Calatañazor is a small village, built on top of a hill. Visiting Calatañazor is like going back to the year 1000.The village keeps the medieval layout: the wall surrounding the village is well preserved and there are remains of the castle from the XIV century.
Calatañazor is known as the place where Almanzor, the arab caudillo, definitely was defeated. Almanzor used to do raids in northern lands conquered by Christians. In 1002, after one of these raids, the armies of the kingdoms of Castile, Leon and Navarre joint under the orders of Sancho García and defeated the Sarracens. This battle took place in Calatañazor, and it was said that “en Calatañazor Almanzor perdió el atambor” (atambor is an arcaic form for tambor, drum), which can be translated as “at Calatañazor Almanzor lost his drum”, but the actual meaning is that he lost his talisman of unbeatable and was defeated. In fact, after this battle Almanzor fell ill and he died in Medinaceli a few days later.
Calatañazor is also known for its sabinar, a forest of Juniperus thurifera (Spanish Juniper). This sabinar, 3 km from the village, is the oldest one in Europe: some specimens are 300 years old.
Calatañazor is 32 km from Soria, taking the road N-122 to the Southwest.
Calatañazor is a small medieval town, including the ruins of a castle. In the legend, it is the place where the mighty Moorish leader Al-Mansur was finally defeated by the Christians, after years of continuous victories.
The environment of the town is also worth to see. It includes the biggest and perhaps the best conserved forest of Incense Junipers in the world ("Juniperus thurifera", a remaining of the glacial era, and considered an endangered species).-