El Fossar de les Moreres, Barcelona
Located on the East side (back) of the Church of Santa Maria del mar, is a brick covered depression with a curved sculpture with an enternal flame. The memorial is for the Catalans buried in a mass grave in 1714 resisting Felipe V's conquering troops. The depression represents the sinking of the ground as the bodies decomposed.
On the southern side of Esglesia de Santa Maria del Mar there is a small sunken square. An eternal flame is burning on a torch and below are lines from a poem by the Catalan poet Frederic Soler. It says: In the graveyard of the mulberry trees no traitor shall be buried. This is a monument over the Catalan resistance fighters who were killed during the siege of Barcelona in 1714. They were buried at the cemetery , which was laying where the square is now. During the National Day of Catalonia this is an important place.
El Fossar de les Moreres (or Mulberry tree graveyard) is one of the main symbols of Catalonia. According to tradition here lie those who died defending Barcelona in the siege of 1714, which was the final episode in the War of Succession in which the European dynasties of Austria and Bourbon fought over the kingdoms of Spain. At the end Phillip IV won and he brought the Bourbon dinasty to Spain and punished hard the catalan people, who fought for Charles of Austria.The memorial placed here in 2001 commemorates this heroic defence of Barcelona by the Catalan militia, who for over a year resisted the alliance of the Spanish and French armies, far superior in number and technology.
"Aquí no s'enterra cap traïdor, fins perdent les banderes serà l'urna de l'honor".
The legend says that there was an old man burying here his grandson, who fell died fighting for Charles of Austria. Two men arrived then bringing the body of his son, who died too but fighting for Philip of Bourbon. Although the old man was sad for the lost of his son he stopped the men saying: "here is not buried any traitor, although losing our flags this will be the urn of honour" (rough translation of the words in catalan written on the wall)
Kind of hidden away on the southern side of the Esglesia de Santa Maria del Mar is a small sunken square which used to be the site of El Fossar de les Moreres. This was the Mulberry Cemetery, named after the trees that once grew there. Catalan resistance fighters were buried here after the siege of Barcelona ended in 1714.
These days an eternal flame burns above the square to commemorate those that died in the war. The flame sits atop a tall, curved metal sculpture. Stop by and see it burning after you visit the neighbouring church.
Memorial dedicated to more of 4000 catalans killed by the french-spanish Felipe V troops in 1714. All Catalan institutions were closed. September 11th of 1714: Unfortunately Catalonia lost its sovereignty. Nowadays we still are an ocuppied nation.
September 11th is the Catalonia national day, we celebrate the resistance.