The Cathedral of St. Nicolas (Stolna cerkev sv. Nikolaja) dominates the silhouette of Ljubljana. It was built in Baroque style between 1701 and 1708.
In 1996 the cathedral was equipped with a new main bronze door in honour of the pope's visit.
The Cathedral of St. Nicholas is situated on the right bank of the river Ljubljanica; just next to the daily market on Vodnikov trg.
The Cathedral is a large structure but it is hardly an imposing one. In fact, if you're not following your guidebook it can be fairly easy to miss it on your tour of the old part of the city. This church is dedicated to the patron saint of boatmen and fishermen (no wonder its near the river) and is actually much younger than some of Ljubljana's other churches. It was built in the 18th century with a Baroque marble interior on the site of a 12th century church. The altar was, surprise, suprise, carved by Robba. The carved pews are also worth a look, as are the doors, one of which is dedicated to the 1250 years of Christian culture in Slovenia.
The Church of St. Florian was commissioned by the citizens of Ljubljana in memory of the great fire which devastated the Stari trg and Gornji trg squares in 1660. In 1774, the church burnt down. Since then it has undergone several reconstructions. It owes its present appearance to architect Jože Plecnik, who oversaw the reconstruction which took place between 1933 and 1934. The large fresco above the church door, which depicts of Our Lady of Mercy, was at the end of the 18th century painted by Janez Potocnik. The niches above the fresco are adorned with the statues of Charles the Great and St. Charles Borromeo.
There has been a church on this site since the 13th century when a Romanic church with three naves was first mentioned in 1262. After the fire of 1361 it was re-vaulted in Gothic style. When the Diocese of Ljubljana was established in 1461, the church underwent several alterations and a number of extensions were added to it. In 1469 it was probably burnt down by the Turks. In 1701 it was pulled down. Between the years 1701 and 1706, a new Baroque hall church in the shape of the Latin cross with side chapels was built by the Jesuit architect Andrea Pozzo. Originally painted on the arch above the crossing was a fake dome, while the present real dome was only built in 1841. Apart from the frescoes by Giulio Quaglio painted from 1703 to 1706 and from 1721 to 1723, the surviving Baroque interior decoration notably includes the statues of four bishops of Emona by the sculptor Angelo Putti, which were built beneath the beams of the dome between the years 1712 and 1713, Putti's 1715 painting of Dean Janez Anton Dolnièar, who initiated the rebuilding of the church in 1701, the altar angels in the left part of the nave, sculpted by Francesco Robba in the period from 1745 to 1750, and the altar angels in the right part of the nave, which were sculpted by the brothers Paolo and Giuseppe Groppelli in 1711. Two stunning sets of bronze doors were added in 1996 to commemorate Pope John Paul II's visit - the main one symbolises 1250 years of Christianity in Slovenia whilst the south door depicts six bishops and the history of the Ljubljana diocese.
The Church of our lady of Mercy is more widely known as the Križanke Church and is located next to the Križanke Summer Theatre in Trg Francoske Revolucije. The church was built between 1714-15 by Domenico Rossi for the Order of Teutonic Knights, the so called Knights of the Cross who first built a church on Novi trg in the 13th century. Unfortunately, the church was either closed or not actually open to the public when I visited.
This is a most beautiful church and as you enter notice the huge bronze door which was installed in 1996 to commemorate the visit of Pope John Paul II . The bronze decorations on the door depicts 1250 years of Christianity in Slovennia and also the Bishops of Ljubljana.
Since the mid 13th C. a church has stood on this side and is dedicated to St. Nicholas by the boatmen and fishermen of Ljubljana. The current church dates from the early 18th C. but contains a mid 15th C. pieta adorns the outside wall. There is a side door around to the left as you face the main door. This door was done to commemorate a visit from Pope John Paul II in 1996 and depicts 1150 years of Christianity in Slovenia. The main door was done the same year and has carved images of the 6 20th C. popes.
The interior is not large but is impressively lovely with numerous frescoes lining the archways, lots of gilt decoration and a vaulted ceiling above the altar.
The Ljubljana church which boatmen and fishermen dedicatd to their patron St. Nicholas, probably stood on the site of the present cathedral as early as the 13th century. The original Romanesque church was later rebuilt many times.
The contemporary church, with illusionist frecoes by Giulio Quaglio and built to the plans of the Roman Jesuit Andrea Pozzo, was constructed betweem 1701 and 1708. The cupola was added lateer by native architect Gregor Macek, and painted by Matevz Langus in 1843-44.
In the 1950s, architect Jože Pleènik made plans for new church furnishings. Two new bronze church doors were made in 1996, when Pope John Paul II visited Ljubljana.
St. Nicholas is the cathedral of Ljubljana. The church has been there since the 13th century but changed looks a lot of times during all these years. I haven't had a look inside but I enjoyed the very modern doors designed by sculptors Mirsad Begic and Tone Demšar.
St. Nicholas Church, Ljubljana’s cathedral, is easily recognisable by it’s green topped dome and twin towers. The cathedral was consecrated in 1707 6 years after building began, however there has been a church on the site since the 13th Century dedicated, as is the current church, to the patron saint of fisherman and boatman.
Start your visit by walking round the exterior. On the southern wall is a brightly decorated pieta, a copy of one that possibly used to be in the Gothic cathedral that preceded the present one. Two huge stunning bronze doors, on the side and front of the building, were added in 1996 to commemorate the visit of Pope John Paul II. Decorated with raised relief scenes depicting 1,250 years of Christianity in Slovenia and the bishops of Ljubljana they resemble sculptures as much as doors.
Inside the decoration, particularly the vivid paintings by Giuilo Quaglio and Matevž Langus, create a sense of excitement, movement and vitality. The wonderful ceiling in the nave is so full of detail that after a while you find your eyes swimming as you pick out the various figures, animals and scenes. Likewise the inside of the dome (a later addition to the church in 1841) may set your head spinning as you swivel your neck upwards to see the intricate frescos that decorate it. In the chancel are the imposing stalls for the bishop and clergy decorated with gilded wooden backrests, above is Langus’ impressive altar painting of St. Nicholas and above that small figures seems to hang from the wall linked together by vines of gold.
The whole effect is, as I said, one of vitality and also glory. Not only the glory of the construction itself but also the glory of the faith felt by those who conceived the construction. Such faith is shouted out in the bright colours, the gilding, and the scale of the decoration. And yet sitting in the quiet of the nave allowing your eyes to slowly glide over the wonderful frescos and sculptures it is also easy to find intimacy and contemplation. I’d recommend a visit.
Crossing the Three bridges you can find St. Nicholas' Cathedral, situated between the Ciril Metodov trg and the Ljubljanica river. A church has been standing here ever since the 13th century. This church is dedicated to the patron and guardian of fishermen and boatmen St. Nicholas. The church was first a romanesque building (13 th Century) , after was built in Gothic style (14th century) and finally afeter 1700 rebuit as we can see now.
Cathedral of Saint Nicholas was built in the beginning of 18th century, although first church on that location was built already in 12th century. Cathedral is located next to main city market. Interior is decorated with beautiful frescos. It has very interesting bronze main door built for 1250 years of Christianity in Slovenia. Behid that door there is automatic electric door made of glass which is quite unusual for the church.
From all directions you can see the white cathedral with its green copper CUPOLA and the 2 square Towers, also covered (partly) in green copper.
Towards the end of the 17th Century and the start of the 18th Century, Ljubljana became a notable ART CENTRE.
In the place of the present Cathedral was a church, that stood as early as The Middle Ages.
Some fishermen and boat-owners raised it and the Patron Saint was St. Nicolas.
Then at a certain time in history a new church was erected: larger of course, called a Romanesque basilica with a nave and two lower aisles.
The walls of the lower aisles were hightened and many new elements were added and the name also changed from time to time..
Of course was the old Cathedral in Ljubljana badly in need of repairs half of the 17th Century, which is understandable because you can't go on changing and adding etc..
PLANS for a new Cathedral appeared and the building could start, after lots of talks and thinking of course....
NOTE: the roofing of the new building was started in September because the mortar, the lime was stirred up with WINE instead of water (imagine that !!) to make the masonry as resistant as possible.
I now wonder who suggested doing so and did they already have proof that WINE would be better..........anyone WHO KNOWS ABOUT THIS PHENOMENON ???
PLEASE, let me know then.....I would be grateful.
In the meantime old parts of the former church were pulled down, the building went on and on and in the end a churchbell weighing 6,4 tons was hoisted up......
On 8th May, the church was solemnly consecrated and......YOU CAN VISIT AND ENJOY IT as I did........I loved this wood door with cherubs....
These two grand edifices flank the Cathedral to the west and north, respectively. The Bishop's Palace dates from the Renaissance, but its present form, featuring a beautiful inner courtyard and loggia, comes from the 18th century. Besides church dignitaries, Napoleon and other European emperors have rested their heads here, and the French governors of the province of Illyria also resided in the palace. The Seminary is likewise from the 18th century, and contains a priceless library. The big, dumb, lionskin-clad giants lurking in its doorway on Dolnicarjeva Street are the work of Andrea Pozzo.
This is the third church on the site after the previous one was pulled down in 1700. The church has two towers which is a traditional design for churches within the city. It is built in Baroque style.
It is dedicated to St Nicholas.