion domes commonly seen in Russia. The cross that was fixed on the central turret originally was substituted with the Russian proletariat symbol of toil in the form of a hammer, tongs and anvil. The walls are striped and crenellated. The impressive relief design on the top of the walls is also in the form of crenellated parapet with pinnacles. There is also a 100 kilograms (220 lb) bell in one of the towers. The interior, which originally had Italian icons, was destroyed in a fire in 1930. However, it was restored when the church was refurbished.Inside the church, there are many iconic paintings and one particular painting of interest is that of Christ’s arrival in Nazareth. When it was a naval museum, there was a vivid painting, in rich colours, depicting the sea battle and Russian victory over the Turks, in place of the “Christ the saviour in the iconostasis-less altar apse”. Nothing remains of the original interiors.
The exterior views of the church are impressive. The lanterns on the roof are stated to be similar to those seen on the Gothic temple at Stowe House.
The church precincts have been used as a reliquary for war heroes since the time of its consecration and during the Siege of Leningrad. The cemetery is known as the "Chesmenskoe War Veterans' Cemetery", and contains unnamed graves dated 1812-1944 of those who died in Russian wars.
The coffin of Rasputin rested in Chesme Church before his burial at Tsarskoye Selo in 1916.
Dormition of the Mother of God Cathedral is dedicated to the citizens who died in the Siege of Leningrad. The cathedral was laid down on 29.08.1996 on the place where during the siege used to be the cemetery.
In the city center there rises up a wall of a fortress or better to say its part. The wall is well-known to those who come to the Moscow railway station by car. But for me when I saw the wall, it was a wonderful view.
Actually it is a part of a temple of the Feodorovsky icon of Divine mother which was constructed for the 300th anniversary of the House of Romanov. The temple was constructed in 1910-1913 according to the project of architect S. S. Krichinsky. Now the church is closed for renovation, but the works on the bell tower are already finished and next to the temple a rather big chapel is constructed.
It is very nice to walk around the the little island of the Peter and Paul Fortress: lots of greenery,
nice beaches, benches, small kiosks where you can buy the delicious Russian ice-cream and other goodies, and if you are not to tired after all the walking, you can continue on the other side, crossing the bridge and getting into the Alexandrovsky garden.
Saint Peterburg on foot is just great!
The history of the church of Our Lady of Lourdes in St. Petersburg starts in 1891 with a little chapel of the Immaculate Conception being built by the French catholics, who were a part of the multinational community of St. Catherine of Alexandria church. The main sacred thing in the chapel was the statue of Our Lady, brought from Lourdes, France. The worship of Our Lady of Lourdes was very widespread by that time throughout the Catholic Church, after defining a dogma of Immaculate Conception in 1854, and appearance of the Lady in Lourdes in 1858.
The French community ordered the stone church of Our Lady project from the architect Leonty Benoit (1856-1928), son of a famous Petersburgian architect, academician Nicolas Benoit (1813-1898), who has been for a long time the syndic of the French catholic community of St. Petersburg. The preliminary plan, made by 1902, suggested the building of three-aisled basilica in the Roman style using the elements of Northern Modern.
In spite of all the efforts made by the French Community, the building constantly lacked the money. This was the major circumstance to stop the works and remake the architect project. L. Benoit developed the new project together with M. Peretyatkovich (1872-1916), who changed the project to make it cheaper.
A number of the significant events from the Catholic Community of St. Petersburg and even Catholic Church in Russia history are connected with the church in Kovensky lane. For many years it was the only operating Catholic Church in St. Petersburg and one of two throughout Russia. From the middle of 1990s there have been several: the statue of Our Lady of Fatima, brought from Portugal (November 6-7 1997), the relics of Thérèse of Lisieux (France) (March 5-8 1998), Our Lady icon “The icon of wisdom” (Greece) (April 2004).
There is a church where in the soviet times the swimming pool used to be. It’s the oldest in the city Lutheran Church of St. Peter. The previous building (which is destroyed by now) was built in 1728 – 1730 by the architect Domenico Tresini.
The current building was put in 1838. The architect is Alexander Bryulov.
In 1938 the church was closed. First, there was the vegetable storage in here, but later the swimming pool of the Baltic Sea Steamship line was opened in the cathedral. The church has survived all of this, and was returned to the German Lutheran community in 1992. Nowadays it’s the major cathedral of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Russia.
Next to the church in 1999 there was placed the bust to J. Goethe. It’s an expressive and unusual bust; do pay attention to it if passing by.
Our visit was included in an afternoon tour of the city including the Peter & Paul Cathedral.
Walking towards the cathedral it did not strike me as "anything special", however upon entry the "WOW" factor hit. Such a beautiful place full of history. beautifully restored.
Easy to spend an hour or two here.
The Royal Family have been buried within the Cathedral for centuries. An impressive burial place which is seen and photographed by hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. The banners and engraving are in Russian, it would be nice to have an English transcription.
The Saint Petersburg Mosque, when opened in 1913, was the largest mosque in Europe. The mosque is situated in downtown St Petersburg, so its azure dome is perfectly visible from the Trinity Bridge across the Neva. It can accommodate up to five thousand worshippers.
The founding stone was laid in 1910 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the reign of Abdul Ahat Khan in Bukhara. By that time, the Muslim community of the Russian capital exceeded 8,000 people. The projected structure was capable of accommodating most of them. The architect Nikolai Vasilyev patterned the mosque after Gur-e Amir, the tomb of Tamerlane in Samarkand. Its construction was completed by 1921.
Worshippers are separated by gender during a worship service; females worship on the first floor, while the males worship on the ground floor. The St. Petersburg Mosque was closed and was made into a warehouse during the Second World War. At the request of the people the mosque was returned to the Muslim community of the city in 1956. A major restoration of the mosque was carried out in 1980.
St.George's church is of modern constuction having been built in 1994. The temple became the first stone church built in the city since 1917.
The temple was erected in memory of the great Victory, over its 50-years anniversary. It is interesting to note, what exactly on May, 6th, 1945 the government K.Denitsa's gross-admiral had declared for the whole world defeat of Germany and its readiness for capitulation.
The Church of the Nativity of Christ is situated in the Sredniya Rogatka area not far from the Monument of the Herioc defenders of Leningrad. Its of fairly modern contruction having been built in 1999. The architect was A.M.Lebedev.
Here also you will find other what i would call "picturesque churches".
The attched website is in russian only.
Mosque St. Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́ргская мече́ть), opened in 1913th . This building was the largest mosque in Russia. It have a 49 m high minarets and 39 m high dome. It can accommodate 5000 faithful. Author was architect Nikolay Vassilev. Model for his design was Gur-e Amir, the tomb of Timur in Samarkand. The construction was finished in 1921st.
The foundation stone was placed 1910th to commemorate the 25th Anniversary of rule Agate Abdul Khan in Bukhara, Uzbekistan. At the time of the Russian capital's Muslim community numbered 8,000 people, and the mosque could accommodate most of them.
Believers are separated during services by gender, women are on the floor, and the woman on the ground. The mosque was closed to the faithful since 1940 to 1956.
Buit in 1906-1908. Architect D.A.Krizhanovsky. Today, services are not held there, because now the center of design working is situated in this building.
An intersting design of building and well worth a look.