La juderia, Córdoba
The Puerta de Almodovar was one of the 9 gates built by the Moors, the only one that has survived into the modern age. It is the main gateway into the Juderia, the medieval Jewish quarter of Cordoba. It was originally built in the 14th century by Abd-al Rahman.
Directly in front of it stands the statue honoring a famous resident of Cordoba, the Roman philosopher Seneca.
This statue honors the memory of Averroes who was born in Cordoba in 1126. He was one of the great philosophers, astronomers and writers of his time.
One of his great contributions was the idea that the greek philosophical method/ideas were compatible with Islamic teaching, his major work in this field being Commentaries on Aristotle.
Looking at his information it is impossible not to be impressed by the breadth of his knowledge and expertise, predating the Renaissance Man by several centuries.
source: cordoba tourism
The juderia is a charming entirely white district, filled with patios and flowers that state the testimony of the Jewish nucleus that already existed at Roman and Wisigoth times. In 1965, in the small Tiberias square, after over 800 years, the Cordobans finally erected a monument in honor of Maimonide, born in 1135 right there in the juderia. Persecuted and expelled from his homeland by the Moors when very young, he traveled the world studying medecine and philosophy becoming the illustrious and wise thinker we known today. Also in its western part, amongst ponds and gardens, a tribute to two others great Cordoban figures: Seneca, Roman writer and philosopher, whose statue is located in a charming square neighbouring the Door of Almodovar, and the statue of Averroes in the street of the Muralla. The Zoco or market, where the crafts stores meet flamenco in the summer, is a great place for shopping or just walking around and feel the ambiance. La juderia is an ensemble of narrow and sinuous street, one more charming than the other and much, much more if given the chance to be discovered.
The old jewish quarter is full of narrow streets, white andalusian style houses with balconies decorated with flowerpots. It´s also the touristic face of the city with handicraft shops, restaurants and bars.
The old Jewish market where you can still buy jewellery with the star of David on it or other Jewish items such as the traditional Candle stick representing all the tribes of Israel.
You can also visit workshops and showrooms in and around this lovely patio.
The Juderia (old Jewish quarter), built up in the 14th century, is next to the Alcazar and Mezquita is worth a stroll. Its narrow winding lanes, cobblestone streets, flowers hanging from wrought iron balconies transport you to days long past. The Juderia has several restaurants and cafes, as well as shops, both cheap souvenir places and more upscale leather and ceramic shops.
Supposedly, it has a movie theatre, which we tried to find so we could go somewhere with air conditioning, but the theatre completely eluded us, even though we walked around its purported location about 5 times.
Moses Maimonides was born in 1135 in Córdoba. He was a Jewish rabbi, physician, and philosopher in Andalusia, Morocco and Egypt during the Middle Ages.
Moses Maimonides nació en 1135 en Córdoba. Fue rabino, físico y filósofo en Andalucía, Marruecos y Egipto durante la edad media.
A labyrinth of winding, narrow streets, shady flower-filled courtyards and picturesque squares such as La Plaza del Potro.
El barrio judío es una compleja trama de callejones con un típico sabor andaluz. No hay que dejar de verlo y perderse entre sus calles.
In the Medieval era Cordoba was one of the centers of Jewish culture. One of the ancient synagogues is partially restored, and the city has installed a monument to a Jewish thinker Maimonides, Cordoba's native son. Streets of Juderia do not differ from streets of the rest of old town.
Puerta de Almodóvar, one of the best preserved of Cordoba's city gates, lies adjacent to la Judería, the Jewish quarter. Cordoba's fortified walls date back to Roman times and this section was part of the original Roman wall surrounding the city. The Arab conquerors reinforced and expanded the walls in the 11th century as the threat from the Christian north increased. In the 13th century, much of the wall incurred damaged as the Christians took over, though it was subsequently repaired using Arab workmen.
The "Jewish Quarter" lies to the North and East of the Mezquita. A map is helpful. We were led this time, which gave us little time to se let alone visit. The tourist stop supreme is the Plaza and Calle de las Flores from which we were led to the Plazuela de Maimonides with his statue and the adjacent Museo Municipal Taurino (containing bullfight memorabilia). We did not visit it but saw its fine courtyard. We went past the ancient Synagogue but did not enter and finally ended at the Almodovar Gate. The pace was rapid and we barely found time to peer into a single private patio (which is a main reason for this type of walk).Outside the Gate there were pools next to the walls like those in the Alcazar and also a statue of Seneca (and our bus which took us off for lunch beyond the city).
Along the west boundary of the Juderia (the old Jewish Quarter) are the remains of the old city fortifications. The walls are impressive and in very good condition. The wall runs for approximately 300 meters from Calle de Fernandez Ruano southeast to Avenida Doctor Fleming, just a block northeast of the Alcazar. There is a gate, the Puerta de Almodovar, at the northwest end of the walls. A walkway and a tranquil series of cascading pools run parallel to the south side of the wall.
Moses Maimonides, also known as Rambam, is considered to be the greatest Jewish scholar and thinker of all time. He just so happens to also be a native of Cordoba, having been born in 1135. There is a nice bronze sculpture of him in a quiet courtyard just off of Calle de los Judios in teh Juderia. Maimonides was a philosopher and physician, serving as the court physician to the rulers of Egypt where he and his family fled after the Almohads conquered Cordoba. He is best known for his treatises on Judiasm.
You can read more about Maimonides at http://scheinerman.net/judaism/personalities/rambam.html
La Juderia is one of the best parts of Cordoba and it is a real treat just to walk around the narrow cobbled streets and alleys.
It stretches from the mezquita right up to Gran Capitan and contains many points of interest along the way such as sime of the most beautiful Andaluz patios in Andalucia, the Jewish market, Sinagoga and the Casa Andaluci on Calle Judios 12.
Basically the Casa Andaluci is a 12th century house with exhibitions on medieval and Muslim culture
You can also see the Puerta de Almodovar which is the old Islamic gate into the city.
This city quarter was inhabited by Spanish Jews, Sephardics Jews, and is made up of winding little beautiful streets dates as far back as the I century, reaching is zenith in the X century with the Jewish academies that it hosted. It would be from here where most of the advances of the Middle Ages would spring to life, since Córdoba was a cradle for poets, scientists, and philosophers which are remembered with the street names.