I came to Samara by train from Moscow. The train was overnight and left from the KAZAN Station in Moscow. There are several trains a day to and from Moscow and Samara.
It is also possible to fly into Samara. Lufthansa provided flights between Frankfurt and Samara. Aeroflot has flights daily between Samara and many other Russian cities although Samara Airlines provides the cheapest flights.
It was the most horrible travelling by train ever from Lepzig (Germany) to Samara. We were using a Russian train where you could not open the windows. Imagine, during those hot summer days the heating was constantly on ! They said it was broken, but I think it is still broken in that train. (I got some experience working with Russian people..) Maybe this train was the reason why we wanted to stay and live in Samara for ever ? :o)
Better look twice who is driving the bus, because it happened several times that our bus driver was drunken (not just decently). There are few signs when you should be alert. If there is a loud music in the bus and when the bus slows down instead of stopping on the bus stops. Or the best would be to let the bus driver to blow the balloon.
Samara has a great public transport system. There are tram tracks all over the city and suburbs and a good bus system too. These are both, however, very crowded especially on major routes. They cost 3 Roubles to wherever you want to go.
There aren't many official taxis in Samara so if you want to go anywhere it is very common to hail any car going in the direction you want to go and negotiating a price for your destination. This is quite safe and a trip will cost anything from 10-50 Roubles around Samara.
To bay transport card (transpotnaya karta) if plans to make over 50 trips by bus, trolley bus, tram or metro. In metro station weekly. In kiosks 10-12 14-16 mon-fri.
The locals took us for a bike trip. It was fun, only I was afraid that we loose sb. on our way. As you see, helmet is not required