The two most remarkable aspects of Ibiza —biodiversity and culture— lead to its declaration of World Heritage Site by the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO).
The Carthaginians were the ones who founded the ancient Ibosim, back in 654 B.C. In little more than a century, the city became a strategic colony in the western Mediterranean. Ebusus during the Roman Empire and later named Yebisah under Muslim rule, the island came under the rule of King Jaume I after the Reconquest, in 1235. The continuous pirate sieges lead to the construction of a wall to fortify the city, in the 16th century.
Presently, the city is divided into Sa Penya, known as "ciudad baja" (lower city) and Dalt Vila, a monumental area located on the higher part of the city, declared World Heritage Site. Dalt Vila is surrounded by well preserved Renaissance walls, built by King Carlos V, which served as a model for walls and fortresses in the New World. The considerable height of its bastions provides a gorgeous view to the city and the port under it.
Fondest memory: The city within the confines of the wall
The Portal de ses Taules is the gate to the walled enclosure, with remarkable buildings inside, like the City Hall, located in the old convent of Predicadores, the church of Santo Domingo and the chapel of Sant Salvador. The cathedral, erected on top of an ancient mosque, has a sober Gothic structure, built in the 14th century and later remodelled in the 18th century. One of the most valuable pieces of precious metalwork that are kept inside is a gold-plated silver monstrance.
The best way to admire the popular architecture of Ibiza is to walk through the historic quarter's narrow streets until the port, going through the central boulevard of Vara de Rey, to later continue along the port to the Botafoc lighthouse.
In addition to the fishing district in the lower city, another important spot is the necropolis of Es Puig des Molins, also declared World Heritage Site, along with the Phoenician town of Sa Caleta and the Ses Salines Nature Reserve. On this site, more than 4,000 Punic and Roman tombs have been discovered. The figurines of Goddess Tania and the God Baar, are the two main pieces.
Along the shore, numerous terraces and restaurants line up, where visitors will be able to try the best of Ibiza cuisine. At night, the capital unveils its party side, with cafeterias, nightclubs, after-hour clubs and DJs that begin spinning at their fashionable parties.
The beaches and coves of Ibiza, such as Figueretes, Es Viver and Talamanca have beautiful golden sands and a magnificent seabed that will dazzle scuba divers, since it houses a great number of Mediterranean native species, part of a rich and diverse marine ecosystem. This combination of culture and biodiversity has been a key factor in the decision of UNESCO of declaring this place a World Heritage Site.
In fact this was the only holiday with my dad and mum, so it makes a special holiday. A year later they had a heavy caraccident and that made my dad unable. So yes the whole holiday is a fondest memory!
Fondest memory: Take a look in my travelogue by clicking on it on the topright under my picture.......Enjoy your stay.
Fondest memory: From here you can get boat trips to beaches, to go diving, fishing or just sailing round. You can hire pedalos here and even watch container ships docking with supplies to the island.