Favorite thing: There is an internet center just off Vokzalnaya magistral. Coming from Ploshad Lenina it's the first alley on your right. It's downstairs. When I was there, I only had trouble it was never working properly, so I gave up. Let's hope that they improved by now.
By the way, the sea is warm enough for swimming 2-3 months a year (for me `warm enough' is above +18C = +64F, which is about the highest temperature of water in Monterey Bay in California, a popular Nothern California resort), and is just warm (above +22C = +72F) for a month. Well, we have very different summers, but in general summers in southern Siberia are hot compared to summers in, for example, the San Francisco Bay Area located 2000 kilometers farther south. In general, North America is a lot colder than Euroasia at the same latitude. Average midday temperatures for summer months are +24C = +75F in June, +26C = +79F in July and +23C = +73F in August, but it can be above +30C = +86F even in May and September. It almost never gets over +35C=+95F, though.Uncomfortably hot and humid days are rare.
Fondest memory: Springs and falls are very short, 2-3 weeks, and the rest of the year, approximately from October 25 to April 10, is winter. A Siberian winter !
Novosibirsk is one of the biggest cities in Russia and considered the third largest city after Moscow and St.Petersburg and the biggest one behind the Ural. It's situated right in the middle of Russia. The City lies on bouth banks of the Ob river.The day when construction of the new bridge across the Ob river was started is considered to be the day when Novosibirsk was founded.
In 1993 Novosibirsk celebrated it's 100th anniversary and it's growing rate is so high,that we can call the city the Russian Chicago.
Fondest memory: It occupies the area of 477.2 square kilometres.
Novosibirsk local time is Greenwich Mean Time plus 6,
Population: about 1.5 million people,
Basic language: Russian.
Mayor of Novosibirsk- Vladimir Gorodetsky
Administratively Novosibirsk is segmented into 10 administration districts. Leninsky and Kirovsky districts are situated on the left bank of the Ob river while Zaeltsovsky, Zheleznodorozhny, Dzerzhinsky, Tsentralny, Oktyabrsky, Kalininsky, Pervomaysky and Sovietsky are on the right one.
The City Soviet of People’s Deputies is the main legislative body. The executive power is exercised by the Mayor and the prefects of the districts. The municipal authorities are elected by the citizens of Novosibirsk. Elections are held once in four years.
More then 100 years ago Alexander III Russian emperor pointed out in his rescript to his heir that it is necessary "to connect by inner railway net the Siberian regionswhich are richest with gifts of Nature". Thus, the building of Great Siberian Railway has begun.
Primarily it was considered that Trans-Siberian Railroad would cross the Ob river near the big age-old Kolyvan village. But owing to insistence of Mr. N.G.Garin-Mikhaylovsky, the chief of prospecting party and a Russian writer, they took a final decision to build the bridge at the Krivoschokovo village. Mr. Garin wrote later: "The change of primary project is my own merit, and I see with pleasure that the railroad isn't declined from my idea". On May 20, 1893 in a thick pine wood on the bank of the Ob river there have been held a solemn church service on the occasion of laying of the bridge, the project of which had been prepared by N.A.Belelubsky, professor of the Petersburg Railway College.Very many workers were required for the bridge building. Thus, the Novonikolaevsk settlement have appeared and became later the largest town of Russian Asia.
Fondest memory: In the spring of 1897 the bridge across the Ob river was opened for traffic. By that time the building of railway station and locomotive depot with workshops was completed. After that many builders left for other building sites, but the settlement didn't become deserted and the work went on there. That was significantly promoted by convenient, even ideal geographical situation. The peasants from Altay and the nearest villages brought here the greatest quantities of grain for further TRANSPORTATIONby railroad.
The trade capital opened up actively the region of the Great Siberian Way that in the shortest time made the small settlement to grow into a big city; Novonikolaevsk was given the official status of the city on December, 1903.
C'est la plus large rue d'Akademgorodok et la seule avec un terre-plein central : une pelouse qui sépare la circulation des les voies opposés. Il a été peut être supposé que ce serait une des principales routes dans la ville, et elle évite les zones résidentielles. Cependant, c'est une des rues les plus à l'écart d'Akademgorodok et la circulation y dépasse rarement une vingtaine de voitures par heure. Je pense que, en fait, la perspective de l'avenue a été conçue pour souligner l'importance et grandeur de l'Institut de Physiques Nucléaires.
It is the largest street of Akademgorodok and the only one with a central roadbed : a lawn that separates the circulation of them sees them opposite. It was can be supposed that it would be one of the main roads in the city, and it avoids the residential zones. However, it is one of the streets the more aside from Akademgorodok and the circulation passes about twenty cars there rarely per hour. I think that, in fact, the Prospect has been conceived to underline the importance and size of the Nuclear Physics institute.
Favorite thing: "Cottages" - houses for the most important scientists (1965). Just like in most Russian towns, most people live in apartment houses. I believe that this due to considerations of heat consumption. We have long and cold winter, and it's much easier to heat one apartment house than 50-100 separate houses. In addition, it makes the town compact. In fact, in Akademgorodok, a town of 50,000, one can get from one place to another on foot in less than 15-20 minutes, despite the fact that more than 50% of the town is a sort of park.
Favorite thing: At the plage (beach). The Akademgorodok beach is a popular place to spend a weekend or an evening (the Sun sets at about 9:30 pm, and the day is 17:34 hours long on June 22) not only among its residents. Many people from Novosibirsk City come there too, especially on weekends. Hey, Canadians, can you imagine seeing anything like this on Hudson Bay (same latitude, 55 degrees North)?
Toujours sur Krasnij prospekt, au 23, vous pourrez passer de longs moments au Musée Régional d'Etudes Naturelles. Le museum est logé dans un superbe bâtiment de briques rouge et blanc, au style remarquable (et reconnaissable de loin).
Le bâtiment à été construit après qu'un incendie ait détruit une partie de la ville. C'était la première batisse en brique et en pierre. C'était, à cette époque, le magasin de la ville, où l'on stockait le blé et les vivres pour la population.
Lorsque je suis allé visiter le musée, à l'entrée, j'ai fait "comme si j'étais un russe". Nous avons payé le prix normal. Après une dizaine de minutes, une dame est venue nous trouver, pour nous expliquer que, pour les étrangers, le prix est plus élevé... on nous avait écouté parler (les anciennes manies venues du temps du KGB ne sont jamais très loin...)
Still on Krasnij prospekt, at 23, you will be able to go from long moments by the Regional Museum of Natural studies. The museum is lodged in a superb building of bricks red and white, to the remarkable style (and recognizable from afar).
The building to been constructed after a fire destroyed a part of the city. It was the first building made of brick and in stone. It was, at this time, the store of the city, where one stocked wheat and supplies for the population.
When I went to visit the museum, to the entry, I made " as if I was a Russian ". We paid for the normal price. After about ten minutes, a lady came to find us, to explain us that, for the strangers, the price is raised more... one had listened us to speak (the former crazes come in the days of the KGB are never very far...)
Toujours sur Krasnij prospekt (Avenue Rouge), l'avenue principale de la ville, la belle cathédrale Alexander Nevsky, construite en 1899, deux ans après la fin de la construction du pont. Je crois que c'est le plus ancien monument religieux de la ville.
Still on Krasnij prospekt (Red Avenue), the main avenue of the city, the beautiful Alexander Nevsky cathedral, constructed in 1899, two years after the end of the construction of the bridge. I believe that it is the most former religious monument of the city.
Favorite thing: Prospect Nauki (Anevue of Science), one of the central streets of Akademgorodok, in early 1960s. At the center is the main building of the Institute of Nuclear Physics. In 1982 the Prospect was renamed. Now its name is Prospect Lavrentyeva (Lavrentyev Avenue).
Favorite thing: The House of Scientists, a center of social and cultural life. It's a theatre, a cinema, a filarmony hall - all together. There are also a restaurant, a library, a gym, a ballet studio, a picture gallery and various hobby-clubs in the House.
We define winter as a period of time during which the daytime temperatures do not exceed +5C = +37F, and it snows. Since climate in Siberia is very continental, the weather is unpredictable, and I remember that one year all snow was gone and it was +18C = +64F on April 1 (I think it was in 1989), and in 1993 I went skiing around my house on May 9. I would say that Mother Nature likes playing the fool with us, Siberians. In general, the rumours about Siberian frosts are greatly exaggerated - Siberia is a huge country. The coldest month of the year is February, just like in the northern United States and Canada. The typical temperatures are -5-10C = +14-+23F throughout the winter, but there are more cold (-20-25C = -4-13F) and fewer warm (around 0C = +32F) days in December, January and February.
Fondest memory: Temperature can change very rapidly in the winter. One day in late December 1996 temperature dropped from +3C = +37F to -20C = -4F in just 5 hours between 3 pm and 8 pm. It can rise just as fast as it can drop. The two most typical winter weather patterns for Novosibirsk are: 1) warm (-7C = +19F or above), moderate wind (5-10 m/s = 11-22 mph), cloudy; 2) cold (-15C = +5F or below), no wind, clear. Other combinations are rare. It very rarely gets colder than -30C = -22F. The lowest temperature in Novosibirsk I remember is -42C = -44F. Classes in schools are cancelled if it is colder than -35C = -31F at 6 am. This happened only once when I was in school.
Novonikolaevsk soon became the place of concentration of banking capital. Although in 1906 there was only one financial institute in the city - the SiberianBank, in 1915 there were already 5 commercial banks and 2 land ones in the town.
The population of the town was raising so quickly, that the first city's head, Mr.V.Jernakov said: "It (Novonikolaevsk) has got rightfully the name of American City". In 1897, when the bridge was opened for traffic, the Novonikolaevsk settlement accounted 7,8 thousand people. In 1903 it was already a town without so called "uezd" - surrounding administrative territory - and accounted 22 thousand people. In 1907 it became a city with all the rights of self-government and population of 47 thousand.
Fondest memory: Before February Revolution Novonikolaevsk already had 80 thousand of population and was the largest commercial and industrial center having not only an agricultural processing industry, power station, iron foundry, commodity market, banks, commercial and shipping companies, but also 7 Orthodox churches, one Roman-Catholic church, several cinemas, 40 primary schools, a high school, teachers' seminary and the Romanov House' non-classical secondary school. It is remarkable that Novonikolaevsk was nearly the first town in Russia which accepted the compulsory primary education in 1913.
Des cadets montent la garde, en permanence, autour du monument aux morts de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale.
On peut assister à la relève de la garde, et prendre des photos (je rappelle que prendre des photos de militaires, ou de miliciens est rigoureusement interdit, sauf dans certains cas).
The cadets keep the watch, permanently, around the monument to the deaths of World War II.
One can attend the relief of the guard, and to take some photos (I recall that to take photos of soldiers, or of militiamen is forbidden rigorously, except in some cases).
Novonikolaevsk continued its safe and successful development even in such storming and tragical for Russia years as 1915-1917. Shops were heaped up with goods; all markets were packed with bread, meat and butter. Merchants of Novonikolaevsk, who had become rich enormously because of military supplies, were thinking already of building of a tram line. Town's inhabitants were discussing lively the erecting of the Invalid House that recently began, and obviously that event was more interesting for them then war and revolution in Russia. May be that was the reason they accepted without any enthusisam the message about Bolsheviks, who had come into power in the capital of Russia.
Nevertheless, the town couldn't stand aside of social cataclysms. On December,1917 the Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers` Deputies of Novonikolaevsk seized the power. And just after that the civil war came to the town. On May, 1918 Czechoslovak prisoners of war set up the outbreak and together with White Guards captured Novonikolaevsk. The town became the important strategic place of admiral Kolchak's Army accounted of 500 thousand. But on December of 1919 Novonikolaevsk was taken by Red Army.
Fondest memory: The folly of civil war acquired monstrous forms. "White" and "red" terror, military actions, terrible typhus and cholera epidemics, - all those took off many thousands of lives. The bridge across Ob was blown up. For the first time in the Novonikolaevsk' history the number of town inhabitants decreased.
The town revived only in 1921 after starting of Lenin's New Economic Policy. At that time Novonikolaevsk again was turned up into commercial, industrial and TRANSPORTATIONcenter where many thousands of peasants carts brought grain and butter. Workers, who had scampered about surrounding villages before, came now back to their depot and factories. Soon the Bolsheviks' regional political administration run over from Omsk to Novonikolaevsk. In 1925 there was formed the vast Siberian Region spreading from the Vasugan swamps up to the Trans-Baikal steppes, and Novonikolaevsk became its administrative center.