The undeniable highlight of the Peter and Paul Fortress is the cathedral at its centre. Built from 1712 to 1733 by Domenico Trezzini, it has a sumptuous baroque interior. It is the final resting place of all the Russian tsars from Peter the Great onward, except Peter II (Moscow Kremlin) and Ivan VI (Shlisselburg).
From the outside, the cathedral can easily be found thanks to its 122-m spire, topped with a cross and an angel, which makes it the architectural building in Saint-Petersburg (surpassed only by a television tower built in the 1960s).
The cathedral is open from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Thursdays to Mondays and from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesdays. You must purchase a ticket to go inside. This ticket gives you access to the other fortress buildings as well.
Placed on the southern part of the fortress and as the name tells directly facing Neva is the sober but imposing Nevski Gate. It was added later to the fortress - built between 1784-1787, when the fortress was already mainly used as a political prison.
Later, the gate was called Death Gate, as its main use was to embark the prisoners for transport to the Schlusselburg fortress. Majority never got from there alive.
In the interior of the gate, you will see the markings of different floods that plagued the city. The main cause were always the winds from the baltic, that pushed the waves of the sea upwards the Neva estuary and raised its levels.
Built by Domenico Trezzini upon orders by Peter the Great with the express intent to distinguish it from the traditional russian style.
The result is a baroque cathedral with a slender 122m spire that dominates the skyline of the city. And the interior is done in a magnificent baroque style, but while dominated by gold, not at all heavy. And except for the iconostasis, it ressembles in spirit any baroque cathedral in Austria or Bavaria, a clear difference with classical orthodox cathedrals.
In the inside, you will find also the tombs of russian emperors, starting with Peter the Great. (With the exception of Peter II and Ivan VI).
It is on this island that on 16 may 1703 Peter the Great started the construction of St Petersburg - at least of the fortress.
While all the grounds are free, you need a ticket for the 7 museums situated inside, including the highlight - the cathedral of St Peter and St Paul with its impressive spire and Romanov imperial family tombs.
To get there, I recommend you to go on foot from the Winter Palace, pass by Strelka and enter the island by the Kronwerk bridge, then pass along Neva on the sandy beach and enter the fortress by the Nevsky Gate. (OK, this gate was mainly used to embark prisoners slated for exile or execution, but you will have time to appreciate the fortress and some great sights of Winter palace along the way...)
The most compelling reason to visit the Peter and Paul Fortress is to visit the Cathedral, which houses the tombs of most modern Russian royals, starting with Peter the Great himself. The remains of the family of Nickolas II's family, including Anastasia, have recently been moved to the cathedral, although they weren't open to the public while we were there.
Besides the Cathedral, I found the Fortress to be something of a waste of time. We bought tickets to see everything, and so we did, but regretted it afterwards. My advice-- buy a ticket to the Cathedral, walk around a bit outside and spend the rest of your day elsewhere in the city.
The fortress was founded on the Neva River on May 27, 1703 by Peter the Great and thus St. Petersburg was born.
It contains the Peter and Paul Cathedral with a spire 404 feet in the air (tallest building, at least until Gazprom), numerous exhibits and museums.
There are small entrance fees to many exhibits and though the fortress is open everyday, the exhibit buildings are closed on Tuesdays.
This is the old citadel of the city of Saint Petersburg and was founded by Peter the Great in 1703\, although the stone structures were not completed until many years later. Situated on an island in the River Neva, it was designed by Domenico Trezzini. It includes the prominent landmark Peter and Paul Cathedral and its style is very representative of the early Italian-influenced architecture of the city.
On the dark dim days of midwinter there is a mystical atmosphere inteh familiar sights of St. Petersburg. Don't be afraid to get ut and walk. Dress in warm layers of course and schedule a cup of coffee to keep warm!
The day to celebrate the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, WWII.
Decorations everywhere, a parade down Nevsky Propect which is closed to cars and a festival of military bands and music on Palace Square. You can follow the parade down NEvksy to the Palace Square. Other bands preform along the way and in other locations.
The Peter and Paul Fortress is very important - especially for people from the italian-speaking area of switzerland, since its architect (Trezzini) had come from this area. Peter the Great commissioned it in 1703 and wanted it built along the Neva River, so as to protect the city from attack by the Sweden.
Once inside the fortress walls you can visit the Peter and Paul Cathedral (where Russian czars and emperors are buried), the St. Petersburg City History Museum, the Commandant's House and Trubetskoy Bastion Prison, where even Dpstojevskj was at one time kept captive. The cathedral is something else... inside it's all gilded and glittering.
this massive brick building was built in 1860 as part of the fortifications of the peter and paul fortress. it now houses the artillery museum which has on display arms and artillery from medieval times to WWII. it also has an interesting collection of military vehicles and tanks from WWII.
The Peter and Paul Cathedral is located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress. The fortress, originally built under Peter the Great, is the first and oldest landmark in St. Petersburg built between 1703 and 1733 on Zayachy Island along the Neva River. Peter's main reason for building the fort was for protection against a potential attack by the Swedish navy during the Great Northern War.
The cathedral is named after Saints Peter and Paul and was the first Cathedral built out of stone in St. Petersburg. Its spire reaches a height of 130m and features an angel holding a cross at its top. Inside the cathedral are the remains of almost all the Russian Emperors and Empresses from Peter the Great to Nicholas II and his family who were finally laid to rest in July 1998.
The fortress is packed with small museums and things to see. Obviously, most people are there to see the cathedral and the tombs of the royal families. This means that many of the other things to see are not as crowded.
Founded in 1703, the Peter and Paul Fortress is the oldest building in the city. Peter planned it as a defense against the Swedes but defeated them before it was finished. Its main use was a political prison; famous residents included Gorky, Trotsky and Lenin's older brother. The 122 m tall, needle thin spire of the Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul remains one of the defining landmarks of the city. Dont miss the gorgeous baroqe interior. All of Russia's prerevolutionary rulers from Peter the Great onward, except Peter II and Ivan VI are buried here. It covers a huge area and some of the highlights of the area include: Naryshkin Bastion, Commandant's House, Alexandrovsky Park, Museum of Political History, Peter's Cabin, Kirov Museum( home of Sergei Kirov Stalin's henchman whos bloodstained cap is on display , he was shot in the head), Sigmund Freud Museum of Dreams, Botanical Gardens to the Kirovsky Islands. The whole area has so much to offer and a full day can be easily be spent taking in the sights.
I was looking forward to visit the Peter and Paul Fortress because i am such a fan of russian history.
I went almost inmediatly to the SS Peter and Paul Cathedral were almost every tsar is buried. It is impressive to see all those resting places specially for the last members of the royal family who are buried in the Grand Ducal burial vault. According to authorities Tsar Nicholas II and his family were not buried inside the cathedral properly because they didnt died as royal family per se. ( funny, like they had a choice when they were going to be murdered) .Make sure you visit the section of the fortress that overlooks the river and the city to the east, is an awesome view.