After the conquest of the Moors in 711 AD, they made good use of the Roman bridge, they sited their city as the Romans had on the north bank of the river. For defence they built the Torre de Calahorra at the southern boarding of the bridge. The strong fortified structure, surrounded by moats was to stop attack from the south bank on the city and preserve the bridge.
Today it is used to house the Museum of Andalusian Life and Cultural Exchange. Access to the bridge by vehicles has been stopped and Archaeological excavations are taking place around the tower.You will still be allowed to cross the bridge on foot.
Another intersting place to see during your stay in Cordoba it is: Tower of Calahorra.It is located just in one side of Guadalquivir river,just entering the city.This tower was built as muslim city's defensive system,and to protect the Roman Bridge and city.Today you can see here some very interesting audiovisual expositions and you can learn a little bit more about the golden years in Cordoba.
This defensive tower was built in 1369 by King Henry II in the war against his brother, King Peter I (Pedro). It is located on the opposite side of the Puente Romano, the Roman built bridge. Though only the foundations of the bridge remain of the roman construction.
Built in 1369 by Enrique de Trastámara, who wanted to fight back the attack of his brother Pedro, this awesome tower houses the "Three Culture Museum" (Muslim, Christian and Jewish), a real "must" when visit Cordoba.
Construida en 1369 por Enrique de Trastámara, quien quería defenderse de los ataques de su hermano Pedro, esta torre imponente aloja al "Museo de las Tres Culturas" (Musulmana, Cristiana y Judía), cuya visita es un verdadero "deber" cuando se visita Córdoba.
Built in the 13th century, the tower was once a part of the defense system for the city. It was used as a jail in the 18th century and then as a school for women in the 19th century. These days it houses the Living Museum of Al-Andalus. Thre is an entrace fee and it is close during the 2-4:30pm siesta period.
This tower stands at the south end of the Puente Romano (Roman Bridge). The tower was built by Enrique II for the civil wars, to defend from his brother (Pedro the Cruel- the guy that built the palace in Seville's Alcazar) of all people. Over time the tower has been used as a prison and a storehouse
I remember reading that the guidebooks mentioned it very dismissively. My own opinion was that it was a well done exhibit if taken with a grain of salt.
Today it is used by the Roger Garaudy Foundation, and has a small museum of the peaceful co-existence between the Jewish, Christian and Moslem cultures. Granted, their take on things shows it in a much more ideal light. There are three floors, and I have to say that the exhibitions were excellent, clear, thorough and easy to understand, showing the contributions of the major religions to Cordoba. Each exhibition has a theme: science and medicine (where they show and outstanding presentation of Arab/Moslem contributions to medicine) philosophy and learning , culture, architecture. Good use of multimedia in the presentations was most enjoyable.
Though the museum focuses very much on the positive aspect, on the harmonious coexistence of the three great monotheistic religions and the towering culture that existed in Cordoba, take it with a grain of salt. Roger Garaudy was a prominent Communist author. He wrote some 50 books. However, he was very controversial, arguing at one point that the Holocaust never happened. He also argued later on that the Sept 11 attacks were the work of the US government. No wonder!
*** if you stand outside, the Torre presents a gorgeous view of the city, great place to take pictures..
The Museum opens every day of the year, Monday to Sunday.
1st October to 30th April
From 10:00 h. to 18:00 h.
Multivision: 11:00 - 12:00 - 13:00 - 15:00 - 16:00 h.
1st May to 30thSeptember
From 10:00 h. to 14:00 h. and from 16:30 h. to 20:30 h.
Multivision: 10:30 - 11:30 - 12:30 - 17:00 - 18:00 - 19:00 h.
Just across the river from the Mezquita you will find the Torre De La Calahorra. This is a museum and from atop the tower you will get some great views of the city and the Mezquita. It was $4 Euros to get access but well worth it.
Torre de la Calahorra is a tower situated at one bank of river Guadalquivir, at the end of a Roman bridge. There is a very interesting museum at the tower, and from its roof you can enjoy a beautiful sight of Córdoba.
La Torre de la Calahorra está situada en una de las orillas del río Guadalquivir, al extremo de un puente romano. Hay un muy interesante museo histórico en la torre, y desde su cima se puede disfrutar una hermosa vista de Córdoba.
Built by order of Henry II of Trastamara in 1,369 over a Muslim foundation. Today is the headquarters of the Institute for the Dialogue of the Cultures, as well as contains an audiovisual museum featuring different epochs and ideas
This huge Fortress was built by Enrique II de Trastamara to defend the city from the attacks of his brother Peter the Cruel. The fortress was built over the remains of an old Arab Castle. Now the building houses the Museo Vivo de al-Ándalus, wich displays some interestings exhibitions of the history of the three cultures that reigned the city (Muslims, Jewish and Christians)...and what about the romans?
I always park at the entrance, just before the river when I visit Cordoba for tourist purposses. There are always lots of parking places there, so I do not have to pay parking, hehehe.
This is the itinerary that we made last time, just follow the must see activities in authors order.
Along the river until Calahorra tower, that in this days is a Museum dedicated to Al Andalus.
Now walk over the Roman bridge
Enjoy real model about the mezquita and Cordoba in general inside this building! Really, a great experience with lot of info available for everybody!
There are two surviving towers from the medieval city walls. One, Malmuerte, is near Plaza Colon, the other one across the river at the end of the bridge.