You have been studying your Spanish and you are confident that you have mastered at least a few Spanish words and phrases. Suddenly, you're in Spain and you are hearing them use the word
"vosotros"-you can't make heads or tails of it.
Vosotros is the second person plural in Spanish. Generally, only Spaniards still use this actively. In Latin America you would hear it now and then in poems and some formal occasions (like in church). That is increasingly rare in Latin America. In Spain it is used commonly.
The nearest equivalent in English (American) would be "y'all".
You can use "ustedes" instead, which is commonly taught in Spanish classes and used actively in Latin America. In Spain "ustedes" is more formal. If you hear "vosotros" and you don't know how to use it, just use "ustedes instead.
It is a bit confusing to the visitor. There are three main law enforcement bodies in Spain, aside from the tourist police.
Guarda Civil- they wear green uniforms and are a national body. They are mainly responsible for national security, crowd control at large events, customs. One Spaniard I talked to more or less compared them to the FBI here in the States.
Policia Nacional- they were black uniforms or sometimes a blue military style uniform. They are armed and are responsible for security of public buildings. They are responsible for most day to day complaints and investigations.
Local police- they are employees of the local government and are mainly responsible for traffic and parking control as well as some other smallish duties. They are considered quite approachable.
This tip is something I ran across in Spain. I find it interesting that the way that I heard Spaniards say that they would have to call the police. In Spanish they say "le voy a denunciar a la policia" which means "I'm going to denounce you to the police." I found it interesting that they way of referring to it still exists. A Latin American would say "llamar a la policia" to express the same thing.
well the best calcots are in the Tarragona area, and towns outside Barcelona like Valls (1 hr by car) ,inside Barcelona I have been to this one
Avda de l'estatut de Catalunya, s/n
hope it helps
you have 7 days so depends how you schedule your time. HOwever, I never take tours. Some CAva ask for appoinntments and other dont. You need to choose the ones you like and call ahead to be sure or see their website for details
they are the most popular there
Restaurants are many and many cuisines and budgets, best to look at destinations above right for Barcelona restaurants see the tips by posters like us and choose the ones you like, then can come back for update details here; also my Spain page.
Hope it helps
My grandparents on both side mother and father comes from Tenerife, especifically Candelaria and Pajara in south Tenerife.
It is a different place from mainland Spain.
Here we drink gofio the traditional drink sometimes mix wth milk it is made of wheat and barley. Sometimes we mix other flavors like banana. In music it is the punto canario or Cuban, that is an element of does it came from Tenerife to Cuba or from Cuba to Tenerife and the whole of the Canary islands. Nevertheless, its a national music today in the Canary islands.
The Tenerife were the land of the Guanches, these were annexed to Spain after their defeat at Gûimar in April 1496. Several theories show they can be descendants of Berbers, Celtics, or Vikings, the theory has not been proven so not exactly agreed upon.
The language is found to have several berbers roots but also celtics, such as these words
Altaha : hombre de gran valor , man of great courage
Acorán : Dios del Sol , god of the sun
Tagrawla : revolución , revolution
Belingo : diversión, fiesta , feast ,party
Tamarco : camisa de pieles , leather shirts or cover
Axa : cabra , goat
Ahul Felawen : saludos, compañeros, hello friends
Magec : el Sol , the sun
Vacaguaré : quiero morir, want to die
Tilellít : libertad liberty or freedom
Azarug : independencia , independance
Banot : garrote de guerra , war club bat tofight and kill
Echedey : el que hace temblar , the one who brings fears
Tizzir i: luz de la luna , light of the moon
Ataman : cielo , sky
Haña : oveja , sheep
Sansofé : buenos días , good day good mornings
Tihaxa : carnero , ram or mutton
Ahemon : agua , water
Guatativoa : convite , invitation of friend for a feast
achicaxna : villano , villain
Tezezes : bastones largos, long bats
Magados : garrotes , clubs for hitting
Añepa : bastón de mando , hand club or bat
Guayota : genio del mal , bad genie
Gánigo : vasija , vase or pan
Ahoren : harina de cebada , flour of lard for breads
the main sights other than Candelaria where the patron saint is now at the basilica there, you can visit Santa Cruz de La Palma or Valverde ( El Hierro); large houses like those in La Laguna ( Tenerife) towers like the Tostón at El Cotillo ( Fuerteventura) or the Conde ( La Gomera); small fortresses like those at San Gabriel ( Lanzarote); caves and towns with footprints of the Guanches are the Cueva Pintada de Gáldar ( Gran Canaria) or Zonzamas ( Lanzarote). The drawings in the sacred mountaints of Tindaya ( Fuerteventura), at Garafía ( La Palma) or the Balos ( Gran Canaria).
The last of the kings and the most courageous was Bencomo , king called by the Guanches "El Mencey" He lived in the valley of Arautapala in near Taoro, carry the historical battle of the massacre of Acentejo.
A sight that tells you all about my people is written by Guanches or Isleños is here
We dont do bull fights, nor flamenco nor speak the same accent as mainland Spain. Our words are different and the accent is closer to those found in latin America. The biggest immigration of us was to Cuba and Venezuela in the Americas but really we are all over even see the Isleño community center in ST Bernard just outside New Orleans USA
read more here
and the museum here
Los Isleños Heritage and Cultural Society Museum , 1345 - 1357 Bayou Road, St. Bernard, Louisiana, 70085 USA
We were one of the first groups to sail with Colombus, and we adapt to the world, come to Tenerife come to the Canary Islands and if too far, try the ones near you, I bet we are there.
a tourist office of Tenerife
and some photos from my old files!
The first thing you should remember is that Spaniards love to go out to eat but they take their time. A meal is never hurried and a waiter will never hurry you.
You should also get used to eating somewhat later than in other places. Likewise, restaurants and eateries are open much later than would be the norm in the States and a lot of other places.
Breakfast- Spaniards eat a very light breakfast, usually some coffee, chocolate con churros or some tostadas (toast). You can get breakfast at a bar, which are often open quite early (7 am in Madrid). You might have a difficult time if you are yearning for a full breakfast like in the States.
Lunch- Lunch is the main meal of the day for Spaniards. Usually served anywhere from noon onwards. If you get the "menu del dia" you will get a full 3 course meal with bread and drink. This will be the most economical alternative.
Dinner- Spaniards don't usually eat dinner until fairly late. Whereas Americans and many others eat around 6, Spaniards most often eat at 8 (that is early!) . Since a Spaniard will traditionally take their time with meals you can expect that dinner will go somewhat late. This is usually a lighter meal
Tapas- Tapas have become very popular outside of Spain. Originally, what they were were little snacks to hold you over until it was time for dinner. These have become much more fancy but are still mainly considered snacks, though you can easily make a meal of them if you eat enough. Can get somewhat expensive.
Following are some names you will hear while you are in Spain. just so you know
1. Don Juan Carlos- King of Spain. The monarchy was restored after the end of the dictatorship and the King is widely credited with helping the transition to democracy. Juan Carlos was selected as King by Franco, skipping over his father in the line of succession. By all accounts the King is greatly respected throughout Spain.
2. Infante/Infanta- the Spaniards call their Princesses/Princes this.
3. Prince of Asturias- Felipe of Borbon- Crown Prince of Spain. Born 1968. Received Law Degree in Spain and graduate studies at Georgetown University.
4. Francisco Franco- leader of the Nationalist military rebellion, general and dictator of Spain from 1936-1975.
5. Velasquez- Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velasquez (1599-1660)- The great Spanish court painter of Phillip IV. He is known for outstanding portraits and court paintings. One of his best is the one of Pope Innocent (Pamphili Gallery, Rome) and his best known is Las Meninas (Museo del Prado, Madrid). The Prado Museum holds a large collection of his work. One of the things I love best in his painting is the degree of almost photographic quality.
6. Reyes Católicos- the Catholic Monarchs. Refers to Ferdinand and Isabella. Their marriage united the Spanish Crown under the House of Trastamara and was the first truly national dynasty. Previous to their union there had been feuding regions/principalities, under the Reyes Católicos, Spain became a nation and a European power. Under their reign, the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula occured, thus ending Moslem dominion over large parts of Andalucia.
7. Carlos V- Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.-(1500-1558) Son of Phillip the Handsome (of Burgundy) and Joanna of Castille. Heir to the crowns of Spain, the Habsburg Empire. He became Spanish King in 1516 following the death of his grandfather Ferdinand. Under Carlos V, Spain became a world power led by the colonization of the new world and the attendant wealth that created.
Spain is one the leading producers of olive oil and if you should be traveling by train between Seville and Granada (for example) you will see endless fields of olive trees. Though I personally have not done this, Ive heard that there are a few farms that will show you how the olive oil is pressed and so forth.
Though olive oil is considered quite healthy, it seemed to me that Spaniards cooked with a large amount of olive oil. Look, for example, at some of the stores that offer paella already prepared.
Though I do like olive oil, my system finds it hard to digest very well. Therefore I tend to avoid things that clearly have a large amount of olive oil. I got quite sick in Seville (on my last day) the day before I was heading out to Granada to finally see the Alhambra, that I had dreamed of seeing for so many years. My stomach was still quite unsettled but much more stable. The night manager at my hotel in Seville prepared some very nice tea (te de manzanilla) which did a great job of calming my stomach.
After that, when i went out to eat I would ask the server to please prepare my meal with little olive oil. They were usually a little shocked at first, but were happy to comply.
olive oil= "aceite de olivo"
Please can you fix my food with less olive oil= "Por favor, me puede preparar mi comida con muy poco aceite de olivo."
Spain is a predominantly Christian country, and in many ways, the south has the traditional roots going deeper.
During Semana Santa (Holy Week) and ending on Pasqua (Easter), there is no shortage of religious events, processions and celebrations. Since Easter floats on the calendar, I will not give specific dates, it is best to simply review the current year's schedule. But during this week, many offices will be closed, operating hours reduced, etc.
The traditional processions are somber in tone. The marches are very slow and often labored. But that is to be expected, because many of the groups will be carrying on their shoulders the various Stations of the Cross, leading through the events that mirror the circumstances of Christ.
The bands of drummers, the robed patrons of the hermanidads (brotherhoods) of the churches and other followers are to be found everywhere. The member of these brotherhoods pay modest membership dues. However, those who wish to carrying the Stations typically bid for the honor, paying sometimes hundreds of Euros!
While it may be argued that the Gigantes are typically witnessed in Catalunia (example: Barcelona and Tarragona), they are seen outside of the region too (example: Morella and beyond).
These large costumes are hollow and worn on the sholders of their 'drivers'. The frames are made out of wood and/or aluminum typically and the exteriors are paper-maché.
These figures typically come out during the particular town's namesake festival, but are not limited to just then.
The Gigantes depict archetypes of the area. Dark skinned Gigantes may be the African or Moorish people of the old days. White women may be the noble class. Others can be peasants, important clergy, other nobles, etc. Throughout the festivals, they are used to reenact the important events and relationships in the town's history.
The Fallas are a spectacle to see. Happening on a sliding calendar, depending on the year, they are typical in the month of April.
Originally, people used to do their spring cleaning and had to overcome the problem of what to do with their discarded rubbish. Long time ago, the communities would get together, help each other and eventually burn the unwanted items.
Over time, these piles of rubbish and the burning of them became more the focal point than the spring purging. The piles and fires became more intricate, larger and more grandiose.
Today, the Fallas are a week long festival. Local communities each make and display their large sculptures from flammable (wood and paper-mache) materials for a week or more. Then, on the final eve of the festival, they are lit on fire.
The fires are hot and fast, being forewarned by a loud procession of fireworks (the Mascleta). The firemen and firetrucks are on hand for crowd control and obviously the fires. After one is successfully torched, the crew moves to the next one. In the late hours of the night, the last ones are finally lit.
The Fallas are typical in the southern region of Valencia. Please see my Benicarlo or Valencia pages for more details.
The third week of September in Tarragona is filled with festivities to honor Santa Tecla, the local saint. Not that they need any other excuses to stay up late with loud music or fireworks, but now they add the extras of road closures, parades and street performances. Most of it was pretty good, but after 10 days you just want the 6am concerts to stop. Regardless, this is the time when they have the contest of the Castellers, or the human tours, which is only found in Tarragona. There are also other activities, such as the parade of the Gigantes, music, fireworks, etc.
There are contests in the city plaza (Placa de la Font), as well as larger contests in the Plaza del Toros! I simply cannot describe how amazing this is to see first hand!!
See my Tarragona page for more details.
10 fresh lambs' kidneys
1 big onion, chopped
4 tablespoons olive oil
4 oz bacon
1 garlic clove, finely chopped
2 tablespoon flour
4 fl. oz fino dry sherry or Montilla
1 tablespoon tomato concentrate
2 sprigs fresh thyme
Salt and freshly ground black pepper
Fry the onion in 2 tablespoons of oil over a low heat in a big frying pan. When it starts to soften add the diced bacon and garlic.
Remove the membranes and cut out the middle cores from the kidneys, then cut them into large dices.
Remove and reserve the onion and bacon from the pan and add 1-2 tablespoons more olive oil.
Put in the diced kidneys, a handful at a time, over the highest heat and stir occasionally. When they are sealed, pull them to the sides of the pan and add the next handful. When they are all sealed and coloured, return the onions and bacon, sprinkle with flour and stir in.
Add the Sherry, tomato concentrate and thyme and bring to a simmer. Season to taste.
1 tablespoon olive oil
5 tablespoons minced onion
6 oz canned tuna, packed in olive oil
4 oz goat cheese
3 oz pimento-stuffed olives, chopped
5 tablespoons toasted pine nuts
5 tablespoons capers, chopped
1 teaspoon paprika
Salt and pepper, to taste.
2 cloves garlic, peeled and minced
16 oz puff pastry, defrosted if frozen
Heat the olive oil in a skillet over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic and sauté for about 5 minutes or until softened. Remove from the heat and set aside.
Using a fork, mash the tuna with the onion, garlic, goat cheese, pimento-stuffed olives, pine nuts, capers, paprika, salt, and pepper. Set aside.
On a floured surface, roll out the pastry to 1/8 inch thickness. Using a 3-inch cookie cutter, cut out as many dough circles as the dough will allow, rerolling the dough sheets if necessary. Cupping each dough round in your hand, spoon about 1 teaspoon of the filing into the center of each dough round, then brush the edges with a little water. fold the dough over the mixture to form a crescent. Pinch the edges of crescent to seal the dough closed. Use the back of a fork to further press the edges of the dough together.
This is a beautiful property with a modern, luxurious feel. For those of you who want a more...more
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C/ Retamas 1, San Agustin, 35100, Spain
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