Cathedral, Burgos

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Plaza de Santa Maria

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  • Cathedral of Burgos - Westside.
    Cathedral of Burgos - Westside.
    by breughel
  • Cathedral
    by elpariente
  • Cathedral
    by elpariente
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    La Sacristía Mayor - The Main Sacristy

    by elpariente Updated Dec 4, 2012
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    La Sacristía Mayor acaba de ser restaurada
    Contrasta su estilo barroco rococó con el del resto de la catedral
    Tiene una cúpula elíptica de seis gajos y linterna así como una abigarrada decoración, y está dedicada al tema de la Coronación de la Virgen como Reina del Cielo

    The sacristy has just been restored
    The rococo-baroque style contrasts with the rest of the cathedral
    It has an elliptical dome and lantern with six wedges and a motley decoration, and is dedicated to the subject of the Coronation of the Virgin as Queen of Heaven

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    Capilla del Condestable - Constable Chapel

    by elpariente Updated Dec 4, 2012
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    En la capilla del Condestable , del siglo XV, dedicada a la Purificación de la Virgen están enterrados el Condestable de Castilla Pedro Fernandez de Velasco y su esposa doña Maria de Mendoza
    Llaman la atención sus retablos , las rejas , su bóveda estrellada , pero especialmente destaca la tumba, hecha con mármol de Carrara del condestable y su mujer
    Hay que ver el detalle que tiene la tumba , sus caras , las vestiduras y todos los detalles de la misma
    Nota : Condestable de Castilla : En el siglo XIV era el máximo representante en ausencia del Rey , con un cargo vitalicio pero no hereditario que era el mando supremo del ejército y tenía el derecho de llevar pendón, mazas y rey de armas ( Responsable del registro dela nobleza )

    In the chapel of the Constable, dated on the XV century, dedicated to the Purification of the Virgin, are buried the Constable of Castile Pedro Fernandez de Velasco and his wife Dona Maria de Mendoza
    They draw attention to their altarpieces, bars, its starry vault, but especially highlights the tomb, made ​​of Carrara marble, of the Constable and his wife
    You have to see the detail that has the tomb, their faces, their dressings and all the details of them
    Note: Constable of Castile: In the fourteenth century was the most representative in the absence of the King, with a lifetime appointment but it was not hereditary, he had the supreme command of the army and had the right to bear pennant, clubs and king of arms (Manager of registry of nobility)

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    PULCHRA ES ET DECORA

    by elpariente Updated Dec 4, 2012
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    La Catedral de Santa María en Burgos es una Maravilla !!!!
    "Pulchra es et decora"«Eres hermosa y bella»,es el lema de la Catedral en latín que está escrito en la puerta de la Coronería de la . Hace alusión a la Virgen María, aunque también se puede pensar que el arquitecto quiso hacer mención de la propia catedral
    Burgos que está en el camino de Santiago tenía una pequeña catedral románica dedicada a Santa María que se quedó pequeña , así que Fernando III el Santo , en el siglo XIII , decidió iniciar la construcción de una nueva catedral que no se acabaría hasta el siglo XVIII . La catedral es principalmente de estilo gótico aunque en ella se conjugan de una forma muy armónica todos los estilos de los años en que duró la construcción
    Hay que verla por fuera con detalle , para ver las esculturas y pináculos , disfrutando sus fachadas , sus puertas (Sarmental , Coroneria , Pellejería ...) , sus dos torres y el cimborrio que está en el centro de la catedral
    Como datos prácticos podemos decir :
    - La catedral está dividida en dos partes una para el culto y otra que se puede visitar
    - Horario de visita : Verano ( de 9:30 a 19:30 ) y en invierno ( de 10:00 a 1900 ) , última entrad una hora antes del cierre
    - Precio normal de entrada 7 Euros ( Hay algunos descuentos )

    The St Mary Burgos Cathedral is wonderful!!
    "Pulchra es et decora" 'You're beautiful and pure "is the motto of the Cathedral in Latin that is written on the door of Coronería Door.
    It refers to the Virgin Mary, but you can also think that the architect wanted to make mention of the cathedral itself
    Burgos is on the "Camino de Santiago"and it had a small Romanesque cathedral dedicated to Santa Maria which became small, so Ferdinand III ,the Saint , in the thirteenth century, decided to start the construction of a new cathedral that would not end until the eighteenth century . The cathedral is mainly Gothic but combine it in a very harmonious way all styles of the years-long construction
    Must be seen the exterior in detail, to see the sculptures and pinnacles and enjoying their facades, doors (Sarmental, Coroneria, Pellejería, ...), the two towers and the dome that is in the centre of the cathedral
    As a practical data we can say:
    - The cathedral is divided into two parts, one for worship and one that you can visit
    - Opening hours for visitors : Summer (9:30 to 19:30) and in winter (from 10:00 to 1900) Entrance up to one hour before closing
    - Normal price of entry 7 Euros (There are some discounts)

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    La escalera dorada - The golden staircase

    by elpariente Written Dec 3, 2012

    Como la catedral esta construida en la falda de una colina , había que buscar una solución práctica que no ocupara gran espacio y para ello , Gil de Siloé , hizo esta escalera en tramos para poder entrar por la puerta de la Coronería
    Tiene curiosos vínculos con Francia, ya que Napoleón fue la última persona que bajó por esta escalera y posteriormente sirvió como modelo para diseñar la escalera de la Opera de Paris

    As the cathedral is built on the hillside, they had to find a practical solution that does not occupy much space and for this, Gil of Siloé, made the ladder sections to enter from the door of the Coronería
    It has curious ties to France, as Napoleon was the last person who came down the ladder and later it served as a model for designing the staircase of the Opera de Paris

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    El Papamoscas - The flies eater

    by elpariente Updated Dec 3, 2012

    El "Papamoscas " , es parte de un reloj , que con su sombrero verde , su chaqueta roja y con una partitura en la mano izquierda abre y cierra la boca , mientras suena la campana que da las horas.
    Se llama papa moscas , pues parece que intenta comer moscas, cuando abre y cierra la boca , que es lo mismo que hacemos los que mirando hacia arriba estamos viendo como da las horas
    Tiene un ayudante que está a su derecha , que se llama el "Martinillo" , que es más pequeño , está de cuerpo entero y con dos martillos que tiene en la mano golpea dos campanas para dar los cuartos y las medias


    The " flies eater ", is part of a clock, that with his green hat, his red jacket and a music score in the left hand, opens and closes the mouth, while the bell strikes the hours.
    It is called "flies eater", because it seems that he trying to eat flies, when he open and close his mouth, which is the same thing that we're doing when looking up seeing how he strikes the hours
    He has an assistant who is on his right, which is called the "Martinillo", that is smaller, in full length and has two hammers in the hands that beats two bells in the quarters and half hours

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    Crucero y Cimborrio - Transpet and Dome

    by elpariente Updated Dec 3, 2012
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    En la intersección de las naves mayor y transversal está el cimborrio del crucero, de cincuenta metros de altura,sobre cuatro gigantescas columnas donde un sistema de pechinas da lugar al gran octógono que culmina en una preciosa bóveda de estrella calada, que permite el paso de la luz .
    El rey Felipe II dijo cuando la vió dijo , "mas parece hecha por ángeles que por hombres"
    Aquí se encuentra la tumba del Cid Campeador y de su esposa doña Jimena

    At the intersection of the major nave and the transversal is the dome of the cruise, fifty feet high, on four huge columns where scallops system gives rise to large octagon that culminates in a lovely openwork star vault, which allows the passage of light.
    King Philip II said when he saw it, "but it seems that angels made it and no​​ men"
    Here is the tomb of El Cid Campeador and his wife Jimena

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    Capilla de - Santa Ana - Chapel

    by elpariente Updated Dec 2, 2012
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    Capilla de la Concepción y Santa Ana
    En la reja que está a la entrada, se indica que esta es la capilla funeraria del obispo don Luis de Acuña en la que destaca especialmente el retablo de estilo gótico flamenco , de Gil de Siloé , en el que se representa el árbol de Jesé en torno al abrazo de los padres de la Virgen María , San Joaquín y Santa Ana.
    El arbol de Jesé es el árbol genealógico de Cristo , que surge del vientre de Jesé, padre del rey David-
    El árbol se se divide en dos grandes ramas que encierran una especie de tabernáculo en el que están San Joaquín y Santa Ana y se cierran en la parte superior donde están la Virgen y el Niño rodeados por dos imágenes que representan a la Iglesia a la Sinagoga . En las ramas laterales de las flores brotan los reyes de la genealogía de Jesús , que llevan una filacteria indicando su nombre
    En la parte inferior izquierda está la imagen de San Eustaquio , cuando se le aparece un ciervo con una cruz y que fue nombrado patrón de los cazadores y protector de los perros de caza

    Chapel of the Conception and Santa Ana
    The fence at the entrance, indicates that this is the funeral chapel of Bishop Don Luis de Acuña , and you will be especially impressed by the Flemish Gothic altarpiece, made by Gil of Siloe, and represents the Jesse Tree
    The Jesse Tree is genealogy tree of Christ, that comes out from the belly of Jesse, father of King David
    The tree divides into two main branches that embrace a sort of tent in which are San Joaquin and Santa Ana and then they close at the top where are the Virgin and The Child surrounded by two images representing the Synagogue and the Church . In the lateral branches from the flowers sprout the kings of the genealogy of Jesus, carrying a phylactery with their name
    At the bottom left of the altarpiece is the image of St. Eustaquio, when a deer with a cross appeared when he was hunting . He is named Saint Patron of hunters and protector of the hunting dogs

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    Capilla-Reliquias y San Juan de Sahagún-Chapel

    by elpariente Updated Dec 2, 2012
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    San Juan de Sahagún fue un santo de que nació en Salamanca , que fue canónigo en Burgos y tiene aquí una capilla con una representación curiosa en la parte superior que no he podido saber exactamente lo que representa , pues hay varias teorías , así que podéis decidir cual es la que os gusta :
    Una puede ser un ángel mostrándole a Dios los distintos tipos de monstruos , otra puede ser la visión de San Pedro en Jaffa y la tercera San Juan y el apocalipsis
    Por esta capilla pasamos a la de la Reliquias en la que hay tres retablos en los que están las reliquias guardadas en bustos relicarios, arcas y arquetas , las reliquias de santos y santas anteriores al siglo XVIII
    Hay que pensar en la importancia que tuvieron en la Edad Media las reliquias pues fueron motivo de veneración de los cristianos y por lo tanto originaron guerras , luchas , mercados , incluso se permitió cortar los cuerpos de los mártires para que se pudieran distribuir mejor ... ya que las ciudades las iglesias que las guardaban podían conseguir gran número de beneficios , autorización de mercados , peregrinaciones ...
    Hay una supuesta espina de la corona de Jesús que se la regaló un Papa y otras reliquias catalogadas desde la edad media como auténticas y como posibles

    San Juan de Sahagún was a saint born in Salamanca, in Burgos Cathedral was a Dean and has a chapel here with a curious representation at the top of the altar , that I could not know exactly what it represents, as there are several theories, have a look and you can decide which is the one you like:
    One may be an angel showing to God the different types of monsters, another may be the vision of St. Peter in Jaffa and the third San Juan and the Apocalypse
    From here we turn to the Chapel of the Relics where there are three altars where the relics of saints that lived before the eighteenth century are kept , in reliquaries busts, chests and caskets.
    Think of the importance of the relics had in the Middle Ages as they were the object of worship of Christians and therefore originated wars, struggles, markets... and they decided that it was allowed to cut the bodies of the martyrs, so they could be distributed better .. . because the cities could have churches that could get many benefits as : Cathedrals, churches , market authorization, pilgrimages ...
    There is a supposed thorn from the Crown of Jesus that a pope donated to the Cathedral and other relics from the Middle Ages catalogued part of them as authentic and others as possible

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    Puerta del Claustro - Cloister Door

    by elpariente Written Dec 1, 2012

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    Esta puerta policromada , de estilo gótico , da acceso al claustro
    Simboliza la venida de Cristo como Hombre a la tierra . En ella se ve al profeta Isaías y al Rey David, en la jamba derecha, que profetizan su llegada y en la jamba izquierda está la Anunciación del Ángel a María en la arquivoltas se ven reyes y profetas , mientras en el tímpano está al bautismo de Jesús presidido por una paloma que representa al Espíritu Santo .
    Se puede ver el escudo de Castilla

    This polychrome Gothic door gives access to the cloister
    It symbolizes Christ's coming to earth as a man. It shows the prophet Isaiah and King David, in the right jamb, that prophesy his arrival and in left jamb is the Annunciation of the Angel to Mary , in the archivolts are kings and prophets, while in the eardrum is the baptism of Jesus presided over by a dove representing the Holy Spirit.
    You can see the Castile coat of arms

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    Puerta - Sarmental - Door

    by elpariente Updated Dec 1, 2012
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    Está en la fachada Sur y por esta puerta de estilo gótico , es por donde se inicia la visita a la catedral , pero antes hay que verla y disfrutarla
    En el centro del tímpano está Jesús , sentado con el libro de la Sabiduría en la mano y rodeado por los cuatro evangelistas y sus símbolos .
    En el dintel están los doce apóstoles con un libro de los evangelios en las manos , a los lados de la puerta hay profetas y apóstoles y en el parteluz está el Obispo Don Mauricio , que fue el que inició la construcción de la Catedral
    En las arquivoltas están los ancianos de la apocalipsis tocando sus instrumentos , reyes y ángeles Como cosa curiosa todas las esculturas están mirando al espectador (Frontalidad )

    It is on the South facade and by this Gothic door, is where you start the visit to the Cathedral, but first we must have a close look at and enjoy it
    In the center of the tympanon is Jesus sitting with the Book of Wisdom in his hands and surrounded by the four evangelists and their symbols.
    On the lintel are the twelve apostles with a book of the Gospels in their hands, at the sides of the door are prophets and apostles and the mullion is Bishop Don Mauricio, who was the one who initiated the construction of the Cathedral
    In the archivolts are the elders of the apocalypse playing their instruments, kings and angels
    Curiously all the sculptures are looking at viewer

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    It's not as if you can miss it

    by garridogal Updated Jun 20, 2011
    Here she is!
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    You can't. Burgos's cathedral is one of the big ones! It's extremely ornate and a beautiful feat of architecture.

    Part of it is open to the public for free. We opted to tour that section. Call us cheap. Go on, you know you're thinking it.

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    CATHEDRAL - The main façade.

    by breughel Updated Mar 2, 2011

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    Main fa��ade
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    The cathedral of Burgos is worthwhile the visit as she is one of the finest examples of Spanish Gothic art. The cathedral (now an UNESCO world heritage) was built on an irregular ground what adds to the charm and the variety of the architectural aspects. She is the third largest cathedral in Spain after Sevilla and Toledo.

    The main façade is on the Plaza de Santa Maria with a starred rose-window and a gallery of statues of the Castile monarchs. There are two 88 metre high towers, crowned by magnificent spires with open stonework traceries. Here we can see that the construction was over a long period with two gothic styles. The lower part by local architects built on plans imported from France in the 13th and 14th c. and the upper parts in the 15th c. with architects and sculptors like Felipe Bigarny from Burgondy, Gil de Siloé from Flanders and John of Cologne.
    They found in the Moresque local art "mudejar" an inspiration which allowed them to renew in the 15th century here in Castile and Leon the flamboyant Gothic which weakened then in the North of Europe.
    This transformation of the gothic style is very noticeable when looking up from the three entrances to the open-carved balustrades and balconies in the towers.
    Remarkable of course is the white stone used. The cathedral of Burgos looks like a lace work.

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    Cathedral - Eastside.

    by breughel Written Oct 22, 2009

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    Burgos cathedral - Sarmental door.

    On the eastern side of the cathedral at the Plaza de San Fernando opens the remarkable
    Puerta del Sarmental. One of the best examples of Gothic sculptures from the 13th c. in Spain. The tympanum probably sculpted by a French artist shows similarities with the one of Amiens.
    It is by this door that tourists have access to the cathedral.

    Left of this door, which is reached by two flights of stairs, one can visit the cathedral's museum of religious art located in the chapter House and in some chapels.

    Opening times:
    From 19th March to 31st October:
    From 9.30 h to 19.30 h

    From 1st November to 18th March:
    From 10.00 h to 19.00 h

    Entrance closed at 18.30 h or 18.00 h

    Price: 5€, seniors 4€, students 3€.

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    Cathedral of Burgos - Northside.

    by breughel Written Oct 22, 2009

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    Capilla del Condestable - Apse
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    When walking further to the northside of the cathedral appears the magnificent octagonal Chapel of the Constable (Capilla del Condestable de Castilla Pedro Fernández de Velasco) in Flamboyant Gothic style also by architect Francisco de Colonia.
    The interior of the chapel is famous by its pierced double stellar vault and stained-glass panes. It has three fine altarpieces and stone sculptures. Most remarkable is the Carrare marble tomb of the Condestable and his wife.

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    Cathedral of Burgos - the Westside.

    by breughel Updated Oct 22, 2009

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    Cathedral of Burgos - Westside.

    Best is to start a walk around the cathedral from the plaza de Santa Maria on the south-west side. Here stands the principal façade which was inspired in the purest French Gothic style remembering the cathedrals of Paris and of Reims.
    The façade consists of three bays topped by two lateral, square towers. The steep octagonal spires, 88 meters tall, covered with open stonework traceries of German influence were added in the 15th century and are work of Juan de Colonia (born in Cologne, Germany). He introduced the flamboyant style to Castile.

    Walk up the stairs on the left to have a view on the nave with the central octogonal tower. The impression is that of huge lacework.
    One can also see how the architects were able to use the irregularity of the ground by forming places cut by staircases.

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