Puerta de Ubeda
The gate of Ubeda was a part of the city walls. In 1477 Isabel I, the Catholic Monarch, ordered its demolition to avoid confrontations among the noble families. Nevertheless, one of the three original arches and a tower have been preserved.
Fuente de Santa María
This fountain is in the middle of Santa María square, in front of the main façade of the Cathedral. It was built in 1654 by the architect in charge of the city water supply, Ginés Martínez.
The triple triumphal arch is crowned by a pediment supported by telamons.
Cathedral: Cloister and Museum
The cloister is accessed through the sacristy. There are four chapels and a small museum that exhibits a collection of codices, illuminated manuscripts and incunabula. There are also gold and silver liturgical objects, relics and clothing.
Also called Casas Consistoriales Altas.
This building was the seat of the City Council from 1511. The façade is flamboyant gothic style, adorned with the coats of arms of Juana I la Loca, daughter of the Catholic Monarchs, and his husband Felipe I el Hermoso (the Handsome) , son of Maximilian I.
Catedral de la Natividad de Nuestra Señora
On the place of the main mosque, a gothic church was built. Later, in the XVI century, the church was restored by Andrés de Vandelvira, following the Renaissance trend. Among the original elements of the gothic church are the Puerta de la Luna, in mudejar gothic (XIII century), the Rose window (XIV century) and the Puerta del Perdón (XV century).
Inside, the altarpiece outstands as well as the grillwork and the silver Monstrance.
Iglesia de Santa Cruz
This is probably the only Romanesque church in Andalucia. During the centuries XI, XII and XII, when the predominant style in western Europe was the Romanesque, Andalucía was under the Muslim rule.
This church was built in the XIII century. Paintings dated to the XV and XVI centuries represent the Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian and Saint Catherine.
The west front was taken from the ruins of San Juan church. The church consists of three naves with semicircular apse. A visigothic arch was found. A chapel occupies the place where there was a gate. The church belonged to the Templar Order.
Palacio de Jabalquinto
The Palace of Jabalquinto is the most important sample of civil architecture in Baeza. It was built in Plateresque style in the XV century, under the order of Juan Alfonso Benavides, favorite and relative of the Catholic Monarch Fernando.
The decoration of the façade is very rich. In the upper part there are eight tilted coats of arms arranged in the Flemish way. Four belonged to the wife’s lineage, four to the husband’s. There are also diamond points and nails. Two big cylindrical buttresses open forming mocárabes (honeycomb work).
As it was closed we couldn’t enter to see the courtyard and the Baroque stair.
Closed on weekend!
The foundation bull of the University of Baeza dates back to 1538, being the Pope Paulo III. The University worked for about three centuries and was closed down in 1824, when it became the College of Humanities. From 1875 to 1979 it was used as a secondary school, where the poet Antonio Machado imparted classes of French Grammar between 1912 and 1919.
In the mannerist façade there is a relief of the Holy Trinity and the coats of arms of Fernández de Córdoba adorned with tassels. Inside there is a great courtyard (patio) that organizes the distribution of rooms, as in other Renaissance buildings in Baeza and Úbeda.
Arco de Villalar and Puerta de Jaén
The arch of Villalar, on the left, linked to the Casa del Pópulo, was built in 1521 to commemorate the battle of Villlalar, in which Carlos V defeated the uprising of the Comuneros of Castile. It was never used as a gate.
On the right, the Jaén gate, an entry to the walled city.
La Antigua Carnicería
The old slaughter house was built in the XVI century within the city walls, and was moved to the Lions square or Plaza del Populo, its present location. There is a magnificent coat of arms of Carlos V in the upper gallery.
It has been used as municipal slaughter house until late in the20th century.
Ayuntamiento – Town Hall
The Town Hall was built in the XVI century. It is considered one of most valuable samples of the Plateresque style in Andalucía. The façade supports the coats of arms of Baeza, Felipe II amd the Corregidor (The mayor appointed by the King). It was used as a Prison and Lawcourts.
Today it is being restored, so we couldn’t see the Renaissance polychrome coffered ceiling in the session’s hall.
In front of the Town Hall you can see the house where the poet Antonio Machado lived.
Plaza de la Constitucion
The Plaza de la Constitucion lies in the heart of old Baeza, just down the hill below the Cathedral and University, and between Plaza de Espana and Plaza del Populo. The wide, tree-lined avenue is an ideal place to rest in the shade, and is obviously popular with the locals. Whilst we had a snack lunch at one of the bars on the west side, the square was full of local school children – many waiting to be picked up by parents.
Iglesia de Santa Cruz
The Iglesia Santa Cruz is the oldest church in Baeza, dating from the 13th century. Unusually it was adapted from a mosque, rather than being built on top of one. Unfortunately there was a tour party in the church when we were there, so I don’t have any pictures of the inside.
Palacio de Jabalquinto - the courtyard
Inside the Palacio de Jabalquinto, the courtyard has been beautifully restored. The carvings on the arches are worth closer scrutiny, but the best feature of all is the magnificent Baroque staircase in the far corner. Take a close look at the detail of the stone carving, and the splendid pair of doors. The pictures don’t do justice at this size.
Beyond the staircase is a small garden – a peaceful oasis to sit in the shade and rest your feet.
Palacio de Jabalquinto
This palace was originally built in the 15th century, and has been extensively altered since, most recently during its conversion into the International University of Andalusia. The main façade is most impressive, and the courtyard has been beautifully restored. You can wander in for no charge.
And best of all, through a door in the far corner of the courtyard – nice clean, modern toilets, always worth noting when you are exploring !
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