Moorish mills, Córdoba
Just to the west of the Roman bridge, you will see the remains of four Arab mills. They are in quite good condition considering their age. The northernmost of the mills has a restored waterwheel, quite impressive in its size,but unfortunately a good view of it is partly blocked by trees. The mills were used for making flour from wheat and later for also pumping water up to the Alcazaba.
This whole area has been set aside to grow wild, to protect it as a habitat for the many birds. I saw a multitude of herons and seagulls and a few birds whose names I dont know. I found it quite amazing the number of wild birds living so close in a city center.
While crossing the Roman Bridge at our left there are the five mills.
This Mills are over the Guadalquivir river bed, so they had got flooded several times.
I wish they could spend some money on their restoration as it is a pity to see them so forgotten and in such a bad state.
The most famous one is the mill of Albolafia, as it was used for pumping water up for the Alcazar gardens.
Keep on walking till the end to see the triumph gate
The Roman Bridge is a much restored (essentially Moorish on Roman bases) structure. The Calahorra Tower is a Moorish defense structure of 1369 (and contains a small museum ). It is on the South bank of the Guadalquivir River. Downstream (West) on the North Bank are the Arab Water Wheel and the Alcazar.(which contains spectacular Roman artefacts and charming pools and gardens). A portion of the Moorish defensive wall runs along the river bank and another segment along the Juderia to the Almodovar Gate. All of these can be spotted out on a map and make an easy walk when visiting the Mezquita.
Whilst some of us won't bat an eyelid seeing mills, knowing a little on the history of Moorish mills might spur some interest in these seemingly common features. Possibly the greatest contribution of the Moors to Andalucia was the introduction of features like mills and drains to irrigate and bring water to the arid land. The architecture greatness is expecially lauded in Granada and Las Alpujarras where the Moors made these areas habitable and ariable.
This mill can be sighted along the river near the Alcazar and roman bridge.
This river is the main one in the Spanish South. It is surprisingly wide and has trees growing in the middle. The river is crossed by a Roman bridge which was under restoration at the time of my visit.
The waterwheel is located in the river near the Mezquita. It is a reconstruction from parts of the original wheel.