Before you will get to the Resurrection cathedral you will first see the underground churches of the saints equal-to-apostles Constantine and Helen. You will step down under the ground and get into 2 small chapels that are beautifully decorated but unfortunately also almost too dark to take good photos and taking a flash is something I did not want to do, as the church is a place where most of the visitors are believers who come there in order to pray.
You will have to pay a small extra entrance-fee in order to be allowed to step up to the monastery-walls, but I am sure it is worth it : There is a small exhibition about the construction of the monastery in one of the towers and in another one there are monks singing,that was really great ! The walk on the walls also offers some extra photo-opportunities and a great view of the monastery.
Inside of the Holy Sepulchre church you will see many things that are usually not to be found in russian orthodox churches like the large flat stone in my main photograph, that was taken from Jerusalem to this monastery: on this stone Jesus was walking and believers usually touch it when entering the church of Holy Sepulchre.
You will find the church of the Assumption of the Most-Holy Mother of God in a side-part of the resurretion cathedral and it was decorated with ornate stucco-works and glazed tiles during the 17th century. The churches of New Jerusalem are the only ones in all of Russia that are decoarted with tiles that way.
This is the ornate altar of the side-chapel of the Beheading of John the Baptist, next to the entrance of the Resurrection cathedral. It is decorated with glazed tiles dating back to the middle of the 17th century and it is quite hard to find a moment there, when no believers are praying there, so you wont disturb anybody, when taking your photos.
Tryokhsvyatskii bell is the only remaining bell of the belfry of the Novojerusalem-monastery, that once had a clock and 15 bells but it was completely destroyed in WW II by german troops. You will see the portrait of three prelates on this bell : Grigory Bogoslov, John Zlatoust and Vasily Veliky
The bell has a weight of 100 pounds.
You will get to the Calvary church when stepping up to the 2nd floor of the resurrection cathedral and you will see there a cruzifiction dating back to the 17th century in the place of the execution. Some parts of this chapel are decorated with tiles in great colors and patterns.
You will find the chapel of the Holy Sepulchre right under the large dome of the Resurrection Cathedral and it is a 1:1 copy of the real Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. You are able to step in through a really very low gate (see my 2nd picture) and will then get into a small room as shown in my pics #3 and #4. my last pic is the view into the Resurrection Cathedral from the chapel of the Holy Sepulchre.
Patriarch Nikon had the idea to build the main church of the monastery as an exact copy of the Jerusalem Holy Sepulchre Church. The size and layout of the church, including the Holy Sepulchre, Gogotha, and other parts were copied exatly as they were in Jerusalem of that time, only from outside it looks slightly different, when it comes to the construction of the main dome.
The round brick tent crowning a rotunda in which center there is a small white stone chapel symbolizing the Holy Sepulcher rises 18-meter height above the Cathedral.
Diameter of a tent makes 22 meters, and it is the greatest construction of a similar sort in old Russian architecture.
Architects P.I.Zaborsky, Yakov Bukhvostov, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Matvei Kazakov, Karl Blank and others took part in the creation of this ensemble.
From the south the Cathedral was adjoined with a high campanile in the seven circles, reminded a campanile of Ivan the Great in Moscow. It was completely destroyed by fascists and not restored till now.
In 1959 the museum was re-opened for public, although the Bell Tower has never been rebuilt, while the interior of the Cathedral is still bare. The New Jerusalem Monastery resumed its service as a male monastery only in the 1990s.
The beginning of regenerative works is planned on 2007.
The New Jerusalem Monastery, also known as the Voskresensky Monastery (Russian: Новоиерусалимский монастырь) is a male monastery, located in today's town of Istra in Moskovskaya Oblast’.
Power and volumes of the main temple of the Monastery amaze with the majesty and abundant of domes in spite of the fact that the cathedral rather approximately repeats the Jerusalem brother.
Nikon's idea on superiority of Russian orthodox church was embodied in christendom in creation of this grandiose cathedral. Simultaneously the embodiment of an image of the Sacred hailstones - "Heavenly Jerusalem" was found there.
Learn more wiki/New_Jerusalem_Monastery
The interior of the is restored already more than 60 years. This process goes very slowly. However, visiting the Cathedral every year, I observe new and new changes. Even in a today's view the interior makes enormous impression.
When the process of restoration come to an end the Cathedral will become doubtless one of the most impressive and magnificent in Russia.
A skith (hermitage) - a personnel monastery of patriarch Nikon is situated on the Istra coast, in three hundred meters from the main monastery. The building of a monastery was under construction and reconstructed within ten years till 1662. The same architect - Averky Mokeev got for his work the award in three rubles - the sum on those times considerable.
Originally the monastery was arranged on artificial island, formed by channels specially dug from Istra. Now a few is kept. A building of a monastery is originally and unusually enough. It represents the small, two-storeyed construction decorated by tiles topped by the church head in which are incorporated house church, inhabited and economic rooms.
The battle of imperial armies and rebelled streletz at the walls of the monastery was rather bloody. Imperial armies were headed by the best captain of the host - boyar Sheyin. He has just successfully won Smolensk from Poles.
Guns of the XVII century are installed at the central entrance to the territory of a monastery. They keep memory of this battle.