This photo was taken whilst on a evening cruise along the Neva River and canals. A good method of obtaining an uninterupted view of many of the important buildings, palaces a historical points of St Petersburg.
This is the oldest building in St. Petersburg and is dated 1703. Its purpose was to stave off Swedes but it didn't see any action.
Until the beginning of the 20th century it was used as a prison. Dostoevsky 'enjoyed' some time here!!!
Wandering around the grounds is free but if you want to go into one of the attractions you have to pay. It is possible to get a ticket to cover all entries and I believe it is valid for more than 1 day.
Nevskaya Panorama, the cathedral, bell tower & Commandant House.
There is a very uninspiring cafe in the grounds.
The Lonely Planet guidebook raved about this place, as did a friend who visited a year earlier. For me, it didn't quite hit the spot and I did not spend the recommended 1/2 day here... t was full of tourists and tour groups and I just got annoyed!!! I was more drawn to the cathedral mosque just down the road from the fortress!!
This familiar site you can see on my photo is site we saw when we arrive and last place we saw upon departure to Russian capitol. Somehow, the island and his famous fortress is not be part our organized tour guide. Our tour guide was tell us many story and facts about this place. We simply could not miss it. When we arrive on island, everything (except the island itself) was close. During white nights, you must be aware of time. Nevertheless, it was wonderful experience walking inside fortress. We take a picture a lot, chitchat with locals and other lost tourists (or simple budget travels). Even is wort of every single dime, it is very expensive country.
So, we walking around, reading the touristic information, try to remember what we hear that day from our tourist guide. Take picture and walking, and all that again.
Some lessons from history:
On May 12th 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans, and set to replacing that fortress. On May 27th1703, closer to the estuary (5 km/3 miles inland from the gulf), he build the Peter and Paul Fortress, which became the first stone building of the new city.
The highlight of our walking tour on Hare island is chilling on bench on Neve river and famous Neva gate (Russian: невскiя ворота) from 1787, in one period through them prisoners were taken to their execution or to Schussleburg fortress.
The main entrance is the Ioanovskie Vorota (John Gate), the only part of the fortress in its original condition from 1717-18. There are statues of Mars and Venus in niches nearby. In the fortress is the Petropavlovski Sobor (Cathedral of Sts Peter and Paul) built in Dutch style from 1712 to 1721 by Trezzini, and reconstructed by Rastrelli and Chevakinski in 1750. The interior contains many important artistic works. Here are buried all the Tsars from Peter I on, except Peter II and Nicholas II. There are other interesting buildings inside the fortress, including the state mint.
Peter and Paul Fortress was founded by Peter the Great and was erected in just one year between 1703 and 1704 during the Great Northern War against Sweden. The fortress was never used to defend the city but it was used as a political prison under the Tsar. Inside the fortress is the main attraction for visitors the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul where Peter the Great was buried.
Llegamos en Metro a la isla , nos bajamos en la estación de Gorkovskayay y entramos en la Fortaleza de Pedro y Pablo por la puerta de San Pedro en la que se puede ver un escudo con el águila bicéfala de los Romanov , con el escudo que tiene a San Jorge y al dragón y un relieve en el que se ve como San Pedro arroja de las nubes en que está rodeado de demonios a Simón el Mago
Si sólo vas a pasear la entrada es gratis , si quieres conocer sus edificios hay una entrada combinada que los cubre todos menos las vistas sobre el Neva desde la muralla
La fortaleza está en la parte más ancha del río Neva , de forma exagonal , originalmente se iba a utilizar para defenderse de las invasiones suecas pero se utilizó como cárcel hasta 1917 .Dentro podemos visitar La casa de la moneda , la Catedral de San Pedro y San Pablo , donde están enterrados casi todos los zares Rusos así como muchos miembros de la familia real , la Casa del Comandante, las mazmorras , la playa de San Petersburgo , la estatua de Pedro el Grande , que realmente medía más de dos metros , pero que no tenía una cabeza tan pequeña
Desde la muralla hay unas vistas panorámicas impresionantes de San Petersburgo
Como anécdotas contaremos :
- La hora del Almirante . A mediodía se dispara un cañonazo desde el siglo XVIII , que es la hora en que se suponía que el Almirante tomaba su vodka antes de comer.
- La Cruz que está en la aguja de la Catedral a 122metros se inclinó y el Zar no conseguía a nadie que quisiera repararla a pesar de que ofreció conceder cualquier cosa que quisiera el que lo reparara. Al fin salió un voluntario que al terminar el trabajo le pidió al rey una copa que fuese llenada gratuitamente de vodka por los taberneros de San Petersburgo durante toda su vida . En una de las primeras borracheras le robaron el vaso , así que el Zar decidió marcarle a fuego en la cara el escudo real , de forma que le pudieran reconocer en todas las tabernas y le dieran una copa de Vodka
We arrived to the Gorkovskayay Metro station and walked to the Fortress of Peter and Paul by the gate of San Peter, where you can see a coat of arms with the double eagle of the Romanovs, with the shield that has St. George and the dragon and terrain in which is San Pedro throwing from a cloud and surrounded of demons to to Simon Magus
If you are only visiting the fortress the admission is free, but if you want to know their buildings there are a combined ticket that covers all the visits but the view over the Neva from the wall
The fortress that is in the widest part of the river Neva, of hexagonal form, was originally going to be use to defend off the Swedish invasions but it was used as a jail until 1917.
Inside you can visit the Russian Mint, the Cathedral of St. Peter and San Paul , where are buried almost all Russian tsars and many members of the royal family, the house of the Commander, dungeons, St. Petersburg beach, the statue of Peter the Great , who really was over two meters, but he had not a head so small
Since the wall are breathtaking panoramic views of St. Petersburg and the Neva river
We can tell some curiosities :
- The time of the Admiral. At noon a cannon is fired , since the eighteenth century, which is the time it was supposed that the Admiral takes his vodka before lunch.
- The Cross in the Cathedral the needle is 122 meters high and it was bent. The Tsar could not find anyone who wanted to repair it , even though he offered to grant whatever they would like to repair it. At last came a volunteer and after the work it was done he asked the king a free cup of vodka that would be filled daily by the innkeepers in St. Petersburg for life. In one of his first drunks , the cup was stolen, so the Tsar decided to mark with fire in his face the royal shield, so that he could be recognized in every tavern and they should give him a glass of Vodka
For some reason, the statue of Peter the Great is one of the most controversial monuments to be erected in St. Petersburg in the last 10 years. An American sculptor of Russian descent created the "alter ego" of Peter the Great in his statue, who apart from being a great reformer was also a cruel and ruthless man.
From the shine, I think people may rub the statue for good luck!
The Fortress was built on a small island in the Neva delta on May 27th,1703, so ever since then, 27th, May, 1703, is considered St.-Petersburg foundation day.
The work on the fortress proceeded very quickly because Peter the Great expected an attack of the Swedish Navy from the Gulf of Finland. The fort is large, occupying the whole of Zayatchy (Hare) island.
In 1718 the fortress became a state political prison when Peter's 28-year old rebellious son, Alexei, was imprisoned in the Trubetskoy Bastion and beaten to death there. Alexei was the first political prisoner to be tortured to death and buried in the fortress. In 1887 Lenin's brother was imprisoned here for the attempt to kill Czar Alexander III and was later executed.
Thus, the fort originally built to protect the city, in practice became a prison for Russians, so called Russian Bastille. Its status was only changed in 1918 when it became a city museum.
Parts of the former jail are now open to the public.
In the middle of the fortress stands the impressive Peter and Paul Cathedral, the burial place of all the Russian Emperors and Empresses from Peter the Great to Alexander III. The Cathedral was the first church in the city to be built of stone (between 1712-33)
Other buildings in the fortress include the City History Museum and the Mint, one of only two places in Russia where coins and medals are minted.
ADMISSION TO MUSEUM
All the museum's buildings are open Thursday to Monday, 11 am to 6 pm
Tuesday - 11 am to 5 pm. Ticket offices close one hour earlier.
The museum is closed on Wednesdays, but the grounds remain open.
A Museum ticket allows you to visit the Peter and Paul Cathedral (containing the tombs of Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, Nicholas II and other tzars) plus permanent and temporary exhibits located throughout the fortress grounds.
Tickets can be bought at the ticket office near the Ioannovsky Gate or at the Boat House near the cathedral.
From 6 pm to 7 pm, Thursday to Tuesday, admission to the Cathedral is free.
Our tour guide took us as far as Petrovskye Gate so we could have a look.
This gate was built between 1717 and 1718, and is a bit like a triumphal arch.
What is nice, is the large relief of the "Apostle Peter striking down Simon the Wise"
This was done to commemorate the Russian victory over Sweden in the Northern War.
The two-headed eagle, the Russian Coat of Arms, are immediately above the arch.
Peter the Great decided to build a fortress for the protection of the Swedish army and navy. The fortress was built on a small island in the Neva delta on May 27 (May 16, Old Style) in 1703 and it became the birthday of the city. Since 1712 Fortress served as a prison guard, and high political security. Among the first prisoners were the rebellious son of King Peter - Alexei, Dostoevsky, Gorky, Trotsky and Lenjonov older brother Alexander. Parts of the former prison are now open to the public
In the middle there is an impressive fortress of Peter and Paul katredala, where buried all the Russian emperors and empress of Peter the Great, Catherine, and Alexander III. The cathedral was the first church in the city which is built of stone (1712-33) and it has very unusual look for the Russian Orthodox Church.
At the top is golden angel holding a cross, with a height of 404 m,the cathedral was the tallest in the city,before the construction of TV towers.
Here is the Historical Museum Mint is one of two in Russia where he minted money and medallions.
All buildings in the fortress are open from Thursday to Monday from 11 to 18, to Tuesday from 11 to 17, and the museum is closed on Wednesdays.
Museum ticket allows you to visit the Cathedral with the tombs and various exhibitions.
Evening of 18 to 19 hours to the cathedral entrance is free (except Wednesday)
Lots of the visitors of the city pay a visit to St.Peter and St.Paul's Cathedral located on the territory of St.Peter and St.Paul's Fortress.
St.Peter and St.Paul's Cathedral was built in the first half of the 18th century by the Italian architect Domenico Trezzini.
The cathedral is famous for the huge golden spire of the belfry with the globe and the angel weather vane on its top.
All in all the entire cathedral is about 122 meters high.
It was the tallest building in the city before the TV tower was erected.
Almost all the Russian emperors beginning with Peter the Great are buried in this cathedral. The place where Peter I lies buried, to the right of the cathedral’s southern entrance, was chosen by the emperor himself.
The gravestones of Alexander II the Martyr and his wife are especially remarkable for these sarcophagi were carved from whole slabs: the first from Altai jasper and the second one from Urals rhodonite.
I often think about our visiting St.Peter and St.Paul's Fortress.
St.Peter and St.Paul’s Fortress stands on Zayachiy Ostrov (“Hare Island”).
Most of the visitors enter the fortress through St.Peter’s Gate. The gate is a work of art built by Domenico Tezzini in 1717-1718. It’s the only historical and architectural monument that has remained almost unchanged inside the fortress.
Until 1740 it was the main entrance to the fortress.
The gate has a unique wooden bas-relief created by Niccolo Pinean. The bas-relief depicts armor of the God of Sabaoth in the clouds.
There are other allegorical images glorifying the might of the Russian Empire.
You can see a square wooden bas-relief made by sculptor Konrad Osner in 1708. It depicts a pagan priest prostrated by Apostle St.Peter. This allegorical bas-relief expressed the omnipotence of the Czar Peter I and the people’s belief in the inevitable defeat of the Swedish King Charles XII.
Below the bas-relief you can see a lead effigy of a two-headed eagle, the coat-of-arms of the Russian Empire, that guards the archway of the gate.
Statues of ancient Roman goddesses stand in the niches of the archway: on the left is Minerva, the patroness of crafts and arts and on the right – Bellona, the goddess of war. These statues glorified the Czar as a wise military leader.
I couldn't help admiring the gate and used to stand in front of it and ponder.
Just amazing "plot of land" on the outskirts of a down town. During summer time or time when sun is actively present you can see a lot of people in their swimming suits getting some tan around the fortress wall. During winter you can see people who are swimming in icy water of the Neva river... Of course, you might see much more out there if you also are interested in the sights seeing. The Fortress was founded by Peter the Great in 1703. The one can visit the old fortifications; Peter and Paul Cathedral, where the founder and other Russian Emperors are buried; the cells of the bastion ...
The fortress was built in 1703 and was the first building to be erected in St Petersburg. This was a former prison with a beach in front. Its first prisoner was actually Peter the Great's own son Alexei and in later life housed political prisoners.
From here there is the daily 12 noon wake up call which is actually a cannon shot. Having heard similar sounds when up in Edinburgh it didn't make me jump as my friend expected me to.
You can sunbathe on the beach by the banks of the Neva on a sunny day. There is a museum of the city within which has very exhibits of the life of citizens of the city over the years.
Open: Thursday to Monday 11am to 6 pm, Tuesday - 11 am to 5 pm.
Entry into the fort is actually free but to visit the other attractions inside attract a charge - see more in the separate descriptions.
Construction on the Baroque cathedral commenced in 1712. From the outside the cathedral is very plain in appearance, but the amazing architecure inside more than makes up for it. The spire is its most notable exterior feature and it is second in height only to the TV tower in the city.
Inside you will also find the tombs of all of Russia's pre-revolutionary rulers from Peter the Great onwards (except Peter II and Ivan VI).There is also the recently reburied Tsar Nicholas and his family.
As well as the tombs there are also some beautiful icons that are well worth seeing.
Containing one of the oldest buildings in Petersburg, the Peter and Paul complex is a day out in itself. There are several museums, plus the walls to walk along and the main cathedral to visit. It is possible to buy a ticket to visit most of the places for 350 roubles (in January 2011 it was discounted to 250r as some parts of the complex were being renovated). The walls are not included in this price and nor is the waxwork museum. The main cathedral contains the bodies of most of the Tzars since Peter the Great including Nicolas II and his family in a side chapel just to the right of the entrance. The Prison is also not to be missed. You can see the cell where both Trotsky and Gorky were kept prisoner plus listen to recordings (in Russian) of memoirs of prisoners and see how the cells changed over time and how political prisoners where kept in different conditions to other prisoners. There is lots of information in English. The Commandant's House is a museum about the history of Petersburg which starts of rather unpromisingly but go up to the second floor and it becomes really interesting with lots of interactive exhibits and information about the history and the way that people used to live.