Kongresni square, Ljubljana
Kongresni Trg is a lovely square with some university buildings, a church and some Roman remains. The church here is the early Baroque Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity. There is a gold statue of an ancient Roman man here. It is based on a real statue found in the excavation of the remains of Emona.
A beautiful yellow Renaissance building houses the national Philharmonic orchestra, that according to a plaque in the facade was created in 1701. That seems to be wrong, meaning the construction of the building and not the creation of the orchestra.
This large square was built in 1821, but has already a rich history. Born Congress Square, it was name Revolution square during the communist period, and Liberty square after that, but the original name never disappeared. It is surrounding by several classified buildings, and it has underground parking, expensive but near the restricted central area.
At the south side of Kongresni trg you can see the nice building of the Philharmonic of Ljubljana. It was built in 1702 in a Renaissance style. Haydn, Beethoven and Brahms were honorary members. Gustav Mahler was stable manager during the concert season 1881-1882.
The big Kongresni Trg (congress square) was made on the occasion of the International Congress of the Saint Alliance with Austria, Prussia, Russia and Kingdom in Naples in 1821. The square is characterized by the park Zvezda (Star) from the form in which the trees were planted (You can see the form from the third photo that I made from the castle) . Next to the Slovenska underpass you can see the copy of the Notable of Emona whose original was brought to the light in 1836 in this zone.
Along the sides of the square you can see some interesting buildings!!!
This square replaced an original square for the 1821 Congress of the Holy Alliance and hence the name Kongresni Trg. The square contains many interesting buildings including a University of Ljubljana building, Philharmonic Hall, Bidermeyer building and the interesting Ursuline Church and monastery. The square is also overlooked by Ljubljana Castle.
In Kongresni trg (Congress Square), there are the buildings of the University of Ljubljana, the Slovenian Philharmonic and the Ursuline Church were built.The first musical community of Slovenia the Philharmonic academy was founded 1701. Her honorary members included names of big classic composers as Josef Haydn, Beethoven, Brahms and musics as Nikolo Paganini, while 1881-1882 was director the Gustav Mahler.
The Philharmonic Hall is a delightful building on the south-west corner of Kongresni Trg (which was so named because of Ljubljana's hosting of the Congress of the Holy Alliance in 1821). The Philharmonic Orchestra was established in 1701 and is in fact one of the oldest Philharmonics in the entire world. Mahler was a resident conductor (1881-82) and Beethoven and Haydn were honourary members. This is a must-see if you're a Classical music buff.
Congress Square, a grassy tree filled park surrounded by a number of Baroque buildings, was laid out in 1821 for the staging of the Congress of the Holy Alliance.
Around the square you'll find the following buildings:
University of Ljubljana-originally a ducal palace, built between 1898-1902, main seat of the university
Slovene Philharmonic Hall (Slovenska filharmonija), dates to 1892, you can still see performances here
Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity (Ursulinska Cerkev Sv Trojice)-completed in 1726, we didn't go inside but the high altar is the main feature inside, made from African marble and decorated woth figures representing Faith, Hope and Charity.
Casino (Kazina), a Classicist mansion built in 1837 to have a place to entertain the city's elite residents, it's now a dance school and bookstore.
This statue is a copy of the gilded bronze statue of a Roman patrician excavated from a site next to the Kazina building in 1836. The original statue can be found in the National Museum and dates from the 4th century and it originally symbolically marked the northern confines of the Emona graveyard. Part of the former Roman wall is located nearby.
Kongresni trg (Congress Square) used to be a much smaller square in the 17th century until it was relaid for the Congress of the Holy Alliance in 1821. The south end of the square is dominated by the University of Ljubljana which was erected as a ducal palace between 1898 and 1902. Next to this is the Slovene Philharmonic Hall which was erected in 1891 on the foundations of the former Provincial Theatre which was destroyed by fire. The other dominating building is the Ursuline church of the Holy Trinity which is a beautiful Baroque building built between 1718 and 1726.
In the Zvezda park (the Star), which stretches across the central part of the square, several sights are located. Surrounded by the remains of the town walls of the Roman Emona is a copy of the gilded bronze statue of a Roman patrician excavated from a site next to the Kazina building in 1836. Not far away from the statue, across the street from the Kazina, there is a picturesque music pavilion. The Anchor (Sidro) on a plinth was placed in the park in 1954, after the annexation of the coastal region of Primorje to Slovenia. Across the road from the Ursuline Church has since 1927 stood a copy of the Holy Trinity Column erected in 1722 and credited to Francesco Robba. The original has been kept at the City Museum of Ljubljana.
The Slovenian Philharmonic Building is one of the architectural gems around Kongresni Trg. It was built in 1701 and is so one of the oldest buildings of its kind. The Philharmonic Orchestra has a long tradition with such famous honorary members like Ludwig van Beethoven.
Once a pure rococo building, it was destryoed by a fire in 1887 and rebuilt again. Some smaller changes took place under Joze Plecnik in 1937. In 2001, it was refurbished again.
Perhaps the second central point next to Preseren Square is Kongresni Trg. It is the largest of the famous squares in Ljubljana's city center and surrounded by many interesting buildings. In the south, you will find the University of Ljubljana, built as a palace in 1902. The building of the philharmonic orchestra in the east was built in 1701 and the Ursuline church of the Holy Trinity in the west is one of the largest of the city. Sometimes, the square is called Zvezda (star) due to the form of its path and the trees planted along them.
Kongresni Trg was named after the congress of the holy alliance between Austria, Prussia, the state of Naples and Russia held in 1821. On June 25th 1991 it played an even bigger role. It was the place where Milan Kucan spoke out the famous words: "This evening, dreams are allowed - Tomorrow is another day". It was the day when Slovenia declared its independence by pulling out of the yugoslav federation. Two days later, the 10-days-war for independence began.
In front of Kazina building, this renovated Bandstand is located. It was going to be a place for bands to have their performances, but as I know, it is rarely used for that purpose. All the same, it is a charming addition to the Park Zvezda (Star).
Kazina, with its redcoloured facade, is dominated on the northern side of the Kongresni trg (square). The building is a wonderful example of Classical architecture. Nowadays it houses a -Dance school Kazina.