It is one of the two towns, the other one was the present Palma, founded by the consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus, leader of the Roman expedition that dominated the island in 123 BC. The excavations have uncovered two streets and several houses, plus the Forum, the public square where singular buildings have been found, such as the Capitol Temple dedicated to imperial cult. As from the III century AD a wall was built of which 100 metres are preserved. On the outskirts of the town, is the Roman theatre, built at the end of the I century AD with a capacity for 2000 people.
Since 1957 a team led by A. Arribas, M. Tarradell and D. Woods has been carrying out an annual campaign of excavations, sponsored by The William L. Bryant Foundation. During the work they have made some important archaeological discoveries, such as a bronze girl's head and several coins, which are kept in the Monographic Museum on Pol·lèntia. The finds indicate that this was a rich and refined town, connected and linked economically to Rome, Hispania and the north of Africa.
The Roman Town of Pollentia has been classed as Cultural Interest Heritage and also as a Historic Artistic Group, together with the historic centre of Alcúdia. At present, the administration of the remains and museum is by a consortium comprised of the Alcúdia Town Council and other institutions, such as the Mallorcan Council. Some 500 metres from the Roman remains, the Chapel of Santa Anna, dating from the XIII century, can also be visited.
The entrance fee to access the Roman Town is 2 euros. This also includes the visit to the Monographic Museum of Pol·lèntia, which is inside the historic centre of Alcúdia, facing the parish church of Sant Jaume. Visiting times are from Tuesday to Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Saturdays and Sundays from 10 30 a.m. to 1 p.m. and closed on Mondays and Holidays.
Alcudia is a perfectly restored walled city on the site of a Roman settlement, with remains of Roman houses and an amphitheater.
The town situated at the north end of the Island between the bays of Alcudia and Pollença. There were Phoenician and Greek settlements here, but the town reached its heyday in the 2nd C BC, when the Roman invaders made it their capital, Pollentia, meaning 'power'.
Destroyed by Vandals in the 6th C, the town returned to greatness under the Moors, who built alkudia ('the town on the hill'). Like the rest of the island, Alcudia was liberated by King Jaime I in the early 1200's. It became a fortified city and withstand out against the Agermanados and in doing so was given the status of Fidelisima Ciudad (very faithful city) by Carlos I in the 1500's. The walls that you see today were added after the Spanish conquest in the 14th C.
You enter the city through one of the two town gates the Portal de Moll, with two square towers and two massive palm trees standing guard, is the symbol of Alcudia. The narrow streets of the old town, especially Carrer d'en Serra, are resonant of Palma's Arab quarter. Look for the Ca'n Torro library, at Carrer d'en Serra 15, opened in 1990 in a former mansion. The Archeological Museum founded in 1948, houses an extensive collection from the excavations carried out by students and scholars from all over the world under the sponsorship of the Bryan Foundation. A short walk from the parish church of Sant Jaume takes you to three interesting sights, connected by sign-posted footpaths.
Closest to town are the remains of Roman houses at Pollentia, near here are the well preserved Teatro Romano (Roman amphitheater), and the Orator de Santa Anna, one of Mallorca's oldest churches.
you must go to alcudia and take a boat trip to formentor beach. the boat takes you round the coast of north majorca and has some great views of the coast. formentor beach is a bit crowded as alot of tourist go there. take a pack lunch as food there is expensive for a hot dog.
The old town of Alcudia used to have 3 different gates and hopefully you can still see 2 of them.
Coming from Palma we parked the car outside and walked inside the walled city through the main gate (puerta Principal). The massive towers gives you a picture of how this old town was anyway centuries before when during the 14th century when King Jaume II founded the new town of Alcucia.
Xara Gate(or Portal de Moll) is on the south side, probably a bit more photogenic as it is cut off from the walls with two palm trees in front of the gate. We saw this gate (the old harbour gate) in many postcards as it is some kind of symbol for Alcudia.
There is a market in front of Xara gate (at plaza Carlos V) on Tuesday and Sunday mornings (9.00am to 15.00) although during summer months it may also go inside the city walls too. The main part of the market is focusing on products by local farmers but also plenty of shoes, clothing, handbags and souvenirs.
You can walk around the city walls and actually see parts of the wall along the way as the can be followed on the inside along ronda muralla or outside.
Although modern Alcudia spreads around the walls the main attraction of Alcudia is the Old Town itself. Small well reserved and pedestrianised alleys will give you many chances for some nice photos but also they will take you back in time... dont forget that the city plan havent changed since many centuries ago with some houses dating back from 13th century! What’s more you can see excavations of the old Roman town (when it was called Pollentia)
We walked a lot through the picturesque alleys (pics 1-2-3) but we also saw some building like Casa Consistorial, it’s the town hall that was built in 1929 in mediterranean renaissance style to fit into the town(pic 4). The bell tower with the clock is lovely!
There weren’t many people around but I guess the weekly market (on Tuesday and Sunday) attracts more visitors in the Old town.
At placa de la Constitucio (pic 5) we noticed more people as there are lot of cafes and restaurants. The truth is that we liked more some smaller restaurants in the back alleys. If you dont want to have lunch you can also try to check the Archaelogical Museum, another museum with items from roman period.
San Jaume church is a roman catholic church that dominates the old town as it is much taller than any other building. It was built in neo gothic style in 1893 on the site of a previus church that was standing there since the beginning of 14th century and collapsed in 1870!
Once inside I couldnt believe how beautiful the church is! There are picture windows that bring nutaral light inside but as expected I loved the big rose window which is sculpted by the local artist Ferrer Marti.
The side chapels are also nice with interesting altarpieces and if you have some extra time you can also visit the church museum which houses religious items, old carvings, liturgical objects, clothes, a chalice from 14th century etc
The entrance is free for the church but you have to give 1 euro for the museum
There’s also a festival dedicated to San Jaume. It takes place in July for 9 days with traditional music, exhibitions, theatre and parades inside the old town (Night Of the Romans is the most popular with people using traditional roman uniforms!)
By the way at called Sant Jaume 2 you can visit Museo Monografico de Pollentia with items dating from the roman era when Pollentia was the capital of the island. It open Tue-fri 10.00-13.30, 17.00-19.00, weekends 10.30-13.00. Unfortunately we didn’t visit it.
The small alleys all over the old town is the best attraction of Alcudia. Most of them are peaceful and will give you great photo opportunities although some of them are very narrow and there will be always someone coming the other way :)
The most interesting among them was Carrer d’en Serra also part of the old Arab quarter (the contrast with the organized roman streets is obvious). There are some interesting old mansions to see there like Ca’n Fondo (carred d’en Serra 13) and Ca’n Torro (carrer d’en Serra 15) that houses that town’s library.
Both of them were closed so we just walked to a small square where we drunk a coffee (pic 4) and then to other streets, pic 5 shows Ca’n Canta (carrer Major 18) but I dont have information about it...
Portal de Moll is one of two gates still remaining, this one has a round-arched portal within two large square towers and a small window above the arch. At the front are two large palm trees, the gate also happens to be the symbol of Alcudia.
Is a huge building, by far the biggest on town, where every building don´t rise more than 15 meters high. This church is right to the left of the Xarxa gate, in front of the reaminings or the roman city.
During this walking tour you can visit to the remains of the Roman city of Pollèntia, a city founded in the year 123 BC. There are three points of interest in this city: the Casa dels Dos Tresors, the Roman Theatre and the Archeological Museum of Pollèntia. If you have enough time than you can go on to I'Oratori de Santa Anna, a small XIII C church. This tour can be done on foot or by bike.
The excursion begins by the church. Cross the road to the ruins and immediately in front of us are the remains of a Roman house, the Casa dels Dos Tresors. This house was discovered during the excavations of the Portella in the year 1959-61. We leave these remains and take the sports stadium road that leads us three hundred meters farther on until I'Oratori de Santa Anna, which is open in the mornings if you want to go in. Now we continue the tour by returning along the same way we have taken, and 50 meters from the Oratori, on the right, we come to the old Santa Anna path that crosses what was once the Roman city; a short way ahead there is a bend in the path and on the right is a track that gently slopes down. 5 minutes later we arrive at the Roman Theatre path, which we follow in the opposite direction to Alcúdia and 100 meters farther on there is a track to the right by the side of the Roman Theatre. To go to the Museum, we turn round and go back to the camí del Teatre Romà once again and keep to this until Alcúdia. We return to the point of departure and right beside the church, next to the old part of the town there is the museum (carrer de Sant Jaume, 30).