Very interesting "piece of history" in rather modern town. Definately it is a must see activity.
Kremlin walls are rather high from outside and relatively small from inside. That is because in times of Peter the Great Kremlin was earthed, just to make this ancient (before guns) fortress firm against modern (for that times) weapons. What you can see on the picture - remainings of walls - are top levels of numerous churches that were inside. Now they are diged by their roofs.
There are several banya's in Pskov, but the best one must be the one which is beside the Pskov river. It is very small, so you might have to go there to reserve. I don't know the exact adress, but the best way to get there is to start at Ploshad Lenina, then walk to the market behind the pskov pedagogical institute, then take the stairs down to the river, there it is!
There are several others, there is one on ulitsa sovietskaya and another near to the rizhky rynok. Just ask (if you speak russian) or send me an email.
As far as Pehiory is a monastery that still is a place where monks live and not just a touristic object, you must obbey some rules.
It is allowed to film or take pictures everywhere in the teritory of the monastery, except in the church and you can not take pictures of the monks.
Another important thing is about clothing. It is simple with men- no shorts and take off a cap when entering the church. And a little more complicated with ladies(take a closer look at the photo)- no bare shoulders, no trousers or shorts and hide your hair. But don't worry if you haven't got a skirt with you. For a little "donation" at the entrance you can get a sarongo skirt. Promise-you will look absolutelly "gorgeous"...
Everyone visiting Pskov should not miss an oppotunity to visit Pechiory Monastery. It is just about 30km ride from Pskov.
White and red churches with blue cupolas lying a walley, garden full of flowers.....black dressed monks and priests passing by in silence. It gives an impression of strange oasis of calmness and peace.....
The Peciory Lavra escaped the tragedy of post-revolution destructions in Russia. It was in territory of Estonia in 1920-1940. And that's why the monastery was practically untouched.
In N.A.Rimskogo-Korsakova's museum, in Day of memory of the great Russian composer for which numerous visitors gather, descendants of the composer, admirers of his music. Annually this day in manor Vechasha pass performances of musical collectives of different cities.
There are was 40 towers in Pskov city, in ancient times.
Gremyachaya tower (1525) - located on the river Pskova;
Kutekrom Tower - stands in north-west corner ("kuta" being the word for "corner):
Vlasievskaya tower - located on the bank of river Velikaya;
Velikaya tower - in Kremlin;
Visokaya (High) and Ploskaya (flat) towers - were connected by a stone arcade with two lifting gates - lattices.
Pskov - one of Russia's oldest and most beautiful cities, it boasts one of the greatest number of extant historical monuments - over 300. The earliest go back to the 12 th century, the latest to the early 20 th. There is a natural combination of ancient monuments (fortified walls with towers, churches and monasteries, and merchant's chambers) and modern buildings.
At the end of the 16 th century and during the 17 th century, the inhabitants of Pskov began to build dwelling - houses of stone. Only a few such buildings, solid, squat, resembling fortresses with their thick walls and small windows still exist among them are the mansion of the merchant. Pogankin the mansion of Menshikov, and others:
Now they are all museums of history, fine arts.
All streets of Pskov lead to the Trinity Cathedral - key-point of the Pskov Kremlin. White-walled churches and chapels of 12 - 20 centuries neighbored with modern buildings in a lovely harmony.
As known the last Russian Tsar (King, Prince - in Russia it was Tsar) Nicholas the 2nd signed the abdication order in Pskov in 1918 after communist revolution. In order to commemorate Nicholas, who is
officially recognized a Saint figure by Orthodox Church, Pskov has constructed a Chapel near train station. This is the place where the tragic event took place in the beginning of the last century.
The chapel was officially opened on July 17, 2003. It was one of the core events of the forthcoming 1100 th birthday of Pskov city.
New Ascension Church;
St. Olga's Chapel;
New Nativity of Chrits Chapel;
Virgin Derjavnaya Chapel, etc.
The earliest go back to the 12 th century, the latest to the early 20 th. Numerous pretty little churches were built in the 14 th. and 15 th. centuries. The designs with their apses and drums are ornamented remind us very much of the fine Russian open work embroidery.
Archargel Michael church;
Basil on the Hill Church;
Church Dormition (Assumption) by the Ferry;
Dormition (Assumption) in the Polonitzsche;
George on the Vzvoz;
The Epiphany on Zapskovye Church;
John the Baptist's Nativity Cathedral;
Church of the Nativity and Intercession of the Virgin;
Resurrection on Stadishche Church;
St. Nicholas "On the Usokha" Church;
St. Nicholas "On Stone Fence" Church;
Transfiguration Cathedral of the Mirozhsky monastery;
Stephane Church of the Mirozhsky Monastery;
Trinity Cathedral in Kremlin;
"Wet St. Elijah's" Church, etc.
The ancient Saviour Mirozhsky Monastery is situated at the confluence of the rivers Velikaya and Mirozha in the old Russian town of Pskov.
The chronicle informs us that the main cathedral the Transfiguration of the Lord, built before 1156, was the first stone - made church in Pskov to be decorated with wall paintings. This church was built at the initiation of bishop Nifont of Novgorod. The cathedral the Transfiguration was painted immediately after its construction by Greek painters and their Russian pupils. In the 18 th century the murals were whitewashed over and forgotten. During repairs to the church in 1858, the ancient paintings were accidentally discovered beneath the whitewash. New restoration work was begun in 1969. This last restoration project is now nearing completion.
Both from the inside and the outside cathedral was seen as a stone - made cross.
The world famous frescoes of its Cathedral of the Transfiguration occupy an important place in the history of Russian and world culture. By a UNESCO decision the Mirozha cathedral has been included in the list of the finest monuments of world art.
The Savior monastery on the Mirozha was the fist center of chronicle - writing in Pskov, possessing a rich library. Well-known epics were written, copied and distributed in the monastery for many centuries.
The Mirozha monastery was the center of Pskov's spiritual and artistic life. On the grounds of the monastery, surrounded by the stone wall erected in the 19th century to replace the wooden one there is a conglomeration of buildings belonging to different periods.
The north part of the monastery includes St. Stephan Church with the Holy Doors, an architectural monument of the 16th -17th. In 18th a new stone building of the Monks' Cells was erected next to St. Stephan Church. To the west of the Transfiguration Cathedral are the Father Superior's Chambers (19th century) resting on a high foundation with the 17th - century basements
On the Wall in Dovmont town we can see now a sword and shield made by a modern Pskov's artist, the metal-sculptor, Vsevolod Smirnoff, and several small bells in honor of Prince Alexander Nevsky and victory over the Teutonic Knights at Chudskoye Lake in April 1242.
Dovmont's Town lies adjacent to the Krom's southern wall.
The name "Dovmont's Town is derived from Prince Dovmont, who is regarded as the creator of the second ring of fortifications. Today remained only Basements of ancient churches.
Prince Dovmont Timophey came from Lithuania but he was baptized and accepted as the Prince of Pskov. He ruled Pskov for 33 years: 1266 - 1299.
On this small territory were built approximately twenty churches with chapels and belfries, few civil building at different times.
Excavations have brought to light ancient stone cannonballs, arrow tips, Slavic and Baltic jewelry, and birch bark deeds (ancient letters).
In year 1701, Tsar Peter I ordered the reconstruction of the Pskov fortress within the shortest time, it was out - of date and didn't meet modern requirements for the new war. Many churches were hidden beneath embankment of bastions and batteries.
There were three churches - the Church of the Intercession, the Church of the Nativity of Christ, and the Church of the Holy Ghost - standing by the wall of Dovmont's Town facing the Pskova River (i.e., the eastern part) in the 14 Th. century. During the Northern War, Peter the Great ordered that the tops of churches were then shored up with earth and turned into batteries.
In the epoch of middle ages Pskov was the center of feudal republic. From the 14 th. to the beginning of the 16 th. century, Pskov was a city state. It was the capital of the independent land. Pskov Veche became an administrative organ. It adopted Pskovian Code Legislation, other laws, and amendments to the laws. It held disputes on all vital problems of life and policy. Last Pskov Veche was session in 1510, when Grand Prince of Moscow Vasily III arrived in Pskov.
To my taste, the most impressive attraction in Pskov is not Kremlin, but the 12 century frescoes in Transfiguration Cathedral in Mirozh Monastery. To get there, say, from Kremlin, cross the bridge (St. Olga Bridge) across River Velikaya, and then walk across the river upstream (left as you look from the bridge) for about 15 minutes. If the weather does not permit, the monastery is just close to another bridge (upstream). From Kremlin, cross the old town, cross the upstream bridge and turn right. Sometimes frescoes are closed due to the weather conditions, possibly without prior notice. In this case your only chance is to join an organized tour (ask at the cash desk).