The Palazzo Pubblico is the town hall as well as its official Government Building. It is located on the site of an ancient building called the Domus Magna Comunis.
The building, where official State ceremonies take place, is the seat of the Republic's main institutional and administrative bodies: the Captains Regent, the Grand and General Council, the Council of XII, and the Congress of State.
The building was built between 1884 and 1894. After a hundred years of existence, it was becoming unsafe in today's standards, so a complex restoration project was undergone. The intervention was completed on September of 1996 in a month after I saw it in August.
-€ 4.50 for Museo di Stato e Palazzo Pubblico
The Basilica di San Marino is a Catholic church and the main church of the City of San Marino. It is situated on the Piazza Domus Plebis in the northeastern edge of the city, adjacent to the Church of St. Peter. It is dedicated to San Marino diacono, the founder and patron of the Republic.
The present church was built in 1836 in place of an earlier one that dated to 7th century. It is built in the Neoclassical style. Relics of St. Marino are enshrined in the basilica.
The Montale or the Third Tower, is located on the smallest of Monte Titano's summits and is the smallest out of three Towers.
It was constructed in the 14th century. Unlike the other towers, this one is not open to the public.
It was renovated in 1924.
The Cesta or Second Tower, or La Fratta is located on the highest of Monte Titano's summits. It was constructed in the 13th century.
A museum of old weapons to honor Saint Marinus, created in 1956, is located in this tower.
It dominates the skyline, offering superb views towards Rimini and the coast.
The Three Towers of San Marino form a group of towers located on the three peaks of Monte Titano
The Guaita, or First Tower, or La Rocca is the oldest and the most famous of the three defensive towers that overlook the city. It is dating back to the 11th century and served briefly as a prison.
The entrance of the pentagonal structure displays the republic's baroque coat of arms, purloined from the Palazzo Publico. Tourists are free to roam unhindered around most of the fortress.
-€ 4.50 for the First and Second Towers
I had to visit San Marino on a trip to Italy. In San Marino there are 3 towers of which you could visit 2. They are really great to photograph and there are also nice views! At one tower there is a museum with old weapons and other military items.
More info at-
The oldest military formation within the Republic is the Corps of Crossbowmen. It appears that there is written evidence of their existence, in a document dated 7 February 1339. However it appears that there is earlier evidence dated 1295 (legal statutes).
The crossbowmen were formed to defend the Republic, and never failed to do this! Their abilities became well known and they were asked to help neighbouring allies from time to time.
They continue to exist and continue to be known for their accuracy and skill in modern day competitions. Every year there is a festival which also includes flag whirling acrobats.
The Corps of Crossbowmen numbers 80 active members at this time. They are appreciated by everyone even when they are practising.
The First Tower (Guaita or Rocca) is the oldest and major Fortress of the Republic. It was built in the 11th century; and has been restored and renovated at different times since it was first constructed. This is one of the oldest military fortifications in San Marino and Italy.
The most recent renovation was carried out in 1930 and it has been open to the public since then.
Buy the combined ticket for the First and Second towers.
The Church was built in the 16th Century; on the site of an older chapel devoted to St Quirino. It is described in many books and guides as being "simple and poor in works of art" but this gives it a feeling of peace.
In July 1849, the church hosted the soldiers' of Giuseppe Garibaldi after the fall of the Republic of Rome. In fact Garibaldi, from the Church's open gallery, dissolved the 1st Roman Legion, and then assigned his flag to the Government of the Republic.
In the square in front of the church, there stands the Monument to St Francis. It was inaugurated in 1928.
The current Basilica was built at the beginning of the 19th Century, it was constructed on the foundations of a pre-existing church dating back to the 5th or 6th century AD. The original church had been the local parish church.
The basilica was a creation of Antonio Serra. The works started in 1826 and finished 1838. It was consecrated in 1855; it was not until 1926 that the Pope (Pius XI) made it a Basilica Minor. The church is home to a wealth of paintings and sculptures, and the bones of the Saint are in an urn housed in the high altar.
NOTE: You are not permitted to take photographs inside the Basilica. However I seem to have missed the signage until I left the basilica. In addition staff will stop you from doing this, I missed that too.
The museum is comprised of 4 rooms and brings together a collection of arms of all descriptions dating from the middle ages up to the beginning of the 1900s.
The Museum is within the Cesta Fortress; so do visit it too.
The Third Tower (Montale) The year of the tower's construction is unknown - and it is thought that this was used as a look out during the wars with the Malatesta family. The tower has a pentagonal base and the opening is several metres above the ground. It fell into disrepair but was restored in 1743.
The walk to the tower is pleasant and the views wonderful. There is no fee nor contact details for this unmanned attraction.
The Second Tower (Cesta or Fratta) was built in the 13th century. As with the Guaita Fortress this towwer has seen several renovations and it has now retained it's orginal charm.
Visit the Museum with in the tower.
Over many centuries the three fortresses of San Marino, have looked down from Mount Titano and defended the freedom and independence of the Republic of San Marino. The towers were never taken by storm, and in fact they fell into neglect due to the negligence of the population itself. They used the stones to build their own homes and businesses.
At the start of the 20th century, national spirits were revived and they started the restoration works, which finished towards the end of the century. The newly restored towers can be seen from the sea; they attract many millions of visitors to the Republic each year.
I was not sure what to expect - especially as it was billed as a unique and world famous museum. More than 100 instruments of torture from around the world.
Hours may vary; check their website for details.
They do not permit photography inside the museum.