The Cathedral of the Transfiguration Christ. The decision about building a new Russian church was taken in summer 1783 during staying Empress Catherine II in the town of Vyborg. A draft was presumably done by N.A, Lvov, then it was remade by the architect I. Brokman (his target was to miniaturize the building). The stone cathedral was built for the state money during 1786-1788. The building is the Latin-cross-shaped in the plane. The Italian architecture influence is visible in the classical forms of the building. Building was headed by I. Brokman, A.Buybin was the contractor. Side-chapels were devoted to St. Nicholas and the Icon of the Mother of God "Consolation of All Who Sorrow". Vasily Fedorov was the first archpriest of the cathedral. During 1795-1796 a new bell tower was constructed then it was connected with the cathedral. The cathedral was repaired from 1816 until 1817, at the same time a golden cross was made.The new bell was presented by the merchant F. Nabilkov in 1838. The archipriest Pavel Vinogradov was the cathedral dean from 1828 until 1858. The cathedral was reconstructed from 1836 until 1866 (according to the project of the lieutenant-engineer Titov and the architect G.I. Karpov; the painting was made by S.V. Postemsky). Side-chapels were moved in the line with the main altar, a sacristy and cast-iron fence were constructed, the Russian style elements appeared in the decoration. The architect A. Isakson partly rebuilt the bell tower during 1888-1898. The Cathedral of the Transfiguration became the main cathedral of the Finland Eparchy from 1892. Antony (Vadkovsky) was the first bishop. During 1905-1917 the Orthodox Mission worked at the cathedral. The Cathedral was closed in March 1940, iconostases and the majority of the interior were lost. From 1941 to 1944 the cathedral was occupied by Finns for a storehouse of the captured weapon. In 1944 the building was suffered during battles. The cathedral was opened on 14 March 1948 according to the resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. In the early 2000s the cathedral was repaired. The Icon "The Saviour Oplechny", the Icon of the "Three-Handed" Mother of God, the Icon of "The Life-giving Source", the Icon of St. Nicholas are the cathedral objects of worship.
Only remains of medieval Vyborg's fortifications - city fortress tower. These fortifications were dismaunted in 1860-th.
The tower was built near 1470-th. In 16 AD after Gornwerk fortification construction it was transferred to the city magistrat disposal and was used as arsenal, belltower of Dominick monastery and Vyborg city church. The modern broach spire was made in 1758. The tower was badly damaged in 1940 (Winter War) and restored in the end of 1970-th. It is in domain
of Russian Orhodox Church now.
This magnificient fortification was built in 1547-1550 by Hans fon Bergen project as barbakan. It stood in front of the city walls and connected with the Karjaportti (Cattleyard Tower) by covered gallery. It's diameter is more than 21 meter.
It was used as mill warehouse, arsenal, debtor's prison in peaceful times. In 1861 it was transferred to city magistrat's disposal. The tower was reconstructed to restaurant of Vyborg's
Technical Club by famous Finnish architect Uno Ulberg. After the WWII the drug store warehouse was in there and in 1976 the restaurant was opened here again.
The Vyborg Castle is situated on a small island in the Castle Strait which was once the emptying of the Vuoksa River that connected the Gulf of Finland with Ladoga Lake.
The main building of the Castle is the St.Olaf Tower. Its brick walls with cannon loopholes make up an octahedron - this shape was considered the best to withstand bombardment. The shield baring three crowns (as in the coat of arms of the Swedish kingdom) was attached above the Tower portal by the appointment of King Eric XIV. The Tower being 48.6 m high is one of the tallest ones in Scandinavia. It is easy to see the space of 30 km from the observation deck of the Tower.
The so called "Tyuremnaya (Prison) Tower" of the Vyborg Castle is an example of the architecture of the Renaissance period known as "Vasa Renaissance" in Sweden. It prevailed in 1550-1650 when a lot of Italian and German masters were invited to work there.
The exhibit "From the History of the Vyborg Castle" brings the moments of the past. Bricks of the 15th century making the Raiskaya (Paradise) Tower before it was dismantled in the reconstruction of 1891-1894 are on display. The chambers adjacent to the Raiskaya (Paradise) Tower were the home for balls and magnificent celebrations arranged by Swedish King Karl Knutsson Bonde in the 15th century that was the peak period in medieval Vyborg flourishing. Dice with raw stock from a bone-carving shop of the 14th century and bone combs of the 14th-15th centuries that remained since then can be seen at the exhibit.
My sister's partner wanted to sit on a bench as it is becoming more and more difficult for him to walk distances while my sister and I walked around. We fell in love with this park. There are many arch bridges, none of them original, many paths, cliffs, trees, colourful flowers...it is simply a haven near the busy city.
In the 18th century the manor house and the park were called Lill-Ladugård. When Family von Stupish moved to the manor house in 1750 they began to call is Charlottendahl after Charlotte von Stupish. During that time the park got its appearance as landscape garden. Its present appearance is from 1788, when Family Nikolay lived there and it was then the park got the name Monrepos. Family Nikolay owned the manor house until the death of Marie von Nikolay in 1942. During the soviet era the park was called Park Kalinina and in 1988 it got back its old name - Park Monrepos. The park and especially the manor house are badly decayed and have been slowly renovated by voluntary Finns.
There's something I really must tell you! It was quite difficult to push my sister (she's in a wheelchair) over the arch bridge so I left her there and went to see if the path lead somewhere. When I was returning I saw a man in the bushes and he was naked! When he saw me he ran away holding his clothes in front of him. Later we saw him walking near the shore and he was wearing swimming trunks then and when we were leaving he stood there naked again! We still don't know if he was trying to get overall tan or what. He was not any exposer, at least we didn't think so!
One of my colleagues has been to Vyborg a couple of times and she warned me about taking a taxi and going to Monrepos Park. Anyway we asked our driver about it and he said there was no need to be afraid of going, so we took a taxi there and agreed with the driver that he would come and collect us in 90 minutes time. The park, though neglected now, is beautiful! No wonder that our mother told us so many stories about it and praised its beauty. It is from early 19th century and situated on an island. The estates haven't been looked after but you can still see how beautiful they are.
The castle was built in 1293 by the Swedes during the third Crusade to Karelia and is located in the Karelian Isthmus. In the 16th century a lot of renovations and additions were made. Viipuri was taken by the Russians in 1710, but passed back to Finnish hands in 1812 when all of Old Finland was attached to the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. The castle owes its present appearance to extensive restorations undertaken in the 1890s. The military of the Russian Empire used the castle until 1918 for housing administration.
The castle is Vyborg's main attraction and its tower can be seen almost everywhere in the city. When we arrived to the castle area they didn't sell tickets anymore so we sat there and admired it and decided that we would return on the following day, but at the end we didn't have time, so I will have go to back, don't I?
The Bell Tower of the old Cathedral, so called watchtower, is from the the 15th century and the upper part of it from the 18th century. For a small fee you can climb up and without a doubt have beautiful view over the town of Vyborg. I gave it a miss as my knee was bothering me and I was about to leave for a month to Southeast Asia and couldn't risk having serious problems with my knee. There's always another time...
Empress Catherine II instructions to build Russian Orthodox Church in Vyborg during her visit there in 1783. The church is designed by N.A. Lvovin. It was built of bricks in 1787–1789 in the new main square in Vyborg. It was quite a small church and presented classism and palladionism.
In the 1793's fire the old clock tower was so badly damaged that a new tower was decided to be built. The tower and extension of the church were finished in 1797. The interior of the church was renovated in 1816-1817 and in 1826 another side altar was built. The cupola of the church was renovated in 1863-1866 and over it they built a small onion cupola. More alterations were done in 1888-1889 and then the church got its present form.
In 1892 the church became a cathedral, when an Orthodox bishopric was founded in Finland.
Sweden's King Gustav Adolf had the Round Tower built between 1547-50 and functions as restaurant. On its walls are frescos by Topi Vikstedt (1891-1930). Our mother worked as waitress there when she was a young woman. Unfortunately there's nobody to tell us when it was and why she went there, but one of the main reasons for visiting Vyborg was to see where mum lived and worked. We think that she lived and worked there between so called Winter War and Continuation War. Before the war she was only 17 so it is not likely though not impossible that she would have left home and moved to the opposite side of the country then.
The centre of Vyborg is small enough to walk around. It is the best way to see things too. Fist when you arrive the city, you see the castle of Vyborg, built in the 13th century by the Finns.
Another nice place is the open area market place neighbourhood. You can really make a good bargain here and buy very nice hand made souvenirs back home.
Visit also the shopping hall (orange coloured from outside) if you want to see a Russian way of selling food and other stuff.
The so-called "Round Tower" is a very nice and beautiful place. Upstairs they have an upper class restaurant, where you can for instance taste the famous Russian dish "the blinis" served with hacked onion, smetana (a creamy thick diary product) and caviar.
Walking down the street beside the Park of Espilä (before the war there used to be a fine restaurant; now only some stairs left). The park is nice.
If you have a taxi or other transportation method, e.g. a bus with a group, go see the huge park area of "Monrepos". Before the war Finns made songs out of it, there are pretty white bridges and details in the park. I don't know if they have by now repaired the main building, the manor, when I was there last time (1996) it was in a very sad condition.
One word of warning: when in the market place, please watch out for petty crime; nothing dangerous but pickpockets and little "poor" children beggards might take your money or camera if you handle them too openly. Just common sense and you will be fine.
A part of the old city is deep coming in a gulf in the form of cape. It is surrounded by the most beautiful streets: a street of the Northern shaft and a street of the Southern shaft.
In the territory of the Old city near to them there are two temples: an orthodox Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy cathedral (arch. Lvov and Brokman, 1787) and Peter and Paul's lutheran Cathedral (arch. Brokman and Felten, 1799).
The museum exposition located in Paradise tower, east, west and southern buildings.
The Museum of underwater archeology is located in the commandant's house.
Museum's fonds are keeping in the Tower of the shoemaker. In the same place there is a cafe.
This view at store-room building, old prison and arsenals you can catch from the viewing platform of the St Olaf's tower.
Notwithstanding that buildings have not so presentable appearance, they make complete impression of a design of the medieval castle.
In a building of prison now there is a management of a museum (that symbolically!). Funds of a museum are located In a building of an arsenal.