Vyborg Things to Do

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    by akkipaa
  • Things to Do
    by akkipaa
  • Things to Do
    by akkipaa

Most Recent Things to Do in Vyborg

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    Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Christ

    by akkipaa Updated Dec 28, 2014

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    The Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Christ is also known as Preobrašensk's cathedral and it used to be the main church for Orthodox and it was built on the order of Catherine the Great, the longest-ruling female leader of the Russia (1729 - 1796) after she visited Viipuri 1783. The designer was N. A. Lvovin and it's done of bricks.

    The church got only minor damages during the War, it's like a miracle, and a lot of holy items were evacuated (like 105 icons and 238 holy textiles), the iconostases, chandelier, silver altar table and large icons remained on their place. Currently you can find those evacuated items from Finnish churches in Oulu, Lahti, Kajaani, Jyväskylä and Helsinki (Uspensk). The oldest are in the Ortodox church museum (in Kuopio).

    During Soviet era the church had other usage, but it was returned the church status and holied to cathedral by archimandrite Kirill, nowadays Patriarch of Moscow, on 3rd March 1976.

    History in peanut:
    - Built 1787-1789
    - Clock tower burned 1793 (new built on 1797)
    - Cathedral 1892 (Finland got own Ortodox congregation)
    - 1917 Finland got Indepence (Cathedral status "moved" to Sortaval)
    - 1940 Soviet occupied Viipuri
    - 1941 Finland occupied Viipuri back
    - 1942-1943 renovations (after those minor damages)
    - 1944 Soviet occupied Viipuri again (and holy items were evacuated)
    - 1973 new born as cathedral

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    Statue of Metsän poika (Son of the forest)

    by akkipaa Written Dec 28, 2014

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    The statue is from 1932 and carved by Yrjö Liipola. Liipola has been studied in Turku drawning school, Florence Art Academy, Paris and Berlin. He was against army call and "escaped" to Hungary coming back 1934.

    Statue is located in the Viipuri Town Park (and if you happen to be in Budapest, you find Liipola's statue "Vaaniskelija" there, probably in "Fiumei uri Sirkert").

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    Statue of Torgils Knutsson

    by akkipaa Written Dec 28, 2014

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    The statue is located on Torgils Knutsson square in front of old town hall just close to the harbor and the castle. It's carved by Ville Vallgren and it's from 1908 (with remark). Like others, this was partially destroyed during the War and renovated till 1993 to Viipuri's 700 years ceremonies. The statue laid forgotten in a warehouse from 1948 to 1975 and renovations started 1991.

    The statue was a symbol of Viipuri during Finnish era.

    Remark: Interesting is that Torgils is a Swedish hero and Fennomen argued against it postponing the placement from 1887 to 1908. Viipuri has been middle of War and you never know was the enemy a Swede, Russian, Finn or Karelian (and Mongolians and Vikings were here also long time ago).

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    The Library of Alvar Aalto

    by akkipaa Written Dec 28, 2014

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    The official name is The Library of Vyborg, but it is better known by it's designer Alvar Aalto. The library is of Functional style and built 1935, just some years before the War. It's on of the buildings made Alvar famous in the whole world. Viipuri held a architecture contest on 1927 and young Alvar won it. During Soviet times the building was deteriorated and renovated (1955-61) and according to Alvar Aalto it was ruined totally. After Soviet era Russians started slowly renovating it again 1993, but the final jump started after Tarja Halonen, the president of Finland met Mr. Putin and asked him that what is the situation with the building. Suddenly there were required funds to finalize the project Russian government funded it with 6M euros. The project was done by Sojuzstroirestavratsija which used to renovate old palaces. The grand opening were on 23 Nov. 2013 and the library has now the old glory.

    The project and the building were rewarded by World Monument Funds 2014.

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    Russian Orthodox church

    by Skillsbus Written Dec 27, 2012

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    The Cathedral of the Transfiguration Christ. The decision about building a new Russian church was taken in summer 1783 during staying Empress Catherine II in the town of Vyborg. A draft was presumably done by N.A, Lvov, then it was remade by the architect I. Brokman (his target was to miniaturize the building). The stone cathedral was built for the state money during 1786-1788. The building is the Latin-cross-shaped in the plane. The Italian architecture influence is visible in the classical forms of the building. Building was headed by I. Brokman, A.Buybin was the contractor. Side-chapels were devoted to St. Nicholas and the Icon of the Mother of God "Consolation of All Who Sorrow". Vasily Fedorov was the first archpriest of the cathedral. During 1795-1796 a new bell tower was constructed then it was connected with the cathedral. The cathedral was repaired from 1816 until 1817, at the same time a golden cross was made.The new bell was presented by the merchant F. Nabilkov in 1838. The archipriest Pavel Vinogradov was the cathedral dean from 1828 until 1858. The cathedral was reconstructed from 1836 until 1866 (according to the project of the lieutenant-engineer Titov and the architect G.I. Karpov; the painting was made by S.V. Postemsky). Side-chapels were moved in the line with the main altar, a sacristy and cast-iron fence were constructed, the Russian style elements appeared in the decoration. The architect A. Isakson partly rebuilt the bell tower during 1888-1898. The Cathedral of the Transfiguration became the main cathedral of the Finland Eparchy from 1892. Antony (Vadkovsky) was the first bishop. During 1905-1917 the Orthodox Mission worked at the cathedral. The Cathedral was closed in March 1940, iconostases and the majority of the interior were lost. From 1941 to 1944 the cathedral was occupied by Finns for a storehouse of the captured weapon. In 1944 the building was suffered during battles. The cathedral was opened on 14 March 1948 according to the resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. In the early 2000s the cathedral was repaired. The Icon "The Saviour Oplechny", the Icon of the "Three-Handed" Mother of God, the Icon of "The Life-giving Source", the Icon of St. Nicholas are the cathedral objects of worship.

    Russian Orthodox church Russian Orthodox church Russian Orthodox church Russian Orthodox church
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    Ratushnaya tower

    by Skillsbus Written Dec 27, 2012

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    Only remains of medieval Vyborg's fortifications - city fortress tower. These fortifications were dismaunted in 1860-th.
    The tower was built near 1470-th. In 16 AD after Gornwerk fortification construction it was transferred to the city magistrat disposal and was used as arsenal, belltower of Dominick monastery and Vyborg city church. The modern broach spire was made in 1758. The tower was badly damaged in 1940 (Winter War) and restored in the end of 1970-th. It is in domain
    of Russian Orhodox Church now.

    Ratushnaya tower Ratushnaya tower
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    Round Tower

    by Skillsbus Updated Dec 27, 2012

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    This magnificient fortification was built in 1547-1550 by Hans fon Bergen project as barbakan. It stood in front of the city walls and connected with the Karjaportti (Cattleyard Tower) by covered gallery. It's diameter is more than 21 meter.
    It was used as mill warehouse, arsenal, debtor's prison in peaceful times. In 1861 it was transferred to city magistrat's disposal. The tower was reconstructed to restaurant of Vyborg's
    Technical Club by famous Finnish architect Uno Ulberg. After the WWII the drug store warehouse was in there and in 1976 the restaurant was opened here again.

    Round tower
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    Vyborg Castle

    by Skillsbus Written Jun 30, 2012

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    The Vyborg Castle is situated on a small island in the Castle Strait which was once the emptying of the Vuoksa River that connected the Gulf of Finland with Ladoga Lake.

    The main building of the Castle is the St.Olaf Tower. Its brick walls with cannon loopholes make up an octahedron - this shape was considered the best to withstand bombardment. The shield baring three crowns (as in the coat of arms of the Swedish kingdom) was attached above the Tower portal by the appointment of King Eric XIV. The Tower being 48.6 m high is one of the tallest ones in Scandinavia. It is easy to see the space of 30 km from the observation deck of the Tower.

    The so called "Tyuremnaya (Prison) Tower" of the Vyborg Castle is an example of the architecture of the Renaissance period known as "Vasa Renaissance" in Sweden. It prevailed in 1550-1650 when a lot of Italian and German masters were invited to work there.

    The exhibit "From the History of the Vyborg Castle" brings the moments of the past. Bricks of the 15th century making the Raiskaya (Paradise) Tower before it was dismantled in the reconstruction of 1891-1894 are on display. The chambers adjacent to the Raiskaya (Paradise) Tower were the home for balls and magnificent celebrations arranged by Swedish King Karl Knutsson Bonde in the 15th century that was the peak period in medieval Vyborg flourishing. Dice with raw stock from a bone-carving shop of the 14th century and bone combs of the 14th-15th centuries that remained since then can be seen at the exhibit.

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    Monrepos Park, bridges

    by Sininen Updated Aug 11, 2008

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    My sister's partner wanted to sit on a bench as it is becoming more and more difficult for him to walk distances while my sister and I walked around. We fell in love with this park. There are many arch bridges, none of them original, many paths, cliffs, trees, colourful flowers...it is simply a haven near the busy city.

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    Monrepos Park, villas

    by Sininen Updated Aug 9, 2008

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    In the 18th century the manor house and the park were called Lill-Ladugård. When Family von Stupish moved to the manor house in 1750 they began to call is Charlottendahl after Charlotte von Stupish. During that time the park got its appearance as landscape garden. Its present appearance is from 1788, when Family Nikolay lived there and it was then the park got the name Monrepos. Family Nikolay owned the manor house until the death of Marie von Nikolay in 1942. During the soviet era the park was called Park Kalinina and in 1988 it got back its old name - Park Monrepos. The park and especially the manor house are badly decayed and have been slowly renovated by voluntary Finns.

    There's something I really must tell you! It was quite difficult to push my sister (she's in a wheelchair) over the arch bridge so I left her there and went to see if the path lead somewhere. When I was returning I saw a man in the bushes and he was naked! When he saw me he ran away holding his clothes in front of him. Later we saw him walking near the shore and he was wearing swimming trunks then and when we were leaving he stood there naked again! We still don't know if he was trying to get overall tan or what. He was not any exposer, at least we didn't think so!

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    Monrepos Park

    by Sininen Updated Aug 9, 2008

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    One of my colleagues has been to Vyborg a couple of times and she warned me about taking a taxi and going to Monrepos Park. Anyway we asked our driver about it and he said there was no need to be afraid of going, so we took a taxi there and agreed with the driver that he would come and collect us in 90 minutes time. The park, though neglected now, is beautiful! No wonder that our mother told us so many stories about it and praised its beauty. It is from early 19th century and situated on an island. The estates haven't been looked after but you can still see how beautiful they are.

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    The Castle

    by Sininen Updated Aug 9, 2008

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    The castle was built in 1293 by the Swedes during the third Crusade to Karelia and is located in the Karelian Isthmus. In the 16th century a lot of renovations and additions were made. Viipuri was taken by the Russians in 1710, but passed back to Finnish hands in 1812 when all of Old Finland was attached to the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. The castle owes its present appearance to extensive restorations undertaken in the 1890s. The military of the Russian Empire used the castle until 1918 for housing administration.

    The castle is Vyborg's main attraction and its tower can be seen almost everywhere in the city. When we arrived to the castle area they didn't sell tickets anymore so we sat there and admired it and decided that we would return on the following day, but at the end we didn't have time, so I will have go to back, don't I?

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    Bell Tower of old Cathedral

    by Sininen Written Aug 6, 2008

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    The Bell Tower of the old Cathedral, so called watchtower, is from the the 15th century and the upper part of it from the 18th century. For a small fee you can climb up and without a doubt have beautiful view over the town of Vyborg. I gave it a miss as my knee was bothering me and I was about to leave for a month to Southeast Asia and couldn't risk having serious problems with my knee. There's always another time...

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    The Cathedral of the Transfiguration of our Savior

    by Sininen Updated Oct 28, 2007

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    Empress Catherine II instructions to build Russian Orthodox Church in Vyborg during her visit there in 1783. The church is designed by N.A. Lvovin. It was built of bricks in 1787–1789 in the new main square in Vyborg. It was quite a small church and presented classism and palladionism.

    In the 1793's fire the old clock tower was so badly damaged that a new tower was decided to be built. The tower and extension of the church were finished in 1797. The interior of the church was renovated in 1816-1817 and in 1826 another side altar was built. The cupola of the church was renovated in 1863-1866 and over it they built a small onion cupola. More alterations were done in 1888-1889 and then the church got its present form.

    In 1892 the church became a cathedral, when an Orthodox bishopric was founded in Finland.

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    FAMOUS ROUND TOWER

    by Sininen Updated Oct 28, 2007

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    Sweden's King Gustav Adolf had the Round Tower built between 1547-50 and functions as restaurant. On its walls are frescos by Topi Vikstedt (1891-1930). Our mother worked as waitress there when she was a young woman. Unfortunately there's nobody to tell us when it was and why she went there, but one of the main reasons for visiting Vyborg was to see where mum lived and worked. We think that she lived and worked there between so called Winter War and Continuation War. Before the war she was only 17 so it is not likely though not impossible that she would have left home and moved to the opposite side of the country then.

    Round Tower in summer ...and in winter Sign of the restaurant Map on the wall Thick walls
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