In the end of the XIX century - the beginning of the XX century architect J.Arenberg developed the project of the organization of a historical museum in the castle. However its realization was delayed and was not finished.
The Russian military department allocated money for its reconstruction. The castle got its view during this reconstruction. It carried by all the troubles through wars (Soviet-Finnish Winter war and World War II in 1940-1945) up till now.
A museum in a fortress opened only in 1970th years, after careful studying ensemble and carrying out of architecturally-archeological works by the Estonian restoration management under direction of architects H.I.Potti, E.A.Kaljundi and A.Rappoport.
Later two years after the Friderihsham treaty (1809), by the Alexander's decree it was formed the Great independent Finnish princedom which structure included Vyborg and the Vyborg province. However, the peace did not mean prosperity and well-being to the castle. Two terrible fires transformed "the ancient guard of city" into gradually collapsing skeleton of former magnificence. During several tens years it stood empty, serving only a haven of birds and rare treasure seekers.
In the XIX century, after the connection to Sweden of some Russian fortresses, value of Vyborg falled. The castle was used as an arsenal and even as a political prison. So, after the revolt in Petersburg on December, 14th 1825 the Decembrists A.Muhanov, I.A.Annenkov, M. F.Mitkov, M. S.Lunin contained in an imprisonment there. In 1856 during celebratory fireworks in honor of opening the Saimaa channel the fire flashed in the castle caused significant loss to the ensemble. Up till 1891 medieval architectural complex was empty.
Together with fire power of the castle which had 141 guns, 8 mortars and 2 howitzers in the XVIII century, the defensive complex represented the great strength. A successful site of a fortress on island, powerful defensive works, effective system of fire fight made the Vyborg castle unapproachable. A number of historic facts testifies this fact.
During the Northern war Peter I gave great value to Vyborg - to the city and a fortress as to the important advanced post on approaches to the new capital of Russia.
In 1442-1448 governors of the castle built on two floors the small building near to the Olaf's tower, having transformed all together in the refined and fine palace. New large civil work were connected with visiting the castle by the Swedish king Gustav Vaza in 1556. The castle was put into the reorganization which touched in basic tower.
Simultaneously it was started to dig an underground secret passage under the bottom of the gulf, connecting the city and the castle. In 1564 last large reorganization of a tower was made. The shape which was given to the castle in XVI century, was kept up till now. Only reconstructed and burned buildings some times varied in XVII - XIX centuries.
Unfortunately, early images of the castle-fortress which would allow to judge its initial shape were not kept. On the basis of the figure executed by Andreas Streng in 1642, it is possible to find out, that the tower combined from a stone was subsequently (in 1561-1564) disassembled up to a level of the second circle and erected again from a brick, and it was put an octahedron at the square basis. Now the tower has seven circles-floors, but ancient vaulted overlappings were kept only in bottom.
Improving strengthenings of the castle-fortress, Swedes built a bastion and auxiliary watchtowers. Two elevating bridges con-nected an island with the city at the coast of the gulf and with the cape on the opposite coast. Houses for soldiers of the garri-son, merchants and handicraftsmen were built at the bottom of Olaf's tower.
The Vyborg Castle is the most ancient of the Vyborg strengthenings, going back to the XIII century. It was erected on a small island (170 m x 122 m) at a mouth of the Vuoksa-river in the Vyborg gulf.
The high patrol and fighting serf tower of the castle received the name of the bishop Olaf who accompanied the Swedish army. This tower stood in the center of the island and had a height of 75 m.
Fondest memory: The wonderful Vyborg castle. Constructed by the Swedish in 1293 as a town-fortress after their conquering of Karelia. Later Vyborg become a trade center between Novgorod merchants and Karelian hunters. Vyborg got it's town status in 1403.
Favorite thing: Vyborg is set on a peninsula, surrounded by the waters of the Gulf of Finland. In front of our hotel, situated by the waterside, we had this nice view.