Plaza de España, Cadiz
This nice square was created at the beginning of the 20th century after refurbishing the old city walls, in an area "stealed" to the bay, where some soil was filled to expand the city.
In the middle stands the monument to Spain¡s first Constitution (1812), originated in Cadiz.
What's so special about this place apart from the fact it seems to have two names? Well, situated in the middle of a small park you can see the monument dedicated to the signing of the first constitution of Spain which took place in Cadiz on the 19th March 1812. Although it was replaced only two years later it is still a significant event in the Spanish history as it meant the abolishment of the Spanish Inquisition, among other things. It was signed in Cadiz as it was one of the only places not to have been invaded by the French.
In front of the monument there is an eternal flame burning.
The colloquial name for the constitution is LA PEPA which the people of Cadiz gave to it as it was signed on San José day and Pepa is a nickname for the female version of that name (the word constitution is female in Spanish: La Constitución) .
At this square, close to the port and the bus station, you can see the monument to the Cortes or what is the same the monument to the Constitution that has been the base to the actual one.
This constitution of 1812 was made after the Independence War.
La plaza esta al lado de la estación de autobuses y aquí esta el monumento a las Cortes de Cádiz, cuando la constitución en la que esta basada la actual se hizo realidad después de la guerra de la independencia en 1812.
Once at the Plaza de España, we are getting very close to our parking, but still we can see the port at our left (when looking to the Cadiz monument) and the palace of the Diputacion.
This photo shows a detail from the agreement of the new Spanish constitution (1812), which took place in Cadiz.
The modern constition has been much celebrated lately, in December 2003 it had its 25 anniversary, it is based upon the constitution of 1812, and was written by some of King Juan Carlos´s ministers in 1978.
The statue is really too big to fit in a photo. Here you can see more of the surrounding area and the pretty watchtower houses in the background.
This is one of Cadiz's prettiest Squares though it has some more practical uses too: The Diputacion de Cadiz is located here where there are art exhibitions and often concerts for free.
Well, it's not quite as impressive as the Plaza Espana in Sevilla, but Cadiz's version is still a nice place. The square has a number of benches and some manicured green spaces and is surrounded by some impressive buildings. The statue itself suits its setting by being constructed out of white stone.
Cadiz was the meeting place of the Cortes in 1810. This massive monument celebrates the constitution which came out of that meeting. School groups come here to learn about this part of Spain's history, and it is a good place to end your tour of Cadiz with many benches to rest upon.
At the center of the Plaza is a monument commemorating the Spanish Constitution of 1812. The constitution was written at Cadiz while the Spanish Cortes (government) was refugeed here during the Spanish war of Independence.