This arch was one of the 3 entrances to the castle or alcazar, was sited on the square of the same name.
As we said before there are 3 gates that date from the 12th till the 15th Century to enter at the walled city. This one is one of the oldest.
After the tour of the Museum, the guide took us on a small walk to a nearby street, we entered a building and made our way through a passage and down some steps. Another surprise, in the basement of the building was a complete Roman street. It had been discovered during the construction of an underground carpark, the car park was moved aside and the room containing the roadway preserved.
I was very impressed, the street looked as though it was much more recent than the 2000 years it had existed, much of that time buried and forgotten under the later settlements. The surface was paved with slabs, pavements existed at either side, even the remains of an entrance into a Roman building. It still had a sewer running underneath in its center.
The walls of the basement were decorated with plans and maps of the Roman town, along with some of the finds, found during the excavation and photgraphs. Who knows how much of this still exists below the streets of modern Medina.
We entered the town museum, to my surprise it housed the excavations of the Roman sewers. The museum has utilised the buildings around the excavation. Entrance includes a guided tour of the sewers and a watercourse that were built in the 1st century. They are in fact big enough to walk through and run like rabbits tunnels well below the present town. They follow the lines of the original Roman streets.
The Romans took over Medina Sidonia from the earlier Phoenicians, and built a fort and a town built up around it. The town was called Asido Caesarina.
The Puerto del Sol is probably the most recent gateway, it translates as the Sun Gate. In appearence its not so attractive, covered in a modern render. It is located at the bottom of the roadway down from the castle.
The town has three gates through its ancient walls, the Belen gate (or Bethlehem gate) leads directly into its historical center. After you pass through dont forget to look back and up, inside the wall is an nitch containing the statues of the Virgin and Jesus. This gate was constructed in the 16th century and its style differs from the earlier Arab gateway.
This arch dates back to the 16th century and is also known as Puerta de los Gitanos (the Gypsies gate).
Built in 1871, as you can see from my photos at the time of my visit there was no activity at all, probably it only opens in the mornings.
The original building was constructed in 1673 but was had to be rebuilt in 1729. The top floor was built in the 19th century.
Looking at the photo you would imagine to be in nearby morocco, this Arch was built in the 10th Century.
Known as La Alameda and Plaza de España, it has a few cafes, restaurants and seems to be the meeting place for locals. At the end of the main square you can find the City Hall.
The Stables of the King, once used to house horses, but today used for exhibitions and displays. At the time of our visit there was nothing to be seen and it was not open.
The tourist office is at the top of the city, in the Square of La iglesia mayor s/n.
Las oficinas de turismo estaba en la plaza de la Iglesia la mayor en lo alto de la ciudad.
From the vantage point of the Castle, you can get good views over the town and the surrounding countryside. Well worth the short hike to the hilltop.
This are the very well conserved rest of one of the Romans main streets.
It was called Cardo Masimux and it is from the I century
To enter go to the archaeological museum
From the Town hall square we can see lots of sweets and cakes shops with typical deserts of the area, just in front of them is the market.