Velikiy Novgorod Things to Do

  • Things to Do
    by AnnaHermans
  • Things to Do
    by AnnaHermans
  • Things to Do
    by AnnaHermans

Best Rated Things to Do in Velikiy Novgorod

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    Museum of Folk Wooden Architecture "Vitoslavlitsy"

    by Natalya2006 Updated Sep 19, 2007

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    The museum borrowed its name from an extinct village of the 19th centurt. This museum was founded in 1964 and it occupies the area of 33,4 ha washed from three sides by the Lake Myachino and the River Volkhov.

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    Kremlin (The Citadel)

    by Natalya2006 Written Sep 19, 2007

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    Kremlin, refereced in the cronicles since 1044, was a religious, political and cultural center of Novgorod lands for centures. Here the Veche (People's Assambly) and the elections of Posadnik (city governor) were held, it was from here that the Prince Alexander Nevsky's Armed forces marched off for the battle with Swedens. The Kremlin walls guarded the principal city cathedral - St.Sophia's - and the palace of Novgorod's archbishop.

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    The monument To The Millennium Of Russia

    by ania70pl Updated Oct 11, 2003

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    The monument is placed in the central square of the Kremlin. It was erected in 1862. This bronze monument is dedicated to the millenium of the founding of Russia and around its base and crown you can see 129 historical figures whose selection was personally approved by Emperor Alexander II. The most important message of the monument is on the top where an angel blesses a kneeling woman who symbolizes Russia.

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    St. Sophia Cathedral

    by ania70pl Updated Oct 11, 2003

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    St.Sophia Cathedral was built in 11th century by Prince Vladimir, the son of Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s was also the resting place of Novgorodian princes. It's the oldest survived Russian stone monument and it dominates the whole historic downtown of Novgorod. The Cathedral is 38 m high. Originally it was taller but during the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two-metre thick cultural layer.

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    Belfry of St. Sophia Cathedral

    by ania70pl Updated Oct 11, 2003

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    The Belfry of St Sophia is a monument of the 15th-17th centuries. The first stone structure with three stair-wells was raised in 1439. In the 16th century the lower stair-wells were removed and a new top was made. The bells on view in front of the belfry were cast in the late 16th and 17th centuries.

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    The Cathedral of Saint Sophia inside.

    by Oleg_D. Updated Apr 3, 2013

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    The Saint Sophia’s Cathedral was built between 1045 and 1050 inside the curtain walls of so called “Detinets” (the castle). It is one of the oldest stone structures of the North Russia. Its height is 38 meters. Originally it was two meters taller but for the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two meters thick cultural layer. The cathedral was built by Duke Vladimir Yaroslavich the son of the Grand Duke of Russia Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s this principal church of the city also served as the sepulcher of Novgorodian Dukes. Since the city of Novgorod was the merchant republic the Dukes of Novgorod were not the monarchs but just hired military leaders and justiciars. So, the Dukes of Novgorod had two main functions defend the city and its citizens from the external enemies, provide peace, order and justice. If Dike failed to perform his duties in proper manner and citizens were displeased they could call for the Veche or the Assembly of the citizens and Veche could banish and expel Duke from the city. Even Alexander Nevsky was expelled from the Novgorod by the unpleased citizens.

    There are a lot of mural painting and icons inside of the Cathedral. Unfortunately photo is not allowed in the Cathedral as in majority of churches of Russian Orthodox Church. In fact, if you are not going to poke the priests and praying flock with the lens of your camera nobody will hit you or your camera. At worst somebody can say “no photo”. Then say “sorry” and that’s it.

    Cathedral is open from 08:00 - 20:00, daily services are at 10:00 and 18:00.
    Admission of visitors after 12:00
    Admission free.

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    • Religious Travel
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    The Cathedral of Saint Sophia, the Magdeburg Gates

    by Oleg_D. Written Apr 4, 2013

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    These gates were made in second part of XII century by German masters in the workshop of Bishop of Magdeburg Vichman according to order of Alexander the Bishop of Plozk (Plock) in Poland. How these gates appeared in Novgorod nobody knows. There are at least three absolutely different stories about how the gates appeared in Novgorod. Some researchers say that the gates were brought from Byzantine Empire by the Grand Duke of Kiev and Russia Vladimir the Red Sun which was impossible because he died before even these gates was made. Others say that the gates were captured from the Swedish city of Sigtuna in 1187. It is possible but the possibility is very thin. And thirds say that the gates were the gift of Archbishop of Plozk to Grand Duke of Novgorod in XV century. This story seems to me the most trustworthy because the Grand Duke of Novgorod in first part of XV century was Simeon Lingwen who was the brother of Polish King Wladyslaw Jagiello. Anyway, it doesn’t matter how but the gates made in Magdeburg are in the west wall of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod and anybody can see that masterpiece of medieval German foundry. Skilful hands of German masters created the scenes from the Gospels on the leafs of those gates.
    Cathedral is open from 08:00 - 20:00, daily services are at 10:00 and 18:00.
    Admission of visitors after 12:00
    Admission free.

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    • Architecture

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    Yuryev Monastry

    by yumyum Updated Sep 29, 2002

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    There is a couple of churches to be seen. One is full of golden paintings but they are not very old.

    Don't wear shorts because they won't let you in!! They do have a wrap around cloth that they lend you though if you can make yourself understood.

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    Vitoslavlitsy Open-Air Museum

    by yumyum Written Sep 29, 2002

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    Close to the Yuryev Monastry there is this open air museum. You can go into the wooden houses and churches which have been brought here from all over the place. The houses are furnished with all kind of things and people working there, wear traditional clothes. The is also a café and a souvenir shop.

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    The open-air architectural-ethnographic museum

    by siwi Written Jan 19, 2003

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    The open-air architectural-ethnographic museum "Vitoslavlitsy" provides a whole complex of genuine folk wooden architecture, including ancient churches of the 16th - 18th centuries and peasant houses of the 19th - early 20th centuries, exhibitions of folk art and everyday life items of Novgorod peasants of the same period.

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    The Cathedral of Saint Sophia of Novgorod

    by Oleg_D. Updated Apr 3, 2013

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    The Saint Sophia’s Cathedral was built between 1045 and 1050 inside the curtain walls of so called “Detinets” (the castle). It is one of the oldest stone structures of the North Russia. Its height is 38 meters. Originally it was two meters taller but for the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two meters thick cultural layer. The cathedral was built by Duke Vladimir Yaroslavich the son of the Grand Duke of Russia Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s this principal church of the city also served as the sepulcher of Novgorodian Dukes. Since the city of Novgorod was the merchant republic the Dukes of Novgorod were not the monarchs but just hired military leaders and justiciars. So, the Dukes of Novgorod had two main functions defend the city and its citizens from the external enemies, provide peace, order and justice. If Dike failed to perform his duties in proper manner and citizens were displeased they could call for the Veche or the Assembly of the citizens and Veche could banish and expel Duke from the city. Even Alexander Nevsky was expelled from the Novgorod by the unpleased citizens.

    Cathedral is open from 08:00 - 20:00, daily services are at 10:00 and 18:00.
    Admission of visitors after 12:00

    Related to:
    • Historical Travel
    • Religious Travel
    • Architecture

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    KREMLIN

    by Lalique Written Oct 10, 2002

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    The focal point of the city is the Detinets, or the Kremlin. It was mentioned first in the chronicles in the entry for 1044. In that year, ramparts with traditional wooden framework constructions were built on the site of an older fortification. The first stone structures appeared in 1302. According to Novgorodian chronicles, the towers and walls of the citadel underwent repeated repairs, and in 1484-90, during the all-round renovation of the fortress they were replaced with brick ones, erected in keeping with the traditions of Moscow architecture.

    The present-day Kremlin stems largely from the 15th century, for several alterations made in the 16th and 17th centuries were minor and did not affect its appearance. The total length of the walls is 1,385 metres, they are 3.3 metres thick and 10.9 metres high. The area of the citadel is 12.1 hectares.

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    KREMLIN (3) - Magdeburg Gates of St. Sophia

    by Lalique Written Oct 10, 2002

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    The cathedral has three entrances - the southern, western and northern, of which the western was the main one intended for ceremonial processions. A gate standing at the entrance is known as the Sigtuna Gate (mid-12th century); according to legend, it was brought from the Swedish town of Sigtuna in 1187. The second name of the gate derives from the town of Magdeburg, where it was made. The two leaves are decorated with biblical and evangelical scenes in cast bronze relief. In the lower left corner there are portraits of the craftsmen who created this superb specimen of medieval Western European bronze-work. An inscription in Latin gives their names, Riquin and Weissmut. The small central figure - judging from an inscription in Slavonic - is a representation of the Russian master craftsman Avraam, who assembled the gate.

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    KREMLIN (4) - THE MONUMENT TO THE MILLENIUM OF RUS

    by Lalique Written Oct 10, 2002

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    The Monument to the Millennium of Russia, standing at the centre of the Detinets, was unveiled on September 8, 1862. It is the work of Mikhail Mikeshin, an eminent Russian sculptor active in the second half of the 19th century.
    The kneeling figure in the upper tier of the monument personifies Russia. Below, around the sphere, there are six groups symbolizing different periods of Russian history up to the first quarter of the 18th century. Represented, among others, are Prince Rurik who, according to legend, was invited in 862 to rule Novgorodian lands; Princes Vladimir, Dmitry Donskoi, Tsars Ivan III and Peter I. The high-relief frieze in the lower tier of the memorial depicts military heroes, statesmen, educators, poets, writers and artists - 109 figures altogether. Here one can see the chronicler Nestor, Princes Yaroslav the Wise and Alexander the Nevsky, the Ukrainian hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky, the founder of the Russian theatre Volkov, the satirical writer Fonvizin, the composer Glinka, the poets Derzhavin, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Lermontov, the historian Karamzin, and the artist Karl Briullov. The height of the monument is 15.7 m, the weight of cast bronze is 65.5 tons.
    During the World War II , the Nazis dismantled the monument and prepared it for transportation to Germany. Luckily, they never succeeded to accomplish this plan. After Novgorod's liberation, the monument was restored and in November 1944 once again unveiled to the public.

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    KREMLIN (2) - St. Sophia Cathedral

    by Lalique Updated Nov 19, 2002

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    The St Sophia's Cathedral was built between 1045- 1050 inside the Detinets. It is one of the earliest stone structures of northern Russia, a senior contemporary of Notre Dame in Paris, and the cathedrals of Rheims, Amiens, Bamberg and Naumburg. Its height is 38 m. Originally it was taller, for during the past nine centuries the lower part of the building became concealed by the two-metre thick cultural layer. The cathedral was built by Prince Vladimir, the son of Yaroslav the Wise, and until the 1130s this principal church of the city also served as the sepulchre of Novgorodian princes. For the Novgorodians, St Sophia became synonymous with their town, the symbol of civic power and independence.

    The five-domed church looks simpler but no less impressive than its prototype, the thirteen-domed St Sophia of Kiev. The cathedral exterior is striking in its majesty and epic splendour. In the 11th century it looked more imposing than now. Its facade represented a gigantic mosaic of huge, coarsely trimmed irregular slabs of flagstone and shell rock. The facade was not white, as it is today, but multicoloured.

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Velikiy Novgorod Things to Do

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