Unless many other cities Vladivostok offers variety of public transportation: buses, trolley-buses, tams, taxi, ferries and even funicular!
BUS: the most common and polar transportation is bus. You can get to any point of the city with its help. Price is more then acceptable: 7 rubles which is about 25 cents per ride. Payment is made while exiting not entering the bus.Bus is the best public transport that is quick, frequent, reliable and accessible.
TRAM: It is ecological free but to our point of view the slowest and the least comfortable type of transportation. Price is 5 rubles (20-cents) for a ride. Paid to a lady who will most likely come up to you during the ride.
TROLLEY-BUS: The same price and the same comfort as trams but quite interesting and unusual. Paid to a lady during the ride.
FUNICUELER: The most exotic kind of transportation. It costs 5 rubles per ride but it is a separate adventure which we highly recommend to anyone as Vladivostok is the only city in Russia which offers it to your service. It starts from Pushkinskaya Street and brings you directly to the highest pint of the city ? Eagles Nest and returns you back if necessary. Pay attention that it is closes from 12 to 13 o?clock for lunch break.
TAXI: Price varies from agency to agency but usually from 6 to 11 USD per hour. Taxi in Vladivostok charge hourly rate, so be prepared to pay for 5 km ride the same price as for 25 km.
BUS STATION: If you need to go to log distances like to airport, Ussuriisk or Slavyanka you need to go to Vtoraya Rechka region (Second River District) by bus 23 which leaves from Semenovskaya bus station (corner of Semenovskaya and Aleutskaya St). They have informational center where you can find out schedule (4232)-32-33-78
FERRY: There are ferries to several places: Ruskiy (Russian) Island, Popov Island, Slavyanka and Pospelov. Ferry leaves from Vokzal Pribrejnih soobshenii, which is located across the submarine C-56 and casino Hocus-Pocus. Korabelnaya Naberejnaya St., 6 (Embankment St, 6), tel.:227-815
Before the departure, I was searching frantically for such tranport information. It turns out that there is no organised method of "express passenger transport from city to airport" which is about 50km distance.
There is a local bus running, but is very slow and infrequent. VladAvia's Japanese langauge link below recommends that taxis should cost around $50 US or so.
The airport was the only place in this city where we were scouted for "tourist business", where ordinary fellows with cars asked if we wanted a taxi. When we asked how much, the prices were within recommended range, so we accepted.
The surprising thing was, that not only we as foreigners but other Russian nationals on their journeys also rode with us in the same large family van "private taxi".
When we arranged for a taxi return to the airport from our hotel, it was also a "private taxi", as if the driver was the brother or husband of the girl at front desk who accommodated us!
Sometimes, we were lucky to find drivers with whom we can speak a common language, as it's a lot of fun to chat with them.
We were surprised at the size of this plane - we counted 7 rows, 4 seats per row.
There are twice weekly flights from Toyama to Vladivostok, and the flight takes about 2.5 hours.
We were also a little surprised at the age of the plane - 1970's retro time warp!! But the ride was smooth, if a little cramped (large persons will definitely feel squashed in) and the "smoke" which at first billows from under your seats mid-flight is just air-conditioning being turned on, and everything went well after all. But the toilet room is scary and I can't understand how anyone over 160cm (5ft5in) can even manage to close the door! I'd recommend to time your fluid intake or perservere in that aspect if possible.
Other international flights to Vladivostok include regular flights from Niigata or Seoul, and the occasional charter flight from Tokyo and/or Osaka.
We took the ferry from Vladivostok to Fushiki in Toyama prefecture. It takes about 42 hours all up, and it cost us $230 US per person, although there are cheaper and more expensive berths available.
The tickets can be bought on the 3rd floor of the ferry terminal behind Vladivostok railway station. The ferry itself is mostly used by Russians importing used cars and motorcycles from Japan.
All meals are included, but it may be an idea to bring snacks/drinks with you that you think you might need.
Update Sept. 2010. This service may not be running any more, so I suggest doing some research around this one.
Here is a typical box lunch on 2.5 hours VladAvia flight from Toyama to Vladivostok. The taste is not bad, and light box lunches are more appropriate for air travel rather than the reheated food mash served on many other long distance flights. On the return flight, there was served small and nice caviar snack with piroshiki!!
Many are formerly Korean City Buses with their destinations in Hangul left intact (we even caught a glimpse of a 1970's model of our old neighbourhood Tokyu Bus - talk about a retro time warp from childhood!!!)
The local buses are very easy to ride. The route number and destination is written in Russian at the front or side of the bus. Simply hop on and pay 5 rubles as you exit.
..because it was already 17:00 when we found this place, and we couldn't work out enough Russian language to figure out how far it went and when the return was.
Anyway, it is some sort of commuter ferry with frequent morning and evening runs.
The station is located on Korabelnaya Naberezhnaya, across the street from the "C-56" Submarine Museum.
One of the ways to get to Vladivostok is by rail. The direct train link from Moscow is the longest running railway in the world and the trip almost takes a week. Yet it must be an amazing way to see the vast country Russia and also to meet its people. One thing I still have to do!!
If you're flying into Vladivostok from outside of Russia, Korean Air is a good option.
They have daily Incheon-Vladivostok flights, and Seoul-Incheon airport is a real hub with flights to so many destinations.
The flight into Vladivostok though is 10am in the morning, so it may necessitate a night in Korea on the way.
This flight is well used by Russians actually, less so to visit South Korea, but more for transitting through Seoul-Incheon to points beyond, so when I used this service it was close to full.
I have not used this ferry, but the boat was in town while I was there. Link is below for anyone who might be interested. It goes between Vlad, Donghae and Sakaiminato in Tottori prefecture.
Ferry services seem to come and go however, so it would pay to check in advance if it is still running.
The airport is around 50km away from the centre of Vladivostok.
There are murmors of an airport express being instituted in the near future, and there are buses. As a recent update it looks like trains will be running from July onwards. Definitely a project that was initiated due to APEC.
In any case my hotel called me a taxi which cost 1000 roubles for the journey.
Update July 2012.
Haven't used this service as yet but in any case here is some info re the new Aeroexpress.
One thing you must learn about Vladivostok is that, excepting some buses, public transport is bad, very difficult to manage for an occidental if you need to go to a given place, not only experience new sensations. One of the first recommendations I got from a vladivostokian was: Never take a tram!. And, in fact, soon after I could see one of them stopped in middle of an avenue and some workers repairing the railway some meters before it!
Another thing you need to know is that here, near 90% of cars are JAPANESE CARS and, of course, with steering at the right side whilst Russia is a place where you drive by the right side like in Spain and most of occidental countries. But never be wrong: THEY ARE NOT SLOW DRIVERS, but very fast ones!. And absolutely anarch!. Here, despite of roads are full of holes and not seem to have maintenance, people drive without rules. There are very few traffic lights and you have to fight at the crossings with everyone in every direction. A DRIVING CHAOS!
But car is the only way to see some of the most interesting things -the typically russian ones- in this city. Some of them are, of course, the markets in the peripheral areas. I was lucky having someone to drive me through the city, but I can't recommend to rent here a car if you are not a good and risked driver, certainly.
Although I don't have much detail on it, there is also a ferry for Sokcho in South Korea leaving from Vladivostok.
I have found a link for it, but I don't know whether or not it is current.
Edit Dec 2011. It doesn't look like this is running, but there looks to be another service to Korea operating.
Through the Trans Siberian Railway, Vladivostok is reachable by train. It takes app 72 hours from Irkutsk / Lake Baikal. Price is around 260.00 USD for 2nd class (4 people with beds). I took 5 different trains across Russia and all had dining car but this one.
Vladivostok has a small but very effective airport. Russian national airways Aeroflot, together with other important private airlines, Vladivostok Air, S7 have domestic and international flights. There are also foreign airlines operating, mainly to Korea and Japan. The one way airfare to Moscow is around 210.00 Euro if you book through Aeroflot web site a month earlier. I had nice Airbus A330 to Moscow which took mor than 8 hours (similar to New York - Istanbul). Aeroflot allows to take the blanket and pillows with you :)