Synagogue of Trnava was constructed the the very end of 19th century. As it was usual in Central and Eastern Europe towns, it had Jewish minorities also. Synagogue was constructed in Moorish - Byzantine style, so thats why it looks so exotic now among Catholic temples.
Nowadays it is not working for religious purposes. It houses Jan Koniarek gallery, some concerts and exhibition take place here.
Church of the Assumption and monastery
It is know that monastery was found already in 1239, so it is one of the oldest religious buildings in Trnava. The church itself was modified in 17th century, so now has features of Baroque.
This place is also works as museum and houses West Slovakian museum. I haven't visited it. Probably if I try to visit one or other museum in Trnava, I will need whole full day here.
Town hall was built in 14th and 15th centuries, the oldest part of it, naturally - Gothic style. Later it was modified, so now there is a building, where you can find also Renaissance and Baroque.
It was used also as a jail. Nowadays town hall houses exhibitions, it is place for different events.
St. Joseph church
It was constructed in the first half of 17th century. It was used for another religious community - Calvinists. It is an example of German style Baroque.
At the same 17th century church was acquired by Paulists. They modified it, adding Lorreto chapel.
St. Jacob church
The church stands just nearby town hall. Beginning of church comes back to 14th century, when it was build with a support of Hungarian King Louis I. Nowadays it is hard to see traces of Gothic, as church looks completely Baroque. Major reconstruction was made in 17th century.
It was one of opened for public churches, so I was able to visit it also inside. It has huge number of altars.
So called plague column of St. Joseph was built near St. Nicholas' Basilica in 1731 in a manner of Baroque. As name tells, it was already build to safe locals from plague.
Saints are shown on the column - it is topped by St. Joseph, also it has figures of t. Rosalia, St. Sebastian, St. Rochus, St. Nicholas, St. Charles Borromeus and St. Catherine of Alexandria. Plague columns were very popular architectural elements of that time in Central Europe.
St. Nicholas Basilica
It is one of the oldest interest - places in Trnava. You can immediately see it as walls of Basilica is Gothic, built in brick. St. Nicholas Basilica was constructed in 1380 - 1421. Interior is already more or less Baroque. It has a painting of Virgin Mary of Trnava, that takes many pilgrims to this place.
Basilica houses the ossuary still from Roman times - it represents the oldest sacred building in Trnava. I loved the architecture of this Basilica and an area around - very cozy, beautiful, not too much overcrowded.
Defensive wall of Trnava
It is one of rare towns of Slovakia, that still has defensive wall, fortifications. These were build in 13th century, closed the inner town, about 56 hectares from invaders. In 13th century it was even one of the biggest towns in Central Europe. It had also a few gates, wider ones, and a few just for pedestrians.
I can't tell, that wall looks now like from 13th century, it looks more or less reconstructed in some parts, anyway, it is impressive to see such a small town having still so long wall.
St. John the Baptist Cathedral
Italian architects Pietro and Antonio Spazzo projected this church to be one of the most beautiful early baroque church in Slovakia, and, as tourism information tells, even in Europe. It was constructed in the first half of 17th century, has an altar from 1640. For some time it belonged to university complex.
the crypt houses members of Jesuits. It got Cathedral status in 1977, John Paul II was visiting this Cathedral in 2003.
St. Ann church
St. Ann church is not so visible or big one, it was incorporated into a street. Church was built by Ursulines by the end of 18th century, mostly from gifts of religious people.
As it is mentioned in tourism information, church is one nave, that has oval ground place, a rare one in whole Slovakia. Pity, I haven't visited it inside, as some churches, including this, was closed.
The town tower
The town tower was constructed in 1574, in Renaissance style. Why it was so called? It was the tower for observing town area, about 57 meters high. Now, at least first floor houses tourism information office, where you can take city maps and information.
Tower has nice baroque spire, also the sundial on facade.
The Holy Trinity sculpture
Johann Christopher Khien designed this sculpture still in Baroque manner, in 1695. The sculpture composition depicts St. Florian, St. Agatha, St. Francis-Xaverius, St. Anthony of Padua, St. Rosalia.
It is central object of Trinity square. I wonder if it can be called also as Plague column, also very popular architectural object in Central Europe.
The Holiest Trinity church
Church was constructed in the first half of 18th century, in Baroque style. At first it belonged to Trinitarians, later - to Jesuits. Interior of the church is rich in wall paintings, which I liked the most.
It was the first church I visited in Trnava, it is real small church town ;)
Enjoy the architecture
Although the historical centre of Trnava has undergone many changes and restorations over the past couple of centuries, it still has many buildings of interest.
So take the time to look behind the flourishing trees on Hlavna and see the frontages, and to wander round the older parts of the town. You'll find much to see, despite the gaps caused by ongoing 'improvements' and the parlous state of a few older buildings.
- Historical Travel
Find the small things...
Trnava, like many other places of a similar age and style, has many small details to spot as you wander round.
It really is worth keeping an eye open for them. they'll tell you a little about the history of the
place, maybe a little about the people who once lived there...and they are, quite simply, fun to spot.
Here are a few things I saw:
1. Strange gargoyle-like faces on an older building in Namestie Svateho Mikulasa.
2. A rather beautiful sculpture of a rather beautiful girl set above the entrance to Obchodny Dom, on Hlavna. Was she the wife of the man who built it? His daughter? Or just the imagination of the stonemason?
3. Intricately detailed terracotta decoration on a Hlavna building.
4. The remains of frescoes on a building in Namestie Svateho Mikulasa. Probably from the 1500s or 1600s, maybe earlier.
5. A much, much earlier stone window in a restored, renovated and changed building. It's a clue that the building is much older than it seems at first sight: Medieval, rather than 1800s.
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