Sochi is located approximately 1,600 kilometers from Moscow. You can get to Sochi by airplane (airport Adler) or by train. The Railway Station (1952) is one of the most remarkable buildings and landmarks of Sochi.
Besides that Sochi is a port and you can reach it by cruise ship. The Maritime Passenger Terminal (1955) is notable for its distinctive 71-meter-high steepled tower and four statues symbolizing the cardinal points. It's another landmark of Sochi in Stalin's architectural style.
You may also try to get to Sochi by car, but I never had such an idea because it will take two days from Moscow.
You can watch my 2 min 02 sec Video Sochi part 2 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.
TO SOCHI : I took a boat named APOLLONIA II from Trabzon which is a quite interesting trip last about 24 hours total :)) borded at 6 pm waited for loading of some fruit trucs, take off at 2 am, we were at Sochi coast afternoon but port was full so had to wait a few hours to be landed. Friendly athmosphere in the boat made us not to complain about situation.
Kiyitur-Trabzon tel:+90(462)326 2667 - 68
Sochi tel 929 301 / 996 6467
$60 one way includes a Cabin to sleep, there is nice food and a great bar on board.
There are regular minibuses from- to the airport of Adler, some 30 km south of Sochi- 35 mins without traffic delays, that cost 7 times less than the taxis. The 70 include the extra charge for the luggage.
There is a good Lufthansa flight from Frankfurt to city of Rostov-on-Don(The capital of Russian Southern Region).That's very near to Sochi.From Rostov Airport you can take an internal flight to Sochi(40 minutes flight) or take a taxi,go to Rostov railway station,there are plenty trains from Rostov to Sochi every day,every hour.Please note,Russians basically never speak English,use a good phrasebook or an Russian guide.Sochi is beautiful anyway.
Getting from Scandinavia to Western Caucasus for skiing is relatively complicated and potentially costly. The best is probably to have a charter company do this for you. The only active operator in this market in Norway is "Elbrus". Prices start from around 1700 USD for 8 days of skiing on extremely good snow and in a fantastic landscape. The lifts are old and rickety and slow, but that apart,it's extremely good skiing. Heliskiing is possible, and expensive.
Adler Airport due south on the coast from Sochi is serving all of coastal western Caucasus, the mountain hinterland such as Krashnaya Polyana as well as Sochi. It's an odd airport with the runway stuck out into the Black Sea, so you have the impression of landing on water.
Adler is served by a few airlines, and has connections by charters and scheduled flights from Moscow and a few other places.
I arrived by private jet and departed by the same and did on this occasion not have to bother with problems of papers, immigration etc., so I do not have much of a feel for how this airport operated.
In Sochi too there is a consistant network of buslines that are added by the famous (but chaotic) Russian mashootki. These mini van's turned to small busses, drive the same lines as the official city busses. The ride is little more expensive then the public busses, but faster and more frequently running.
Within the centre of Central Sochi, almost all distances can be done on foot, though one should have quite a good walking condition.
Of course, it's possible, but not many have had the pleasure to arrive in Sochi over the Black Sea and thus by boat. The marina (yaught harbour) is definately not as crowded with boats as many Mediterranean seaport and only few lines are to and from Sochi. One goes to Turkish Trabson, while others connect the various parts of Sochi along it's long coastline.
From all over Russia train run towards Sochi and it's outskirts. Krasnodar is often the last stop in the direction South before arriving in the Sochi district. Long distance trains are also quite luxereous for Western standards and above all cheap. Short distance trains however be less comfortable in summertime, when the average speed of the train is less then a 100 km per hour and the sun burns on top of the black roof. No airconditioing or ventilation lead to temperatures of 4o degrees Celsius plus which is for the five hours it takes from Krasnodar a complete hell (we experienced it, so in this case, take the night train).
Not very confortable and as I recall flight was very late. All of these airport (Baku, Yerevan, Sochi) were and maybe still are good excamples of so called planned economy. They built lots of everything, but hardly ever anything in good quality.