Each arcade was used for trading different kind of goods: there are 'flower' arcades, 'milk' arcades, 'vegetable' arcades, 'tabacco' arcades, 'oil' arcades, 'sweets' arcades, 'fish' arcades. Closer to the Volga river there are parallel to each other 'bread' and 'kvas' arcades ('kvas' is a Russian brewed sweet drink), and further down, parallel to the Volga, there are 'fish' arcades.
The first floor of arcades was used to trade, and the second floor was used to store the goods.
Now, there are different kinds of shops and a market in the arcades.
The cathedral consists of a 16th century red church with dark domes and a 19th century white church which houses the 13th icon of Our Lady of St. Theodore on the right of the iconostasis. This icon is known for its miracles and for various legends. There is actually another icon on the back of it.
BTW, it's not allowed to take pictures inside.
Our Saviour Church in Arcades
This five-domed brick plastered temple was constructed in 1766. The extensive refectory was built partially in the building of the Red Arcades. That's why it has the wrong form in plan with the arranged from the north small dome. The Bell Tower constructed by S.Vorotilov, was built in spirit of late baroque, especially it is brightly expressed in the top circles of the Bell Tower.
- Historical Travel
The obelisks of the Moscow Gate are located on the quay of the Volga, welcoming visitors arrived in the city by boats. It got such a smart appearance in 1823 when Kostromian people expected the arrival of the Emperor Alexander I. Architect P.Fursov constructed these obelisks.
The Drama Theatre is one of the oldest in Russia. It is in the Prospect Mira, next to the Gentry Assembly. It was built on donations of a successful fund-raising campaign and was opened in 1863. Originally it was built in the architectural style known as classicism, but throughout decades of all sorts of embellishments became much more eclectic combining a number of architectural styles.
In 1923 the Kostroma Theatre was named after the famous Russian playwright Alexander Ostrovsky. And it's the only theatre in Russia where at different periods of its history every play by A. Ostrovsky was staged.
There is a monument to Alexander Ostrovsky opposite the building of the theatre.
Big Flour Arcades
Both to the left and right of the Susanin monument we can see the two trade rows originally called the Big Flour Rows and Red Rows
The Big Flour Rows, as they were known in those days, is now the biggest food market-place of the town.
If you walk down to the Volga River, you'll see that there are many different arcades.
- Historical Travel
Monument to Lenin
Instead of the sculpture of Mikhail Romanov embellished with numerous figures of all the Czars and Queens of the Romanov dynasty years later the sculpture of Lenin was placed on top of the monument thus turning it into one of the most paradoxically unique historical monuments in history, haha!
a firetower that looks like a palace
Kostroma was a excursion from Moskau for a single day. I liked this town very much. The firetower of Kostroma looks really as a beautiful palace and there are some really beautiful cathedrals and monasteries in Kostroma.
It is a good idea to leave Moskau and drive to the countryside also, Russia is really a lot different there !
- Adventure Travel
Museum of Wooden Architecture
The best sight of Kostroma for me, with 21 wooden structures of various uses, various architectural styles and various ages.
But all beautifully decorated with wooden carvings - watch especially the residential houses for this: they will surprise you!
Despite the fact that one of their most famous pieces burnt down a couple of years ago, there is still plenty to see for an enthusiast!
- Museum Visits
- Historical Travel
Built in 1652 it has five domes. The crypt was used for burial of rich donors. The Godunov vault is in the west part.
They date back to the late 16th and early 17th century. In 1613 part of them were given to the Romanovs to live in. Today it’s a museum.
Fire Observation Tower
The Fire Observation Tower was built from 1824-27 by the local architect P.I. Fursov. Apparently it is still in use and UNESCO protected.
The oldest building on the square is from 1806-8, the Provincial Administration by architect A.D. Zakharov in classical style. The Guards House now houses the Literary museum.
Trinity Cathedral - interior
The paintings in the gallery leading to the main hall with the iconostasis are just awesome. The place is extremely crowded but it’s an absolute must see.
This impressive Lenin monument is interesting because the base of the monument is much older. Originally, there was a Tsar on top of it but he was replaced by Lenin.
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